6 Miniatures: Part 2: Model Airplanes, Spacecraft, Ships, and Cars

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Minus Tireth
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1/22 scale, over 1000 houses, 7meters by 6 meters, 1/16 scale roads and streets, 1/16 scale catapult
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Skull Island miniatures
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1. Design it 2. Scale it 3. Build it 4. Detail it 5. Approve it
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John Baster
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designing miniature digital drawing and painting King Kong 2005
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Gus and Jeremy
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concept design King Kong 2005
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scaling miniature
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make outline on foam using small maquette for size conversion
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building miniature
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recreating maquette by skewering foam together and attaching it with spray foam
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Detail miniature
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adding textures at random with knife and rock to change it and adding moss and sticks, 9 people on team King Kong 2005
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Ian Ruxton
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created small scale moquettes for King Kong 2005
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John Baxter
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supervises maquettes on King Kong 2005
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Robotic Router table
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cuts out proportional miniatures with shot bot takes animatic shot for scale King Kong 2005
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Duncan Brown
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urethane technician casting rock for King Kong 2005
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Approve miniatures
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director walks around to approve and plan shot
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Paul Van Omen
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head of art and detailing King Kong 2005
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Lucy Woolhouse
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head of green house King Kong 2005
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Fraise Wilkinson
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Model Technician King Kong 2005
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Brian Van’t Hul
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VFX on set supervisor also an independent contractor for WETA
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Motion Control Camera
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used for shooting multiple passes, used in almost every VFX scene
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Tips for Lighting and Shooting
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lots of light to imitate sunlight, smoke helps add perspective, camera focus is critical
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Richard Bluck
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2nd unit director of photography, gets shooting schedule done
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Bob Kur
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miniatures unit gaffer, puts together lighting rigs
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Lighting and Shooting
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1. focus of scene 2. character of lighting 3. atmospherics
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beauty pass
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smoke
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fill pass
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air, focus on mid and foreground
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key pass
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with either air or smoke, plus a key light
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The Hobbit
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45fps
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Star Wars
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George Lucas diagnosed with hypertension, ILM did a years worth of work in 6 months, the risk paid off it set ILM up
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Lon Peterson
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stated that working on Star Wars was the most stressful and exciting times in his life
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Steve Gawley
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built new ships for Star Trek 2, key figure at ILM one of the first 15 original VFX crew members to work with Lucas of the production of Star Wars
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Leonard Nimoy
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director of Star Trek 2 who came up with bird of prey concept for the Clingon ship
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Marty Brenneis
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model electronics Star Trek 2
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Relient Ship
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3 quarters of actual scale, lights were added to make the model come to life, Star Trek 2
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Clingon Ship
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inspired by muscle man football player and bird of prey concept
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Lost in Space 1998
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final edit of film can often include a wide variety of different frame rates
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Howard and Theodore Lydecker
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pioneered and perfected technique of flying model aircraft and even full scale papier mache superheroes using copper tubing and piano wires
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Flying Tigers 1957
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Lydecker brothers used there method of scale model plane on fine wires
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Rebel Blockade runner
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91 centimeter long miniature sported a distinctive X shaped structure on its command bridge simply because of strength
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Star Destroyer
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ILM redid the model from scratch for Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back 1981 bumping its size up to 2.5 meters in length
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Millennium Falcon
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during Star Wars production a similar ship design appeared in the tv show Space: 1999, thus George Lucas called for the original design be retooled, and was then based off of a hamburger
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Digital Domain
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provided the effects for the collision of the Enterprise and Scimitar ships in Star Trek: Nemesis 2002
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miniatures at ILM
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was limited, and in spring 2006 model shop closed its doors
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Nostromo spacecraft
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looked incredibly complex on screen, yet the outer hull of the 16 foot miniature was constructed entirely from commercial model kits Alien 1978
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Lydecker and Skotak brothers
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vintage techniques of suspending and flying model ships as pioneered by the Lydecker brothers was refined by another set of brothers
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4-Ward Productions Inc.
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VFX company run by Robert Skotak since 1989
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Beverly Hills miniature
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New Deal Studios constructed the 1/4 scale miniature with a 120 foot by 80 foot modular footprint
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XF-11 miniature
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used for crash same model used at the tarmac and included a 1/4 scale puppet of Leonardo DiCaprio as Hughes with a radio controlled servo-driven head
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Battle of Santiago Bay 1898
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J. Staurt Blackton and Albert E. Smith sailed 15-25 foot long cardboard ships on ponds to recreate this famous battle
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Tora! Tora! Tora! 1970
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won the academy award for special effects provided by two of movies most prolific figures A.D. Flowers and Lenwood Bullard Abbot, exquisitely detailed miniatures depict World War II
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Pearl Harbor 2001
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directed by Michael Bay, 3 real Mitsubishi Zero fighters were used
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Pirates of the Caribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl 2003
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first of Gore Verbinski’s trilogy, sealed the success of the ILM model shop
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The Black Pearl
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highly detailed 22 foot long, 1/6 scale model ship created by ILM model shop
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S.S. Venture
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1/12 scale ship made by WETA for King Kong 2005
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War of the Worlds 2005 ferry boat miniature
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Steve Gawley and crew building ferry boat to 1/8 scale, weighed 1500 pounds, entire sequence took 5 weeks to design and film
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miniatures and models as the 3 R’s:
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Reputation Realism Reliability
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Student Outcomes 6
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-construction of scale miniature vehicles for film FX -Flying techniques with miniature aircraft -Frame rates in filming miniatures

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