A+ Computer Maintenance Chapter 7

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Is used to change motherboard settings, find a boot device, and contains instructions for running essential hardware before an oS is started. Firmware that can control much of a computer’s input/output functions, such as communication with the keyboard and monitor.
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BIOS
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In a Windows domain, where is the centralized database kept?
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domain controller (key word is domain)
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What is the name of the directory database that controls access to a Windows Server domain?
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Active Directory
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Which Windows 7 edition is intended for business users and allows you to purchase multiple site licenses?
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Windows 7 Professional
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Where should a user disable virus protection settings that might prevent the boot area of the hard drive from being altered?
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BIOS setup
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What type of installation should you perform if you want to install a 64 bit version of Windows on a computer that already has a 32 bit OS installed?
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clean install
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A ____ boot allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old one so you can boot to either OS.
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dual
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Which type of OS should you install if you have enough RAM?
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64 bit
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What is used to uniquely identify a computer on a network?
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IP address
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What important information is needed if you are installing an OEM version of Windows 7?
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product key
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Once the virtual machine wizard is complete, the new virtual machine is listed in the ___ window.
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Explorer
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The process of copying an entire hard drive to another bootable media device is called________
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mirroring or disk imaging
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your primary Windows tool for managing hardware
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device manager
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The simplest way to find out if a system can be upgraded to Windows 7 is to download, install and run the _______
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upgrade advisor
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A server automatically installs a new image or OS upgrade to a computer when a user is not likely to be sitting at it
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push automation (key word AUTOMATION)
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A copy of an entire hard drive that includes Windows 7, drivers, and applications that are standard to all the computers that might use that copy
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standard image (key word STANDARD)
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used during an unattended installation
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answer file
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overall structure an OS uses to name, store and organize files on a volume
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file system (key word FILE)
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A network where resources are managed by centralized computers
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client/server network (key word NETWORK)
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contains a list of OS commands that are executed as a group (group of commands)
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batch file (list/batch)
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the directory database used by Windows Server to control resources on a network
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Active Directory (key word Directory)
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A network that is managed by each computer without centralized control
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peer to peer network
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software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer
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virtual machine
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located on the motherboard and contains instructions for running essential hardware devices before an Operating system is started
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system BIOS
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Part of system BIOS that is responsible for controlling the computer when it is first turned on and gives control over to the OS once it is loaded.
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startup BIOS
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Where should a user disable virus protection settings that might prevent the boot area of the hard drive from being altered? a) Control Panel b)BIOS setup c) Device Manager d) Computer
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b) BIOS setup
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The ____is used to change motherboard settings, finds a boot device, and contains instructions for running essential hardware before an OS is started. a) kernel b) device driver c) BIOS d) system drive
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c) BIOS
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Contains instructions for running essential hardware devices before an operating system is started
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system BIOS

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