7 elements of art

Flashcard maker : Lesly Ford
Line
An element of art that is the path of a moving point through space. Although lines can vary in appearance they can have different lengths, widths, textures, directions, and degree of curve, they are considered one- dimensional and are measured by length. A line is also used by an artist to control the viewers eye movement. There are five kinds of line: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved, and zigzag.
Shape
A two- dimensional area that is defined in some way. While a form has depth, a shape has only height and width. Shapes are either geometric or free form.
Organic
Shapes or forms made by the forces of nature opposite of manufactured shapes / forms
Geometric
Precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas
Texture
The element of art that refers to how things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched. Texture is perceived by touch and sight, objects can have rough or smooth textures and matte or shiny surfaces.
Actual texture
Is texture which may be physically felt.
Implied texture
Is texture that may be seen only, as in a painting.
Color
An element of art that is derived from reflected light. The sensation of color is aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to different wavelength of light. Color has three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
Space
The element of art that refers to the emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Shapes and forms are defined by space around and within them.
Positive space
Shapes or forms in two- and three- dimensional art. Empty space surrounding them are called negative space or ground.
Negative space
Is quite simply, the space that surrounds an object in a image.
Value
Describes the lightness and darkness of an object.
Flat
Having a smooth, level or even surface: not having curves or bumps.
Graded
A position in a scale of size.
Variety
Principle of the art concerned with difference or contrast.
Proportion
Principle of art concerned with the size relationships of one part to another.
Harmony
Technique of shading with a series of fine parallel lines.
4 steps in art criticism
What do you in each step?
Description
A list of all the things you see on the work.
Analysis
In art criticism, the step in which you discover how the principles of art are used to organize the art elements of line, color, shape, form, space, and texture.
Interpretation
In art criticism, the step in which you or tell the meaning or mood of the work.
Judgment
In art criticism, the step in which you determine the degree of artistic merit.
3 aesthetic theories
Imitationalism an aesthetic theory focusing on realistic presentation. One of the three aesthetic theories of art criticism, the others being Emotional and Formalism.
Realism
Mid- nineteenth- century artistic style in which familiar scenes are presented as they actually appeared.
Emotionalism
Theory that requires that a work of art must arouse a repo nose of feelings, moods, or emotions in the viewer.
Expressivism
Is an early 20th century style of art that is changed with an emotional or spiritual vision.
Formalism
Theory that places emphasis on a formal qualities.
Primary colors
Cannot be made to mix colors.
Secondary colors
Made by mixing 2 colors together.
Intermediate colors
A color made by mixing a primary color with a secondary color. Red- orange is an intermediate color.
Triadic color scheme
Uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel.
Tetradic color scheme
Are made up of two complementary colors.
Monochromatic color scheme
Especially with blue or green hues.
Analogous color scheme
Uses colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel.
Complementary color scheme
Across from one another on the color wheel.
Split complementary color scheme
Colors on either side of a color complement.
Warm colors
The yellows and reds of the color spectrum, associated with fire, heat, sun, and warmer temperatures, also called hot colors.
Cool colors
Blues; greens, values calming and soothing considered to be warm.
Hue
A pure black, white, gray. The brightness or darkness of a color.
value
Describes the lightness and darkness of an object.
Tint colors
A color or a variety of a color; hue
Shade
A two- dimensional area
Intensity
Brightness or dullness of a color.
Tone
Color plus it’s complement or color grey.
Color wheel
Or color circle is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle that shows relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors.
Define perspective
The art of drawing solid objects on a two- dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other when viewed from a particular point.
Horizon line
The horizon is where the land or sea and sky meet. In painting perspective, it’s the level your eyes are at, an imaginary line to which things recede.
Converging lines
To tend toward or approach an intersecting point.
One point perspective
Any objects that are made up of lines either directly parallel with the viewers line of sight or directly perpendicular can be represented with one- point perspective.
Two- point perspective
Full definition of two- point perspective: linear perspective in which parallel lines along the width and depth of an object are represented as meeting at two separate points on the horizon that are 90 degrees apart as measured from the common intersection of the lines of projection.
Vanishing point
The point at which receding parallel lines viewed in perspective appear to converge.
6 parts of the credit line for a wok of art
Medium used by the artist. This is the material used to make art.
Size
Of the work. The first number is always the height, the second numbers is the width.
Location
Of the work. The location names the gallery, museum, or collection in which the work is housed and the city, state, and country.
Contour line
A line on a map joining points of equal height above or below sea level.
Contour drawing
Is an essential technique in the field of art because it is strong foundation for any drawing or painting.
Blind contour
Drawing is a method of drawing, widely used by art teachers, where an artist draws the contour of an subject without looking at the paper.
90/10 contour
A modified contour drawing is done when the artist looks intently at EDGES of an obect, but rarely look at the paper.
50/50 contour
It is when you draw your hands in the letters of your name.
Gesture drawing
Is a work of art defined by rapid execution. Is the representation of the essence of an objects or figures position.
Value drawing
An element of art, value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color.
Highlight
The area of most intense light on a represented form, as in a painting or photograph.
Reflective light
Is the light that reflects from surfaces of forms onto other surfaces surrounding the form.
Cast shadow
Is a type of shadow that is created on a form next to a surface that is turned away from the source of light.
Core of the shadow
Within shade, due to the relative position of observer to an object in open space, some part of form bounce less.
Middle/ Transitional values
It means crosshatching which is merely hatching taken many directions in an overlapping technique.

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