1304 kin – Flashcard

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Which of the following would be considered the most reliable source of health information?
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a medical doctor giving you a health recommendation based on a new study published by the New England Journal of Medicine
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The Health Belief Model acknowledges that people often are ambivalent toward behaviors change and presents behavior change as a process, rather than a one-step solution.
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False
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The ecological model identifies the various levels of factors that influence personal health. These levels include individual factors, relationships, community, and societal factors.
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True
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Which of the following statements about public health is incorrect?
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Public Health is the study of the health of an individual
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Which of the following is NOT a component of the WHO definition of health?
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Environmental
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Which of the following is NOT a health-related behavior choice?
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Having access to a company gym
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Health is often viewed as a continuum between premature death and complete well-being.
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False
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Which of the following factors would NOT fall into to the community level of the ecological model?
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A PERSONS SKILL SET
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Which of the following would NOT be considered a clinical trial?
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a study looking at the effects of a new drug on tumors in mice
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According to the ecological model, several levels of influence affect your personal health. Which of the following factors would be on an individual or personal level?
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Age
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Why is the Stages of Change Model often presented as a spiral?
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Because relapse is common and you may go through each stage more than once
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Which of the following would be considered an aspect of physical health, as defined by the WHO?
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cardiovascular disease
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Mallory wants to start eating healthier and exercising more often. She knows it would give her more energy and increase her overall wellness. She is currently researching nutrition and exercise plans and gathering information that will help her along her journey towards a healthy lifestyle. According to the Stages of Change Model, which stage is Mallory currently in?
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Preparation
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Jeffrey quit smoking one year ago. He has not relapse at all and feels confident in his behaviors change, although it is still a struggle to be around friends and family who are smoking. According to the Stages of Change Model, which stage is Jeffrey currently in?
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Maintenance
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A test intended to detect an increased risk for a neural tube defect or chromosomal abnormality
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Triple screen test
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If an individual is healthy, a(n) ___________________ test can be used to assess the individual’s risk for developing a particular genetic disease in the future.
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Predictive
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Genetics cannot distinguish one race of people from another.
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True
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The Human Genome Project confirms that:
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A human has the same number of genes as a mouse.
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An autosomal recessive disorder requires only one copy of a mutated gene for a disorder to be present.
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False
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The tendency to become addicted to alcohol has been found to run in families; ______________ factors, however, such as high job stress also play a critical role in the development of alcoholism
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environmental
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Most genetic disorders are caused by single-gene mutations.
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False
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Which of the following statements about DNA and genes is FALSE?
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The sequencing of bases within a gene is of little significance.
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The ___________________ was launched in 1990, as scientists organized to discuss plans to map and sequence human genetic information.
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Human Genome Project
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When a change occurs in a gene, it is called a(n):
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Mutation
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The practice of selectively breeding or controlling a group’s reproductive choices in an attempt to improve the human race is called ________________.
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Eugenics
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When an individual shows signs of an illness, a(n) _________________ test may help confirm or exclude the possibility of certain diseases.
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Diagnostic
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Twenty-two of our 23 chromosome pairs are the same for men and women and do not determine gender. These chromosomes are called ____________________.
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Autosomal chromosomes
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What information found in a family health tree indicates that a disease might have a genetic link?
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A family member with multiple cancers
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The practice of controlling a group’s reproductive choices, in an attempt to improve the human species, is called
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Eugenics
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Interactions among one or more genes and the environment cause ____________________ or traits.
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Multifactorial disorders
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Research suggests that our personality traits are inherited at conception.
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True
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Todd’s father developed Alzheimer’s disease at age 46. Todd has no symptoms, but took a genetic test to assess his risk of developing early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. What type of test did Todd undergo?
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Predictive
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The most relevant information from a family health tree includes major diseases as well as age and cause of death.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT considered a treatment for genetic disorders?
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Genetic counseling
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“I am capable of getting a good grade on this etst” is a statement reflecting
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..
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People who tend to be impulsive, who need to get things done quickly, and who are sometimes considered hostile, competitive, or impatient, are Type ____ individuals.
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a
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Which system controls our involuntary, unconscious actions?
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Autonomic nervous system
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The outlook that tends to view problems as temporary and specific is called ________.
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Optimism
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Hostility is related to coronary heart disease and premature death.
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True
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The ___________________, or stress response, prepares us with a burst of energy to deal with threats or danger
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Fight-or-flight response
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If you possess ________________, meaning you believe you have some control over a situation, you are much more likely to be successful.
