9th grade english mid term study guide

Theme
the larger idea of a writers work
setting
The time, place, and environment in which action takes place
mood
the emotional atmosphere of the story
characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
point of veiw
the perspective, or outlook, from which a writer tells the story
conflict
a problem in the story
plot
the events that happen along the course of a story.
literary device
techniques used by writers to stir emotion in their audience
imagery
the use of language to evoke the readers five senses
irony
the dramatic disparity between what is expected and what proves to be true
symbolism
the use of images, events, or charicteristics in a narritive for dramatic and thematic effect
figurative language
is the crafting of text in such a way that provokes a response in the audience
extended metaphor
caparison between tho things that runs through the entire work
allusion
referance to a specific place, historical event, literary figure, or work of art.
foreshadowing
involves giving the audience a glimpse of what is going to happen in a story
allegory
story were the charectors and the setting represents ideas and beliefs
memoir
a record of a single period in someones life
autobiography
story of someones life in their own words
sciencfiction
uses other planets and space to predict the future
skimming
a wato quickly absorb material, paying attention to illustrations, key words and phrases
scanning
means of searching for a particular term or word
primary source
is any info created at the time something happens
secondary resource
historical or info sources built up (after the fact)
dictonary
give definitions
thesauruses
shows antynyms and synonyms
narritive
a story with a begining middle and end
nonfiction
true stories or writings
epics
long story poems that tell of extraodinary deeds by supernatural charectors
ballads
tell a stor in a song
lyric poem
conveys an exact mood or feeling to the reader
poetic devices
used to enhance the effectiveness of poetry
personifaction
i give human qualities to nonhuman things
simile
uses like or as
hyperbole
another way of saying a figure of speech
alliteration
repeat initial consonant sounds
onomonopoea
A word whose sound suggests its meaning.
Bzzzzzz or woooshh goes the water
dialogue
is conversation between 2 charectors that moves the plot forward in a drama or comedy
monologue
speech givin by one charicter speaking directly to the audiance