2-Ethylnaphthalene C12H12 structure

Flashcard maker : Sara Graham

C12H12 structure
Molecular FormulaC12H12
Average mass156.224 Da
Density1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point257.8±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point104.4±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity53.6±0.3 cm3
Polarizability21.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension37.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume156.4±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -70 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -7.4 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 18745
      -7.45 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 27517, 27518
      -7.35 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 27517, 27518
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      251-252 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      104 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Experimental Solubility:

      -4.29 Egon Willighagen http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci050282s
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strongoxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Minimize exposure. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1444 (estimated with error: 55) NIST Spectra mainlib_228339, replib_21673, replib_151404, replib_379950
      1393 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 76(5), 1997, 415-423., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1400 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 76(5), 1997, 415-423., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 145 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grinberg, A.A.; Tokarev, M.I.; Bigdash, T.V.; Kogan, L.O.; Leont’eva, S.A., Special features of using Kovats retention indices in chromatomass spectrometric analysis, Zh. Anal. Khim., 39(6), 1984, 909-911, In original 1127-1129., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 145 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grinberg, A.A.; Tokarev, M.I.; Bigdash, T.V.; Kogan, L.O.; Leont’eva, S.A., Special features of using Kovats retention indices in chromatomass spectrometric analysis, Zh. Anal. Khim., 39(6), 1984, 909-911, In original 1127-1129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1382 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 423 K; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Chromosorb W HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Antal, J., Adatok az alkil-naftalinok gaz-folyadek kromatografiajahoz, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 90, 1984, 121-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1343 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1357 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1358 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1370 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1379 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1384.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1398.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1377 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L.; Ritter, E., Molekulstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. XII. Zur Retention von Alkylnaphthalinen Bei der Gasverteilungs- und Gas-Adsorptions-Chromatographie, J. Chromatogr., 174, 1979, 315-323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 30, 1975, 788-792.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1363.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Sorption-structure correlations in the series of alkyl derivatives of naphthalene, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 52(1), 1997, 21-27, In original 28-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      238.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 16 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 27(4), 2008, 344-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 79, 2007, 215-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      236.08 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 1108(2), 2006, 279-284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5MS; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Aracil, I.; Font, R.; Conesa, J.A., Semivolatile and volatile compounds from the pyrolysis and combustion of polyvinyl chloride, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 74, 2005, 465-478.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      233.44 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 230 0C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Cheng, D.-X.; Liu, B.-X.; Sun, Y.-A.; Xie, B.; Zhang, H.-L., rapid analysis of pyrolysis products of cholesterol by GC-MS assited with boiling point – Lee retention index, journal of Instrumental Analysis – Fenxi ceshi xuebao, 24(6), 2005, 85-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      236.3 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>15C/min =>180C =>5C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 939275; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Re-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other selected organic compounds in ambient air of Campo Grande City, Brazil, Atmos. Environ., 39, 2005, 2839-2850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.32 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>4C/min=>208C=>25C/min=>290C(5min); CAS no: 939275; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Sandercock, P.M.L.; du Pasquier, E., Chemical fingerprinting of unevaporated automotive gasoline samples, Forensic Sci. Int., 134, 2003, 1-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.06 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.62 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 12.5 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: PTE-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 120, 2000, 381-396.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.61 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 39(9), 1999, 1497-1512.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      234.56 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 20(2), 1997, 47-68.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      234.68 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 20(2), 1997, 47-68.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      237.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 31, 1995, 15-37.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.99 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 32, 1994, 367-382.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      237.74 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Iglesias, M.J.; Dominguez, A.; Blanco, C.G., Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon retention indices on SE-54 stationary phase of the volatile components of a coal tar pitch. Relationships between chromatographic retention and thermal reactivity, J. Chromatogr., 591, 1992, 287-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.9 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Paschke, A.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Determination of mono- to tetracyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 827-833.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.45 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 12, 1989, 552-554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.27 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.55 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1372.1 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) => 10C/min =>110C =>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of a petroleum refinery reformate standard, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1376 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Elizalde-Gonzalez, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 345-352.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1377 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Polidimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Gerasimenko, V.A., Gas chromatographic retention characteristics of bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Coke and Chemistry (Rus), , 1996, 27-31, In original 27-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1378 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Polidimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Gerasimenko, V.A., Gas chromatographic retention characteristics of bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Coke and Chemistry (Rus), , 1996, 27-31, In original 27-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Gerasimenko, V.A., Gas chromatographic retention characteristics of bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Coke and Chemistry (Rus), , 1996, 27-31, In original 27-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Polidimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Gerasimenko, V.A., Gas chromatographic retention characteristics of bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Coke and Chemistry (Rus), , 1996, 27-31, In original 27-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1384 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 147 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d’etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l’initiative du IX., , 1962, 132-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1413.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 18(3), 2000, 241-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1373.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 108 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1390 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>4C/min=>208C=>25C/min=>290C(5min); CAS no: 939275; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sandercock, P.M.L.; du Pasquier, E., Chemical fingerprinting of unevaporated automotive gasoline samples, Forensic Sci. Int., 134, 2003, 1-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1380.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1389.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1390.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1396.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1398 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1953 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 939275; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 35, 2002, 43-53.

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