US History Chapter 16

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Joseph Stalin
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Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
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totalitarian
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Government that has complete control over its citizens and puts down all opposition
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Benito Mussolini
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Fascist dictator of Italy
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fascism
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Political system based on a strong, centralized government headed by a dictator
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Adolf Hitler
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Nazi dictator of Germany
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Nazism
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Fascist political philosophy of Germany under Nazi dictator Hitler
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Francisco Franco
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Fascist dictator of Spain
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Neutrality Acts
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Laws passed by Congress to ban the sale of arms or loans to nations at war
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Neville Chamberlain
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Prime minister of Great Britain before World War II
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Winston Churchill
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Prime minister of Great Britain during World War II
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appeasement
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Trying to pacify an aggressor in order to keep the peace
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nonaggression pact
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Agreement between Germany and Russia not to fight each other
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blitzkrieg
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Lightning war strategy used by Germany against Poland
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Charles de Gaulle
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Head of the French government in exile in England
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Holocaust
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Systematic murder of 11 million Jews and other people in Europe by the Nazis
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Kristallnacht
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Name given the night of November 9, 1938, when Nazis in Germany attacked Jews, their businesses, and their synagogues
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genocide
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Deliberate and systematic killing of an entire people
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ghetto
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A segregated neighborhood
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concentration camp
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Prison camps operated by the Nazis where Jews and others were starved while doing slave labor, or murdered
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Axis powers
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Germany, Italy, and Japan
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Lend-Lease Act
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Law that allowed lending or leasing arms to any nation \”whose defense was vital to the United States\”
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Atlantic Charter
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British and American statement of goals for fighting World War II
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Allies
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Group of nations, including the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, who opposed the Axis powers
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Hideki Tojo
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Prime minister of Japan during World War II

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