5th Grade Social Studies chapter 6

apprentice
someone who learns a skill by working for an experienced person

artisan
a worker skilled at making things by hand

triangular trade routes
trade routes that are between three regions; they make the shape of a triangle

Middle Passage
the middle part of a slave’s journey from Africa to the Americas

self-sufficient
able to take care of oneself without help

town common
an open space in a colonial town where animals could graze

Great Awakening
a movement in the 1730s in which people again became interested in
religion

almanac
a book with facts and figures about many topics

Stono Rebellion
event in 1739 in which enslaved people fought with slave owners

Many young people in the colonies
were apprentices

Advantages of being an apprentice were
learning a valuable skill, training with an experienced person, becoming an artisan

Because apprentices had to work very long hours
they had very little free time

Jobs available to workers in the English colonies included
cooper, surveyor, and miller

The Middle Colonies were called “the breadbasket of the colonies” because
they grew so much wheat and the milled flour and shipped it to the other colonies

Cash crops in the Southern Colonies were
tobacco, rice, and indigo

A triangular trade route
is a voyage with two stops before returning home

Benjamin Franklin
started Philadelphia’s first newspaper, library, and hospital, and started the 1st volunteer fire department in the 13 colonies

Colonial towns
were self-sufficient

The most important building in New England towns was
the meeting house were town meeting were held

The Southern Colonies had large farms called plantations.
that grew cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo. They were self-sufficient

Public schools in the colonies
had only one room were students of different ages worked together. They learned reading, writing, and math

Many colonists left Europe
to escape religious persecution

Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac
was one of the most popular books during colonial times

Common foods in the colonies
were fish stew with vegetables

One way slaves contributed to society during colonial times
they had a variety of skills that could be used in cities and on plantations

Slaves in the South
worked on plantations

Slaves kept their African cultural alive
by playing drums, banjos, and supporting each other

Slaves resisted slavery by
attempting to escape

New England colonial towns
-families who lived in towns owned small plots of land in surrounding fields were they grew crops and raised animals
-workshops belonging to the blacksmith, cooper, and shoemaker were found around the town common
-the town common was an open area for cattle and sheep to graze
-the meeting house was the most important building in town

Daily life like for colonial children
-some children in towns or cities attended one-room schools
-by their teens, most worked on family farms or as apprentices
-free time was spent on chores or simple games and sports