The Arms Race And The Space Race Test Questions

Flashcard maker : Paulina Ratliff
Based on the graph, defense spending in the United States
increased during the arms race against the USSR.
In 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a treaty stating that
all nuclear testing would be held underground.
What was the link between the launch of Sputnik I and the National Defense Educational Act?
The National Defense Education Act was created in response to the launch of Sputnik I.
Why did the United States create the National Defense Education Act?
to fund science education
After the success of the Sputnik launch in 1957, the US feared that
the Soviets had superior nuclear capabilities.
In October of 1957, the Soviet Union shocked the United States by
launching the satellite Sputnik I.
Which of the following is the best definition of the term nuclear deterrence?
the idea that the threat of nuclear war was enough to stop an attack
The first person to orbit Earth in a spacecraft was
Yuri Gagarin.
NASA’s first attempt to achieve human space flight was called the
Mercury program.
Which of the following was a consequence of testing the H-bomb?
radiation sickness
How did the concept of mutually assured destruction influence the Cold War?
It reminded people that a nuclear war would be devastating for everyone.
How does the concept of competition relate to the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
The two nations wanted to best one another in the development and stockpiling of nuclear weapons, which drove the competition between them.
Why did the US suffer a loss of confidence following the launch of Sputnik I?
The US assumed that they would be first into space, before the Soviets.
Which of the following was a NASA program that served as a bridge between human space flight and the moon landing?
gemini
Why was the Gemini program valuable to future space programs?
Gemini astronauts worked to perfect methods of re-entry and landing.

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