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Self-efficacy
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Your brain is not fully developed until you reach your:
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Early twenties
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___________________ is a style of coping with stress that features a positive outlook, a sense of commitment, and a sense of control.
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Hardiness
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The ability to bounce back from an adverse event is known as:
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Resilience
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People with this quality tend to see problems as temporary and specific
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Optimism
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Research on positive psychology has led scientists to identify six virtues that “enable human thriving.” One of these is:
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Temperance
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Kristi’s friends all describe her as cool and less easily frustrated. Kristi most likely has which type of personality type?
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Type B
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IQ is the best predictor of success in life.
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false
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If you possess ________________, meaning you believe you have some control over a situation, you are much more likely to be successful.
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Self-efficacy
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Which of the following personality types describes people who are competitive, impulsive, need to get things done quickly, and live their lives on a time schedule?
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Type A
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Positive things we must adapt to = “good stress”
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Eustress
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The psychological, emotional, cognitive, and spiritual aspects of our lives are known as our __________ health
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Mental
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This type of intelligence involves sensitivity, empathy for others, self-discipline, and social competence:
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Emotional
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Most of an individual’s deep sleep takes place in the first third of the night.
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True
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Attempting to cancel out sleep debt by sleeping longer on the weekend is a viable solution to decreasing weekday sleep deprivation.
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FALSE
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Sleep ____________ is the difference between the amount of sleep attained and the amount of sleep needed in order to maintain alert wakefulness during the daytime.
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Debt
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The daily 24-hour cycle of physiological and behavioral functioning is called the __________________ rhythm.
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Circadian
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Scientists believe that creative and novel ideas are more likely to flourish during which state of sleep?
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REM sleep
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Light alerts the biological clock to cease secreting _________________, a hormone that promotes sleep.
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Melatonin
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_________________ is a condition characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep or by seriously disturbed sleep
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Insomnia
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Person rises out of an apparently deep sleep and acts as if awake
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Sleepwalking disorder
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Lack of sleep that disturbs the restorative process of sleep
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Sleep deprivation
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Sleep of shorter duration than the average basal need of 7 to 8 hours is called sleep ________________.
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Deprivation
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Physical Activity is defined as:
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any type of activity that requires movement
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Just under half of US college students meet the minimum recommendations for daily physical activity.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT a correct statement about Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
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It invovles bouncing movements designed to increase joint range of motion
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Which type of stretching incorporates a series of bouncing movements designed to increase joint range of motion?
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Ballistic Stretching
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Which of the following components of the acronym FITT is incorrect?
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Intervals
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The maximun amount of weight you can bench press one time (1 rep max) would be a measure of muscular strength.
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All of these
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Which type of stretching is when a partner stretches your muscle for you by applying pressure?
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Passive stretching
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Based on the lecture, which of the following does NOT satify the criteria/recommendations for cardiorespiratory fitness?
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Intensity- 50% of THR
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Short-term exercise interventions have been consistently shown to improve cognitive function.
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False
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Which of the following statements about calories is NOT correct?
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Carbohydrates are the most calorie dense macronutrient
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Insoluble fiber is important to include in your diet, because it lowers cholesterol and slows digestions, which helps maintain blood sugar levels.
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False
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The water-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K cannot be dissolved in water, so excess is stored in fat tissue. If intake is too high, toxicity can occur over time.
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False
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Which of the following is not a category of the Dietary Reference Intake?
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Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range
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Which of the following statements about complex carbohydrates is correct?
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The usually contain a high amount of vitamins, minerals, and protein
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One way to determine if bread is really whole-wheat or whole-grain is to look at nutrition facts to determine the amount of fiber per slice. Two slices of whole grain bread will contain at least 4 grams of fiber.
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True
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The UL for vitamin E is 1,500 IU. What does this number mean?
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That is the maximun amount of vitamin E one should consume in a day to avoid toxicity
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Trans fats are produced through the process of hydrogenation and pose a great health risk. Trans fats should be avoided, as much as possible. The state of California has even banned the use of trans fats in restaurants completely.
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True
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Which of the following statements about vitamins and minerals is correct?
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There are 20 essential minerals that must be included in the diet
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The vitamin A RDA for men is 3,000 IU. What does this number mean?
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That is the amount of vitamin A that should be consumed daily to avoid vitamin A deficiency
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The AMDR for dietary fat is 20-35%. What do these numbers mean?
