World History- Ancient Greece

Flashcard maker : Stephanie Landry
Knossos
an ancient Minoan city on the island of Crete
Shrine
altar, chapel, or other sacred place
fresco
colorful painting completed on wet plaster
Trojan War
in Greek epic poems and myths. a ten-year war between Mycenae and the city of Troy in Asia Minor
Strait
narrow water passage
Homer
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Polis
city-state in ancient Greece
Acropolis
highest and most fortified point within a Greek city-state
Citizen
a native or resident of a town or city
Monarchy
government in which a king or queen exercises central power
Aristocracy
government headed by a privileged minority or upper class
Oligarchy
government in which ruling power belongs to a few people
Phalanx
in ancient Greece, a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
Sparta
city-state in ancient Greece
Athens
city-state in ancient Greece
Democracy
government ruled by the people
Tyrant
in ancient Greece, ruler who gained power by force
Legislature
lawmaking body
Alliance
formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another’s defense
Pericles
A prominent and influential statesman of ancient Athens (ca. 495-429 B.C.E.), he presided over Athens’s Golden Age.
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Stipend
fixed salary
Jury
a panel of citizens who have the authority to make the final judgement in a trial
Ostracism
Athenian citizens could also vote to banish, or send away, a public figure whom they saw as a threat to their democracy
Philosopher
lovers of wisdom
Logic
rational thinking
Rhetoric
the art of skillful speaking
Socrates
Athenian stonemason and philosopher
Plato
Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was his theory of Forms, in which there was another world of perfection.
Aristotle
Plato’s most famous student
Parthenon
a temple dedicated to goddess Athena
Tragedy
plays that told stories of human suffering that usually ended in disaster
Comedy
humorous plays that mocked people or customs
Herodotus
\”Father of History\”
Alexander The Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Phillip II
336 BC, was an ancient Greek king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336. He was the father of Alexander the Great.
Assassination
murder of a public figure by surprise attack
Assimilate
To absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar
Pythagoras
(582?-500?BCE) Greek mathematician responsible for the Pythagorean Theorem.
Heliocentric
Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Archimedes
(287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor.
Hippocrates
\”Founder of Medicine\”
Name two famous Greek City- States?
Athens and Sparta
Who is the main god on Mount Olympus?
Zeus
Who is the Greek god of the underworld?
Hades
Who is the Greek god of the sea?
Poseidon
Who is the Greek goddess of love?
Aphrodite
The island of Crete is part of what country?
Greece
Who were the Spartans fighting against when they blocked the mountains pass in the movie \”300\” ?
Persians
Themistocles developed something that the Greeks could utilize to sink enemy ships. What was this invention?
Greek Fire

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