Walegur – Geography M01 – Chapter 4

question

The Sun’s radiant energy reaches above the Earth across space in approximately __.
answer

8 minutes
question

Which wavelengths are most poorly transmitted through the atmosphere?
answer

longwaves
question

The only major country still using Fahrenheit temperature scale is __.
answer

U.S.A.
question

The albedo of the Earth’s system has been determined to be __ percent.
answer

31
question

Earth’s reradiation to space consists mainly of __ rays.
answer

shortwave
question

The specific heat of water is greater than that of land. This means that water __ more slowly than land does.
answer

cools
question

For the most part, the atmosphere is heated directly from the __.
answer

Earth’s surface
question

A temperature inversion is mainly an inversion of the __.
answer

normal lapse rate
question

The process of evaporation of liquid water to vapor releases stored energy called __.
answer

latent heat
question

With respect to absorption of solar radiation, it is understood that __ are the most efficient absorbers.
answer

dark colored objects
question

The extremely low surface temperatures in the Antarctic in July clearly demonstrate the influence of __.
answer

greater cooling of land than water.
question

Solar energy and terrestrial reradiation are usually measured in units of length called __.
answer

micrometers
question

The absorption of longwave radiation in the atmosphere is popularly called __.
answer

the Greenhouse Effect
question

In the Northern Hemisphere, about __ percent of the surface is land.
answer

76
question

In the Southern Hemisphere, about __ percent of the surface is land.
answer

19
question

The energy emitted from the Sun is a product of __.
answer

fusion
question

Adiabatic processes cause cooling by __.
answer

decompression
question

At 0 Kelvins, __.
answer

molecular motion stops
question

Advection is a __ wind movement.
answer

horizontal
question

The longest of all visible light waves are __.
answer

red
question

Only __ of the Sun’s energy reaches the Earth.
answer

2 billionth
question

Radiation from the Earth is mostly absorbed in the lower troposphere and __ back towards Earth.
answer

reradiatiated
question

About __ percent of the total insolation is directly absorbed by the air.
answer

22
question

The map of world average annual temperature range shows __ to have the greatest range.
answer

eastern siberia
question

Which substance is the best transmitter of solar energy?
answer

air
question

The higher latitudes receive much less intense insolation than tropic zones because of __.
answer

Sun’s angle of incidence
question

Heat transferred laterally in the atmosphere by horizontal wind movement is a process called __.
answer

advection
question

In the electromagnetic spectrum, visible light occupies the band between 0.4 and 0.7 __.
answer

micrometers
question

The solar energy reaching Earth travels a distance of __ million kilometers.
answer

150
question

__ objects radiate in shorter wavelengths than __ objects.
answer

hot; cold
question

Most of the radiation incident upon the Earth falls within the __ part of the spectrum.
answer

shortwave
question

The phenomenon of Rayleigh scattering is most closely associated with which visible electromagnetic wavelengths?
answer

blue
question

The reddish tint of the Sun at sunset results from __.
answer

scattering
question

The freezing point of water is __ on the Kelvin scale.
answer

273
question

What is the most prolific producer of carbon dioxide?
answer

The burning of fossil fuels

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