Unit 5

Today, juveniles have all the same due process rights as adults.
False
The harshest disposition that a juvenile judge can impose is
Commitment to a residential facility
According to many historians, the establishment of the first juvenile court was the child-saving movement’s greatest accomplishment.
True
William Blackstone believed that children should be held accountable for their actions at what age?
14
After apprehending a juvenile offender, a law enforcement officer can release the juvenile to his or her parents without notifying the court.
true
Disposition is the juvenile equivalent of an adult’s
sentencing
Laws that require juveniles accused of certain crimes to be tried as adults are called
Statutory exclusions
The first juvenile court was intended for children of what age group?
under 16
The authority of both the adult court system and the juvenile system to hear juvenile cases is referred to as
Concurrent jurisdiction
Adjudication is the juvenile equivalent of an adult’s
Conviction
On average, juveniles enjoyed lighter sentences during the 1980s and 1990s.
False
The first juvenile court in the United States was established in what state?
Illinois
There is a national standard that all states follow when handling juvenile offenders.
False
The defense may present evidence in an adjudicatory hearing.
True
Which of the following is NOT a right granted to juveniles under the Supreme Court case In re Gault?
The right to a jury trial
Approximately how many cases are heard by juvenile courts each year?
1,000,000
Anthony Platt’s book The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency is no longer relevant to the field of juvenile justice.
false
For what offense was Gerald Gault sentenced to six years in juvenile detention?
Making an obscene phone call
A judge in a juvenile court can dispose a juvenile runaway to a residential facility.
False
Schools can refer students to juvenile courts.
true
Juveniles may be convicted of status offenses.
false
The child-savers were accused of trying to control which populations?
Lower classes and immigrants
Skipping school is considered what type of offense?
status offense
Of those juvenile offenders apprehended by law enforcement, what fraction is referred to the courts?
two-thirds
Most offenders are referred to juvenile court by
Law Enforcement officers
In Florida, who performs a risk assessment to determine whether a juvenile should be detained prior to the court hearing?
A juvenile probation officer
What is the standard of proof applied to Florida juvenile court cases?
Beyond a reasonable doubt
In Florida, juvenile offenders sent to a maximum risk residential facility will stay there for how long?
18 to 36 months
The Juvenile Court Act of 1899 banned the incarceration of children under the age of
12
The social reformers of the child-saving movement were also referred to as
Progressives

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