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If you consume 2,000 calories per day, 400-700 calories should come from fat sources
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Which of the following statements about fats is correct?
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Fats can be either saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated
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The most important consideration for intake of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids is the ratio in which they are consumed. In general, Americans consume too much Omega 6, and not enough Omega 3.
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True
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Which of the following statements about water is correct?
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Drinking adequate amounts of water can help replenish electrolyte stores and maintain fluid balance
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Which of the following is the correct description of the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)?
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quantity of each nutrient to meet the needs of most healthy people
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Carbohydrates should make up 45-65% of your total caloric intake each day. You should focus on consuming complex carbohydrates, which include more vitamins, minerals, and fiber than simpe or refined carbohydrates. Some examples of complex carbohydrates include brown rice, fruits and vegetables, and whole grain breads and pastas.
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True
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Which of the following statements about carbohydrates is NOT correct?
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Carbohydrates contain 9 calorie per gram
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Jack wants to lose weight. He has decided to set some physical activity goals to help him achieve the weight loss. He is a full-time student during the day and also works 4-5 evenings as a server at a popular restaurant, so he doesn’t have much free time to schedule formal workouts. Which of the following goals would not be considered SMART goals?
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Despite his busy schedule, Jack wants to try to exericse for at least an hour 6 days a week. He plans to buys a membership at a gym across town.
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Which of the following individuals falls outside of the healthy, ideal range of body fat percentages?
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A female athlete with 8% body fat
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Which of the following are useful behavior management tools?
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All of these
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According to the most recent statistics, which of the following is correct?
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Two-thirds of American adults are overweight
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Obesity is a multifactorial problem, that can rarely be attributed to a single cause or factor. Which of the following factors would NOT increase a person’s risk for becoming obese?
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Having two healthy weight parents
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Which of the following statements about energy balance is correct?
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The main determinant of daily energy expenditure is your basal metabolic rate
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When you calculate your daily energy requirements, which of the following factors is not included in the calculation?
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Adaptive thermogenesis
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Which of the following questions is NOT used to determine if you are currently at a health body weight?
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Do you have a attractive, fit appearance or figure?
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A sudden, unintentional loss of weight can indicate several different health problems, including:
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All of the above
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Which of the following is NOT a component of the obesogenic environment?
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A high number of fitness centers and parks throughout a neighborhood
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According to the lecture, which of the following are the appropriate treatments for an individual with hypertension?
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-maintain a healthy body weight -reduce dietary salt intake -regular exercise
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According to the lecture, which of the following are considered an appropriate treatment for an individual who has high cholesterol?
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-consume a diet low in fats and cholesterol -exercise regularly -lose excess fat weight
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The Cardiovascular disease risk for an entering college freshman who is overweight, smoking, and has hypertension is 200% greater than a healthy student.
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True
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The metabolic syndrome is closely linked to insulin resistance.
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True
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The most appropriate laboratory method to determine cholesterol profile is accomplished using which type of sample?
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Blood
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The key finding of the Framingham Heart Study was that…
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the identified risk factors predicted stroke
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What percentage of the US population still smokes?
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35%
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According to the lecture, hypertension is present when both systolic (>120 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (>80 mmHg) are elevated.
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False
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The CDC recently reported that what 35% of Americans will develop Hypertension in the lifetime.
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False
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Which of the following statements are correct concerning the blood cholestrol profile of a healthy individual?
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-LDL should not exceed 100 -total cholesterol should not exceed 200 -HDL should exceed 60
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The average age for the diagnosis of prostate cancer is 73.
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True
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As of 2001, the estimated number of cancer surviors was…
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10,000,000
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Healthy lifestyle factors, which are known to decrease ones risk of developing cancer are…
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-Minimal alcohol consumption -Good nutritional habits -Regular physical activity -No tobacco use
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In which of the following groups of individuals is cancer the leading cause of death?
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Women aged 35-74
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How many cancer deaths each year can be attributed to colon/rectal cancer?
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12%
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Prostate cancer is most common in men younger than the age of 50.
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False
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How often should one apply sunscreen to prevent the development of skin cancer?
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Every 60 minutes
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As of 2005, about 33% of all cancer deaths could be attributed to poor nutritional habits.
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True
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What are the most common forms of cancer in men?
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-Colon -Prostate -Lung
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As of 2005, about 66% of all cancer deaths could be attributed to use of tobacco products.
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False

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