WWII Flashcards Answers

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Joseph Stalin
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Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
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Totalitarian
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A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
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Benito Mussolini
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Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power.
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Fascism
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A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
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Adolf Hitler
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Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocaust.
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Nazism
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Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
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Francisco Franco
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Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
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Neutrality Acts
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The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, or sell or transport munitions to a belligerent nation, or make loans to a belligerent. This displayed that America was not willing to go to war and desired to remain neutral and isolationist.
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Neville Chamberlain
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1938; gullible British Prime Minister; declared that Britain and France would fight if Hitler attacked Poland.
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Winston Churchill
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A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
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Appeasement
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A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain’s policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.
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Non-aggression pact
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1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
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Blitzkrieg
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\”Lighting war\”, typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
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Charles de Gaulle
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French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
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Holocaust
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A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
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Kristallnacht
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(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
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genocide
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Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
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ghetto
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A poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
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concentration camp
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prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
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Axis powers
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Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
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Lend Lease Act
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allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
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Atlantic Charter
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1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
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Allies
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Britain, France, and Russia- Later joined by Italy
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Hideki Tojo
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Hideki Tojo was the Army general and prime minister who led Japan through much of World War II and was later executed as a war criminal. In the 1930s, Hideki Tojo fought in the Sino-Japanese war, leading Japanese forces in occupied Manchuria.
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Adolf Hitler,
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Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
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Nazism,
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Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
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Francisco Franco,
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Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini

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