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A Beka Book "English Literature: Classics for Christians" Final

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Poetry
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The first literature of the Anglo-Saxons
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Kenning
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Strong metaphorical expression
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Beowulf
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Oldest surviving epic of Germanic people
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Caedmon
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First Anglo-Saxon poet whose name we know
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The Venerable Bede
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Wrote “Ecclesiastical History of the English People”; founder of English history
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Sir Thomas Malory
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Most notable writer of fifteenth century; wrote “Morte Darthur”
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Pearl Poet
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Wrote “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
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mystery plays
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plays on biblical subjects
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miracle plays
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plays dealing with legends of saints
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morality play
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in these are represented allegorically the battle which the vices and virtues wage for the possession of the human soul
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“Everyman”
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subject is the hour of death
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Geoffrey Chaucer
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wrote “The Canterbury Tales”
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exemplum
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short tale or anecdote told to teach a lesson
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drama
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literary genre that reached zenith during Elizabethan period
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Edmund Spenser
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created romantic allegory in “The Faerie Queen”
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Sir Philip Sydney
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Wrote first piece of literary criticism
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SirFrancis Bacon
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father of the essay
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Sir Thomas More
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wrote “Utopia”
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Thomas Cranmer
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wrote “The Book of Common Prayer”
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John Foxe
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wrote “The Book of Martyrs”
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rhyme
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correspondence of sounds
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rhythm
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regular recurrence of sounds
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meter
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measured rhythm of a poem
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iamb
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unaccented accented
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trochee
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accented unaccented
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anapest
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2 unaccented 1 accented
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dactyl
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1 accented 2 unaccented
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spondee
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2 accented
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blank verse
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un rhymed iambic pentameter
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Christopher Marlowe
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wrote “Doctor Faustus” and “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”
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Sir Walter Raleigh
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wrote “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” and “On the Life of Man”
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Ben Jonson
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England’s first poet laureate; wrote “A Hymn to God the Father”
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William Shakespeare
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greatest writer of all time
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Sonnet 18
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“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate”
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“Paradise Lost”
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England’s greatest epic
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John Milton
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greatest English poet; most outstanding poet of 17th century; wrote “Paradise Lost”
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“Pilgrim’s Progress”
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England’s greatest allegory
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John Bunyan
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greatest prose writer of The Age of the Puritans; wrote “Pilgrim’s Progress”
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Robert Herrick
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wrote “The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet” and “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”; carpe diem
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Sir John Suckling
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wrote “The Constant Lover”
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Edmund Waller
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wrote “Go, Lovely Rose!”; created couplet
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Richard Lovelace
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wrote “To Althea, from Prison” and “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
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John Donne
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wrote “Meditation XVII”; first and greatest of Metaphysical poets
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George Herbert
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wrote “The Pulley” and “The Collar”; known for saintly life
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Age of Pope
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first half of 18th century known as
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Age of Johnson
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second half of 18th century known as
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Journalism and Novel
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2 greatest literary contributions of 18th century
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Thomas Gray
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wrote “Elegy Written in a Country Courtyard”; led way from Classicism to Romanticism
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“Elegy Written in a Country Courtyard”
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“Full many a gem of purest ray serene The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear; Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air.”
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Robert Burns
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wrote “Afton Water”; Scotland’s greatest poet
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“The Cotter’s Saturday Night”
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depicts an evening in the life of a godly Scottish family; “‘An’ honest man’s the noblest work of God'”
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Romantic poets
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used common people as subjects
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Samuel Taylor Coleridge
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wrote “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and “Kubla Kan”; greatest mind of the Romantic Movement
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Lake Poets
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Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey
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William Wordsworth
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Greatest English poet since Milton; initiated Romantic Movement in England
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George Gordon, Lord Byron
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wrote “Child Harold’s Pilgrimage”; created “Byronic hero”
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John Keats
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only major Romantic poet of humble birth; wrote “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer” and “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
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Sir Walter Scott
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wrote “My Native Land”
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Jane Austen
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wrote “Pride and Prejudice”
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Victorian Era
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age of prose; greatest poets were Tennyson, Browning, and Arnold
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Alfred, Lord Tennyson
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Voice of Victorian England; wrote “Break, Break, Break”, “Ulysses”, “Enoch Arden”, and “Idylls of the King”
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Elizabeth Barrett Browning
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wrote “Sonnets of the Portuguese”
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Oscar Wilde
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wrote “The Importance of Being Earnest” and “The Nightingale and the Rose”
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Thomas Hardy
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Wrote “Tony Kytes, the Arch-deceiver”
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William Butler Yeats
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one of the greatest 20th century poets of the English language
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T. S. Eliot
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wrote “Journey of the Magi”; the most traditional yet modern, influential yet influenced, poet of his time
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Joseph Conrad
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wrote “The Lagoon”; master of English prose
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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
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wrote “His Last Bow”
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Winston Churchill
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wrote “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat”; one of the greatest statesmen in the history of the world
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C. S. Lewis
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wrote “The Screwtape Letters”; Apostle to the Skeptics