US History CP Unit 2

Flashcard maker : Josephine Mack
fort necessity
in pennsylvania, french attacked colonists July 3, colonist surrendered next day, George Washingtons only surrender of his whole career
fort duquesne
french made it, at convergence of allegheny, monongahela, and pittsburgh rivers
albany congress
1754, albany, new york, attended by new york, maryland, and pennsylvania
albany plan of union
proposed by Ben Franklin, all colonies would come together under one government to fight the french (does not work), each colony was only concerned with itself and feared taxation
general edward braddock
given task to lead british forces to crush the french, failed, killed outside of fort duquesne
what was the year England officially declares war?
1756
compare and contrast the british military and colonial militias (essay question)
british- had an organized military, felt they should be in charge of colonial troops, wanted colonies should pay their own defense.
colonial- had no organized army, used guerilla tactics, didn’t want to follow british or pay british taxes
william pitt
become british foreign minister, pittsburgh named after him, came up with a compromise: if the colonists and militias are loyal to the british, the british would reimburse colonies for the war and remove the unliked virginia governor
treaty of paris of 1763
ended french and indian war, france lost all territory east of mississippi river, spain got french land west of the mississippi river, spain lost florida, england got all french land in india and caribbean slave trade
what effects did the French and Indian war have on BOTH the colonies and British? (essay question 2)
effects on england- increased their empire in Americas, increased their debt, felt colonies needed to pay for war and by organized
effects on colonies-united colonies for the first time, bitter feelings toward england
pontiacs rebellion
uprising by indians against the british, fort pitt-british soldiers infected indians with smallpox, british won
what two ethnic groups came to the colonies in the 1700s?
scott-irish and germans
what did the tobacco coast reference?
virginia and maryland (they provided 25 million pounds of tobacco)
what percent of the south is slaves?
40%
backcountry
area away from coast, more inland, mostly unsettled, early 1700s only indians lived there, in later 1700s over 250,000 settlers went into this area (scot-irish and germans)
what four major cities became booming trade centers during the time period?
boston, new york, philadelphia, and charleston
what four colonies did most immigrant go to?
new york, pennsylvania, carolinas, georgia
harvard
1636, cambridge massachusetts
yale
1701, new haven, connecticut
william and mary
1693 williamsburg, virginia
dartmouth
1769, hanover, new hampshire
brown
1764, providence, rhode island
columbia
1754, new york city
rutgers
1766, piscataway, new jersey
university of pennsylvania
1740, philadelphia

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