1-Acetoxyacetone C5H8O3 structure

Flashcard maker : Tilly Wilkinson

C5H8O3 structure
Molecular Formula C5H8O3
Average mass 116.115 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 153.7±23.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 51.9±22.7 °C
Molar Refractivity 27.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 10.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 29.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 111.7±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      174-176 °C Alfa Aesar
      174-176 °C Alfa Aesar H31346
      172 °C FooDB FDB012876
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      71 °C Alfa Aesar
      71 °F (21.6667 °C)
      Alfa Aesar H31346
    • Experimental Gravity:

      1.075 g/mL Alfa Aesar H31346
    • Experimental Refraction Index:

      11 FooDB FDB012876
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar H31346
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      822 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_236823, replib_249351
      839 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viani, R.; Muggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l’arome de cafe, Helv. Chim. Acta, 48(195-196), 1965, 1809-1815.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      821 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =; 2C/min =;130C =;4C/min =; 250C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of volatile generation in serine/threonine/glutamine-ribose/glucose/fructose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 643-647.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated in serine-monosaccharide model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(4), 1998, 1518-1522.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 275 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ralph, J.; Hatfield, R.D., Pyrolisys-GC-MS Characterization of Forage Materials, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1426-1437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      869 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 9 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production – influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(6), 2009, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      882 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 295 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      876 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim, M.R.; Abd El-Aty, A.M.; Kim, I.S.; Shim, J.H., Determination of volatile flavor components in danggui cultivars by solvent free injection and hydrodistillation followed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 259-264.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      861 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      883.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      868.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moldoveanu, S.C., Pyrolysis GC/MS, present and future (recent past and present needs), J. Microcolumn Sep., 13(3), 2001, 102-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1477 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1470 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -; 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -; 250 0C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of “ecological” post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition ; Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1483 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of “ecological” post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition ; Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1469 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yanagimoto, K.; Ochi, H.; Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activities of fractions obtained from brewed coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 592-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1484 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1467 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C =; 2C/min =;150C =;4C/min =; 220C; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1464.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1465 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1447.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      862 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Deport, C.; Ratel, J.; Berdague, J.-L.; Engel, E., Comprehensive combinatory standard correction: A calibration method for handling instrumental drifts of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 248-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 592201; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 153.7±23.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 3.3±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 39.1±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 51.9±22.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.399
Molar Refractivity: 27.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.33
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.06
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 22.21
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.06
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 22.21
Polar Surface Area: 43 Å2
Polarizability: 10.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 111.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = -0.19

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 147.34 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -31.21 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 1.49 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 BP (exp database): 171 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 1.519e+005
 log Kow used: -0.19 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 5.8475e+005 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 8.35E-007 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 2.74E-007 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.499E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: -0.19 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: -4.467 (HenryWin est)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 4.277
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.8733
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9932
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 3.0603 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.8869 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.8784
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.9489
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.4829
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 180 Pa (1.35 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 4.277
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 1.67E-008 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 4.65E-009 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 6.02E-007 
 Mackay model : 1.33E-006 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 3.72E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 1.2650 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 8.456 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 101.467 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 9.68E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 1
 Log Koc: 0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 1.998E+000 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 4.016 days 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 40.159 days 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
 log Kow used: -0.19 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 8.35E-007 atm-m3/mole (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
 Half-Life from Model River: 756.7 hours (31.53 days)
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 8345 hours (347.7 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 1.90 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.09 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 1.76 percent
 Total to Air: 0.05 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 5.36 203 1000 
 Water 43.8 360 1000 
 Soil 50.7 720 1000 
 Sediment 0.0807 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 402 hr




 

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