2. EARLY RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS Essay

question

Early civilizations developed along major rivers about 11,000 years ago. Which of the following was included as a consequence of early civilizations? Select all correct responses.
answer

Governments and religion Mathematics and astronomy
question

Some scholars believe that before they can have true civilization, societies must develop _____.
answer

Cities
question

Select two items that a civilization must have before cities can exist.
answer

Large population of farmers Enough food
question

The modern state is normally held to be _____ development.
answer

A recent
question

The tools and processes to make things and to satisfy human needs is the definition of _____.
answer

Technology
question

The invention that made food production more efficient was the _____.
answer

Plow
question

The interdependence of an advanced society demands the division or specialization of _____.
answer

Labor
question

Isolated, self-sufficient economic units mark a more _____ economy.
answer

primitive
question

Choose the polytheistic civilizations: (Select all that apply)
answer

Greeks Romans Egyptians Indians
question

Select four elements of civilization.
answer

Technology Division of labor Commerce and trade (Missing one)
question

Put the progress of early humans in the correct order of occurrence.
answer

1. first; discovered fertile valleys 2. second; settled down and developed agrarian societies 3. third; domesticated animals 4. fourth; developed agriculture 5. fifth; formed communities and civilizations
question

Ancient Egypt was concentrated along the _____.
answer

Nile River
question

The Indus Valley is situated between what two nations?
answer

Pakistan and India
question

The Indus Valley civilization was known for its _____.
answer

Streets in a grid of rectangles (Partial)
question

The economy of these early civilizations was based on _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

Who owned everything in Egypt?
answer

Pharaoh
question

Match the civilization with its famous architecture.
answer

1. Egypt: Pyramids 2. Mesopotamia; Ziggurats 3. Indus Valley; Water tank and citadels
question

The Epic of Gilgamesh was the product of the _____ civilization.
answer

Mesopatamian
question

This civilization invented a form of writing called hieroglyphics.
answer

Egypt
question

A kind of writing that used pictures of objects is called _____.
answer

Pictographs
question

Cuneiform was a writing system developed by the _____.
answer

Sumerians
question

The Code of Hammurabi consisted of _____.
answer

A set of laws
question

The Indus Valley civilization did much of its writing on _____.
answer

Seals
question

Which civilization’s writing has never been decoded?
answer

Harappan
question

Which of the following did the Code of Hammurabi regulate?
answer

marriage slavery farming slander
question

Once there was a food surplus, complexity within early river civilizations increased, as did __________, according to the archaeological record.
answer

Trade and commerce
question

The main economic activity of Egyptian, Harappan, and Sumerian civilizations was _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

What were the names of the two groups the Egyptians traded with in Africa?
answer

Kushites and Nubians
question

What are some inventions or ideas that helped to advance trade?
answer

flat-bottomed boats carts driven by animals seagoing vessels
question

What new social classes emerged due to advancements in agriculture?
answer

artisans, laborers, and merchants
question

Trade and commerce between civilizations helped to _____.
answer

exchange new ideas spread languages share new inventions
question

Trade brought people together with the exchange of goods, raw materials, and ideas. This was possible due to:
answer

Advancements in communication
question

One example of a moral code would be _____.
answer

Code of Hammurabi
question

Monotheistic means _____.
answer

Belief in one god
question

Which river system is NOT a location of the first civilizations?
answer

Yangtze
question

The Mesopotamia region was famous for what architecture?
answer

Ziggurats
question

The economy of early civilizations was based around _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

What nation was called “the gift of the Nile”?
answer

Egypt
question

Sumer was located in a region called _____.
answer

Mesopotamia
question

Cuneiform is a type of _____.
answer

Writing
question

This ancient book tells the story of a mythical king and a worldwide flood.
answer

The Epic of Gilgamesh
question

What was needed as a surplus to help create trade between cultures?
answer

Crops
question

Trade was foundational to the growth of cities because it ______.
answer

guaranteed an exchange of goods and ideas
question

An advanced society is marked by _____.
answer

Commerce and Trade
question

What was the punishment for the majority of the first 26 laws?
answer

Death
question

What type of civilization was Babylon, according to the following law from the Code of Hammurabi? 38. A chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent cannot assign his tenure of field, house, and garden to his wife or daughter, nor can he assign it for a debt.
answer

agrarian
question

Why was the development of mathematics important in Egyptian society?
answer

It helped regulate commerce and trade. Taxes could be more accurately assessed. Better buildings could be built.
question

List the social classes of the Shang Dynasty in order.
answer

top level: Nobles second level: Priests third level: Craftsmans bottom level: Peasants/ slaves
question

The most significant contribution of the Shang Dynasty was _____.
answer

Writing
question

The mythical culture that turned out to be real was called the _____.
answer

Xia
question

Both the Shang Dynasty and the Xia Dynasty were located along which river?
answer

Yellow River
question

_____ offered strong evidence of the existance of the Xia Dynasty.
answer

Uncovering artifacts of an advanced society
question

This region is thought to be the birthplace of the plow, around 3000 B.C.
answer

Mesopotamia
question

Three benefits of the plow are _____.
answer

greater possible yields the use of residue of the remaining crops as fertilizer a reduced amount of weeds
question

Rice is the world’s third-largest crop behind _____.
answer

Wheat and Corn
question

It is believed rice originated in the regions of _____.
answer

China
question

The island of Crete was inhabited by the _____.
answer

Minoans
question

Early seafaring trade centered on the _____.
answer

Mediterranean Sea
question

What was an essential key factor in the development of civilization during this period?
answer

reliable trade networks
question

The Chinese dynasty that followed the Xia was called _____.
answer

Shang
question

Which was NOT a member of early Chinese social classes?
answer

Scribes
question

What pattern was set for future Chinese dynasties?
answer

son or closest relative rules after the king dies
question

Choose the best historical explanation of oracle bones.
answer

Royal use of questioning the future on a bone that later provided evidence of writing of the Shang Dynasty.
question

The most important contribution of the Shang Dynasty was _____.
answer

Writing
question

Three early trading cultures along the Mediterranean Sea were _____.
answer

Crete, Byblos, Ugarit
question

How is the humble plow, one of the most important inventions in history, is important to farmers? Select all correct responses.
answer

It turns the top soil and any remaing crop over, producing fertilizer. It breaks up the soil for easier planting. By turning over the soil, weeds are reduced.
question

The Minoans inhabited the island of _____.
answer

Crete
question

Shang Dynasty craftsmen were known for their _____.
answer

All of the above
question

The majority of Shang Dynasty writing was done on _____.
answer

Bamboo
question

Early traders navigated the seas with the help of the _____.
answer

North Star
question

Crete was the crossroads that linked what three cultures?
answer

Africa, Asia, Europe
question

The Minoan civilization is known for _____.
answer

architecture silk agriculture (Partial)
question

Which of the following were advanced by trade in the second millennium? Select all that apply.
answer

civilizations cultural exchanges mercantilism language development

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member