The Evolution and Challenges of Communication and Social Networking Technology

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Communication and social networking are human activities as ancient as humanity itself. Throughout history people communicated with each other by
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speech, writing, printing; and more recently in the last century, telegraph, telephone, photography, motion pictures, audio and video recorders, and radio and television broadcasting.
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Contemporary computer based communication and social networking technology, however, emerged only in the last
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forty years.
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The first contemporary communication technology to develop was
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electronic mail, or email.
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Email technology actually predates
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the Internet and the World Wide Web
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In 1973 email was implemented on
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the ARPANET of the Department of Defense via the File Transfer Protocol (FTP).`
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he current Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) was introduced as
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an Internet Standard in 1982.
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SMTP communicates by using
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a message envelope separate from the message (header and body) itself.
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It is estimated that in 2010, 294 billion emails were sent each day by
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1.9 billion genuine email users. Every second more than 2.8 million emails were sent out.
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Email has largely replaced
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the traditional letter to become the primary means of interpersonal communication.
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In addition to the relatively \”old-fashioned\” but still most widely used email, newer and faster communication like
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social networking technologies have been developed and commercialized in recent years quicker than any historian can keep up with them.
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If one had to be an \”Hourly Man\” to keep pace with email, then one has to be a \”Minute Man\” or \”Second Man\” to stay abreast of
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QQ or Twitter.
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Almost every new post-email communication and social networking technology was launched when
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at the turn of the twenty-first century.
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Communication can be divided into the following preliminary categories which are
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Email, Social Networking, Instant Messaging, Broadcast Messaging, Cultural Sharing Community, Virtual Environment,
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Types of email are
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gmail, yahoo, aolmail, myspace, windows live hotmail.
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Types of social networking are
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Facebook, myspace, linked in
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types of Instant Messaging are
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AIM, QQ, windows live, yahoo, skype
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types of broadcast messenging
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twitter
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types of cultural sharing communities are
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you tube and flickr
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Type of virtual environment are
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second life
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The rapid evolution of contemporary computer based communication and social networking technology has exerted profound influences on society in multiple areas such as
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culture, politics, economy, and international relations.
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In international relations, in addition to the prominent roles played by Facebook and Twitter in the Arab Uprising, Sweden and a few other countries have opened
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virtual embassies on the Diplomacy Island of Second Life to promote their national image and culture.
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The U.S. State Department has used Facebook as a diplomatic tool to promote
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democracy in the world.
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Robert Ford, the American ambassador to Syria who slipped out of the country in October 2011, has posted extensive content criticizing Syrian president Bashar al-Assad to what social network?
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Facebook and offering public sympathy for Syrian rebels.
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Facebook, Twitter, and other social media were utilized in politics in the
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2012 presidential election campaign
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Social media technology has altered social behavior and interpersonal relations for millions of users. Facebook, for example, allows users to
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continuously stay in touch with friends, relatives and other acquaintances wherever they are in the world, as long as there is access to the Internet. It can also unite people with common interests and beliefs through groups and other pages.
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Facebook can nables people to be more social, but it can also cause
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increased antisocial tendencies because people are not directly communicating with each other.
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Studies on social media use have shown increases in
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infidelity and devoice.
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In another wide spread cultural phenomena, a series of new words and abbreviations used in texting and Instant Messaging have been added to the English vocabulary, such as
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mouse potato, ringtone, LOL, LOLO, OMG, SYL.

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