Zoology Study Guide

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Porifera
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Porifera
sponges.

-invertibrate
-asymetrical symmetry
-some sponges are amebocytes
-has spicules to give the sponge structuse

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Cnidaria
sea anemones, corals, and sea fans.

-have stinging cells called nematocysts
-radial symmetry
-produce asexually
-two major body plans: polyp and medusa

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Platyhelminthes
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Platyhelminthes
flatworms.

-bilateral symmerty
-flat
-can be up to 10 meters long
-are flukes and parasites

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Annelida
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Annelida
earth worms, segmented worms.

-have closed circulatory system
-reproduce sexually and asexually
-have bodies made up of many linked sections called segments
-have open digestive system (mouth and anus)

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Mollusca
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Mollusca
snails, clams, squid.

-bilateral symmetry
-mouth and anus
-body parts are not usually repeated
-open circulatory system (except cephalopods)

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Arthropoda
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Arthropoda
spiders, insects.

-bilateral symmetry
-sexual reproduction
-most have exoskeleton
-can molt

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Echinodermata
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Echinodermata
star fish.

-live in salt water
-13,000 species
-invertebrate
-radial symmetry

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata
fish, dogs.

-vertebrates
-bilateral symmetry
-closed circulatory system
-have segmented bodies

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata - Class Aves
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata – Class Aves
birds.

-have a gizzard
-only animal with feather
-have two types of feathers
-started to appear 140 million years ago

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata - Class Amphibia
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata – Class Amphibia
frogs, salamanders.

-have a three chambered heart
-breathes though lungs and heart
-frogs give birth to living young
-simple body structure

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata - Class Reptilia
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata – Class Reptilia
turtles, snakes, lizards.

-lay eggs on land
-cold blooded
-some reptiles lay eggs without having sex
-many different feeding strategies

Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata - Class Aves Mammalia
Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Chordata – Class Aves Mammalia
yaks, apes.

-warb blooded
-mammary glands
-have molars
-bilateral symmetry

Kingdom Animalia
Kingdom Animalia
fox, cats.

-reproduce sexually and asexually
-all living things
-require oxygen
-has over 2 million species

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