Unit 8 – History

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USS Maine Explodes
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A) American battleship exploded in Cuban territory, suspected that it was on purpose, killed Americans. B) Sparked Spanish American War C) Spanish American War, USS Maine D) Imperialism Era
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Spanish-American War
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A) Conflict fought for the liberation of Cuba as well as economic interests. B) America Wins, Cuban independence is secured, America is revealed as a superpower. C) Spanish-American conflict, Superpowers D)Imperialism Era
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US Captured the Phillipines
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A) US helped free Phillipines from Spanish, then took it as their own annex. B) Start of American Imperialism C) Imperialism, Phillipines D) Imperialism Era
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John Hay Issues the Open Door Policy
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A)Was the Secretary of State in 1899; dispatched the Open Door Notes to keep the countries that had spheres of influence in China from taking over China and closing the doors on trade between China and the U.S. B) it gave the united states access to millions of consumers in china C) Open Door/ John Hay D)Imperialistic Era
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Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
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A) 1903 agreement between panama and us that gave us a 99 year lease to build a canal on a ten mile ide strip of land across panama isthmus. B) It gives the US rights to use the canal and establishes a canal zone for US ships perpetually. The treaty also became a source of conflict between Panama and the US which later results in what Panamanians call Martyr Day C) Treaty/ 1903 D) Imperialistic Era
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Roosevelt Corollary
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A) (TR) , Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic B)In 1904 the government of the Dominican Republic went bankrupt and Theodore Roosevelt feared that Germany and other nations might intervene forcibly to collect their debts. In response, Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary (to the Monroe Doctrine) as part of an 1904 message to Congress. Roosevelt and later U.S. presidents cited the corollary to justify U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico and Haiti. C) Roosevelt/ Bankrupt D) Imperialistic Era
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Gentlemans Agreement
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A) an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S. B) In the wake of Japanese military victories over the Chinese and the Russians as well as following the turmoil of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and a resultant segregation order by the San Francisco Board of Education against Japanese and Korean schoolchildren, President Theodore Roosevelt’s federal government negotiated a Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan that defused threats of war, ended the segregation order, and limited Japanese immigration. C) Japan/ Immigration D) Imperialistic Era
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William Randolph Hearst
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A)A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate “yellow (sensationalist) journalism.” B)He envisioned himself as the great leader of American thinking. An example of this was his itch to start a war ,the one he happened upon was the Spanish-American war, one of the most purposeless killing-fests ever held by humans. That was the kind of greatness he was good at — raising the trivial to the allegedly significant. C) Newspaper/ War D) Imperialistic Era
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Joseph Pulitzer
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A)United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911) B) Pulitzer introduced the techniques of “new journalism” to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s and became a leading national figure in the Democratic part C) Newspaper/ Democracy D) Imperialistic Era
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Emilio Aguinaldo
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A)Emilio Aguinaldo was a Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence. B) He and his follower were the one who staged the cry of pugad lawin which started the philippine revolt. he and so as the other heroes of the philippines paved the way to an independence. Aguinaldo then became the president of the 1st philippine republic C) Spain/ Independence D) Imperialistic Era
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Imperialism
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A)A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically. B)Imperialism was important because of the fact that it led to globalization. Nations were pushing outward. They were expanding and reaching the far edges of the globe. C) Imperialism/ Globilization D)Imperialistic Era
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Alfred T Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power upon History
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A)most effective imperialist: Alfred Thayer Mahan – country’s strength measured by naval power = productive domestic economy, foreign trade, strong merchant marine, navy, and colonies (Hawaii and Pacific islands) B) Mahan was one of the foremost proponents of the “vigorous foreign policy” referred to by Turner. Mahan believed that the U.S. economy would soon be unable to absorb the massive amounts of industrial and commercial goods being produced domestically, and he argued that the United States should seek new markets abroad. C) Sea Power/ World Power D) Imperialistic Era
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Josiah Strong, Our Country
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A)written in 1885 intended to promote domestic missionary activity in the American West. It may have encouraged support for imperialistic United States policy among American Protestants. He pleaded for more missionary work in the nation’s cities, and for reconciliation to end racial conflict. He was one of the first to warn that Protestants (most of whom lived in rural areas or small towns) were ignoring the problems of the cities and the working classes. B) Strong called for Anglo-Saxons to spread their superior institutions and values to “inferior races” in the American West. Civilizing “savages,” he said, would be both good for the uncivilized peoples and for the American economy. Many of those in favor of global expansion in the late nineteenth century found inspiration in this work. C) Strong/ Protestants D) Imperialistic Era
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White mans burden
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A)idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized B) Led to support imperialism C) Civilization/ Strong Government D) Imperialistic Era
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jingoism
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A) extreme and emotional nationalism, or chauvinism, often characterized by an aggressive foreign policy, accompanied by an eagerness to wage war. Iran and Israel’s extreme jingoism creates fear for its inhabitants. B) It’s a term used when governments are xenxophobic and express that through policy. The United States exhibited this during the turn of the twentieth century. It’s a fear and dislike of foreign nations and using aggressive policy including threats to enforce that policy. C) nationalism, foreign policy D)Imperialistic Era
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Yellow Journalism
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A)Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers. B)exposed multiple corruptions C) Corruption, Progressives D)Imperialstic Era
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De Lome Letter
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A)Spanish Ambassador’s letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898. B)The De Lome Letter was a letter that was written by Enrique Dupuy de Lme. Enrique Dupuy de Lme was the Spanish Minister. The significance of the letter lies in the fact that it causes so much chaos among the people. In the letter, Enrique Dupuy de Lme said that President William McKinley was weak, among other insults. The letter was published in the New York Journal for the world to see. Only a week after it was published, the USS Maine sank. C) Newspapers/ Chaos D)Imperialistic Era
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Rough Riders
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A)The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba. B)Teddy Roosevelt’s group of volunteer solders who won a very important battle in Cuba. C) War/ Victory D)Imperialistic Era
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Teller Amendment
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A)This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone. B) Convinced Americans that war was for cuban independence. C) Control/ Cuba D)Imperialistic Era
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Platt Amendment
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A) 1) Cuba makes no treaty with others if in endangers independence 2) can’t borrow money if they can’t pay back 3)US can get involved with Cuba affairs 4)US has navy there B)As a result, Cuba became increasingly dependent upon the United States. With the exception of the rights to Guantanamo Bay, the Platt Amendment was repealed in 1934. Example of US gunboat diplomacy and neocolonialism during the beginning of the twentieth centry a policy that would continue until the 1930s depression era C) D)Imperialistic Era

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