US-History Chapter 30

Flashcard maker : James Storer
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnams Ruler who was a communist
Vietminh
an organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from French
domino theory
the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
Dien Bien Phu
French Outpost which got overran by Vietminh in 1954
Ganeva Accords
a 1954 peace agreement that divided Vietnam into Communist-controlled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956
Ngo Dinh Diem
South Vietnams president, strong anti-Communist
Vietcong
the South Vietnamese Communists who, with North Vietnamese support, fought against the government of South Vietnam in the Vietnam war
Ho Chi Minh Trail
a network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
a resolution adopted by Congress in 1964, giving the president broad powers to wage war in Vietnam
Robert McNamara
secretary of defense
Dean Rusk
Secretary of state
William Westmoreland
a General in South Vietnam
Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)
the southern Vietnamese soldiers with whom US troops fought against communism and forces in the North during the Vietnam War
napalm
a gasoline-based substance used in bombs that US planes dropped in Vietnam in order to burn away jungle and expose Vietcong hideouts
Agent Orange
a toxic leaf-killing chemical sprayed by the US planes in Vietnam to expose Vietcong hideouts
search-and-destroy mission
a US military raid on the South Vietnamese village, intended to root out villagers with ties to the Vietcong but often resulting in the destruction of the village and the displacement of its inhabitants
credibility gap
a public distrust of statements made by the government
draft
required enrollment in the armed services
New Left
youth dominated political movement of the 1960s embodied in such organizations as Students Democratic Society and the Free Speech Movement
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
an antiestablishment New Left group, founded in 1960, that called for greater individual freedom and responsibility
hawk
a person who supported US involvement in the Vietnam War and believed that the US should use increased military force to win
dove
a person who opposed the Vietnam War and believed that the US should withdraw from it
Tet offensive
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities early in 1968
Clark Clifford
a friend and supporter of the president´s Vietnam policy
Robert Kennedy
John F. Kennedy´s brother and a senator from New York
Eugene McCarthy
Senator in Minnesota
Hupert Humphrey
Johnson´s vice-president
George Wallace
Former Alabama governor as third party candidate in the election against nixon
Richard Nixon
Got elected as president in 1969
Henry Kissinger
national Security Adviser
Vietnamization
president Nixon´s strategy for ending US involvement in the Vietnam War, involving the gradual withdrawal of US troop and their replacement with South Vietnamese forces
silent majority
a name given by president Richard Nixon to moderate, mainstream Americans who quietly supported his Vietnam war policies
My Lai
a village in northern South Vietnam where more than 200 unarmed civilians, including women and children, were massacred by US troops in May 1968
Kent State university
an Ohio university where national Guardsmen opened fire on students protesting the Vietnam War on May 4, 1970, wounding nine and killing four
Pentagon Papers
a 7000-page document – leaked to the press in 1971 by the former Defense Department worker Daniel Ellsberg – revealing that the US government had not been honest about its intentions in the Vietnam war
War powers act (WPA)
a law enacted in 1973, limiting a presidents right to send troops into battle without consulting Congress

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