Texas Government: Central Government, Federal and State Governments, The Texas Constitution

A belief that government is designed to promote the public good describes the ______ political culture.Moralistic
According to Daniel Elazar, Traditionalistic political cultures are found where?TX, AZ, FL, MS, AL
Political culture is a term used to describebroad definitions for each category help understand state-level differences (moralistic, tradition, and individualistic)
Texas political culture?A blend of traditional and moralistic
Define the historic characteristics that make up Texas political culture?Cattle, Crude, Cotton
By ______, all major statewide elected offices in Texas were controlled by Republicans2002
Provincialism is best defined asa narrow view of the world (The point about provincialism reflects business and government orientations)
Which political groups have traditionally had the least influence on Texas politics?Labor Unions
Which political groups have traditionally dominated the political culture of Texas?Business Interest
Houston is found in the ________Gulf Coast Region
Know the Great Plains region of Texas?A little of the panhandle and below it a little as well
Big Bend is found in what region of Texas?Basin and Range Provinces
______ is the system, common in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, by which farmers would be lent land and equipment in exchange for part of the profitsSharecropping
Who led the Grange and Populist movements of the late nineteenth century?Tenant farmers
When in Texas history did cattle become big business?After civil war
Event that occurred at Spindletop, Texas?Oil was discovered
The regulation of oil and energy in Texas is performed byRailroad Commission
______ was the chief economic product of Texas during the early twentieth centuryOil
NAFTA?North American Free trade Agreement b/w Mexico, Canada, and America
Approximately what percentage of the current population of Texas is Hispanic?37%
In 1944, the Supreme Court case Smith v. Allwright endedwith the Court overruling its decision in Grovery, Townshend (1935) and found the restrictions against African Americans unconstitutional. (voting rights against 15th Amendment)
Which racial or ethnic group in Texas is concentrated in East Texas?African American
What was Stephen F. Austin’s role in the development of Texas?He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas.
Which city in Texas currently has the largest population?Houston
Dallas developed in the late nineteenth century as a result ofthe intersection of two railroads
Historically, the economy of Fort Worth has been associated with what industry?Cattle ?
The economy of San Antonio rests on?Cattle ?
In his book, Governor Perry alleged that federal power grew at the expense of state sovereignty through?The ratification of the 17th Amendment, the 16th Amendment, federal programs designed to redistribute wealth, the New Deal (NOT the Tea Party movement)
Congress gained the power to tax income through16th Amendment
State legislatures lost the power to appoint their U.S. senators under17th Amendment
Both federal and state governments obtain sovereignty directly fromthe consent of the people
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is the legal basisfor the idea of Federalism, which entails distributing authority and powers between states or provinces and the national government.
Among the advantages that are frequently associated with a federal form of government, which of the following is not normally listed as an advantage?Unfunded mandates are imposed upon state government
Dual federalism is also known aslayer-cake federalism
The relationship between the states and the federal government changed dramatically soon afterthe Civil War Began
Under the New Deal, federalism is frequently described asCooperative Federalism
For eligible participants, the Social Security Act of 1935 instituted all of the following EXCEPTHealth Insurance Benefits
Medicaid, a national program providing health care for the poor, was added to the existing Social Security program underThe Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
The use of block grants, allowing states considerable leeway in how federal money is spent, was championed by President ______ under the name New Federalism.Richard Nixon
When the federal government requires a state to meet federal guidelines without offering financial support to pay for these programs, it is known asCoercive Federalism
After the Civil War and Reconstruction had ended, politics in Texas were dominated for several decades byRepublicans
During the Wilson administration, Texans held key leadership positions in Congress and had great political influence becauseof the result of the Congressional Seniority System which allowed advancement to leadership positions of congressional committees based on length of congressional services.
Which prominent Texan served as FDR’s vice president until 1940?John Garner
Since obtaining statehood, the one area in which Texans have most consistently supported the federal government is in matters ofNational Security
As Texans became disillusioned in the years following the New Deal, increasingly they began to support economic deregulation, tax cuts, and a strong national defense. Which presidential candidate made these goals part of his national platform?Lyndon B. Johnson
When Phil Gramm, a lifelong Democrat, switched to the Republican Party and easily won reelection, it signaledthe breakup of the Southern Democrat Party and an increasing ideological division between the Republicans and Democrats.
Congress’s authority to withhold highway funding from states that failed to raise the legal drinking age was upheld underSouth Dakota v. Dole.
A Tea Party political action committee, Club for Growth Action, targeted Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst in his 2012 race in the Republican primary with a $1 million television ad campaign in which he was labeled a _____, the new derogatory label for a candidate in Texas.Moderate
According to a prominent blog for Tea Party supporters, their message to politicians is this:“People are watching your votes carefully, and if you vote for big government while trying to convince us that you are for limited government, the people will not buy it. Cornyn tried to criticize Washington, but the people in Austin were well aware that Cornyn had become part of the problem.”
In general, the Tea Party’s position on Obamacare is that itShould have been struck down as an unconstitutional, overly broad exercise of the commerce power.
Tea party has become the dominant wing of the Republican Party in Texas. The policy position advocates cut welfare and government social programs
Today, our federal system is best described asA system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution, between a central government and regional governments.
“Marble-cake federalism” appears to disturb Governor Perry and other advocates of states’ rights is that the national government has expanded too much, intruded too much on the lives of individuals, and interfered too significantly with stat government operations.
One significant problem facing Texas in the future involvesobtaining water supplies for urban areas
The system of distributing powers between states and a central government is calledCooperative Federalism
Which is not a function of state constitutions?To set proper tax rates for the state/counties
The supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution states thatArticle VI of the U.S Consistution, which states that the constitution and laws passed by the national government and all treaties are the supreme law of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state or any subdivision
What is the most important difference between the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions?States are subordinate to the federal government.
Philosophically, the Texas Constitution reflects ait is based on a general district of politicians and political power.
Which of the following is not a similarity between the U.S. Constitution and the Texas Constitution?Length of their terms of office
Which of the following is the best definition of a confederation?A system of government in which states maintain their sovereignty
Which of the following was not an important part of the 1827 Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas, established when Texas was part of Mexico?It established a bicameral legislature.
The Mexican War of Independence against ______ grew out of the ______.Spain and Napoleonic Wars
Which of the following statements best describes the structure of the Texas legislature?Since independence from Mexico ,Texas has been bicameral.
The majority of delegates to the Convention of 1836 that drafted the constitution for a newly independent Republic ofTexas
Texas were from10 prior to 1830 or 12 delegates after 1836
Texas became an independent republic in ______ and became part of the United States in ______.1836; 1845
Under the 1836 Republic of Texas Constitution:Congress was bicameral
The main problem that stalled the admission of Texas into the United States wasTexas would become a slave state
Which of the following was not part of the annexation agreement between Texas and the United States?Texas could maintain its own army and navy for twenty-five years.
The Texas Constitutional Convention of 1861 was dominated bylawyers and slaveholders
Which of the following statements about the Texas Constitutional Convention of 1865 is not trueTexas had to return to the federal government parts of Oklahoma seized by Texas Confederate soldiers.
Who were the Radical Republicans?a bloc of Republicans in the U.S. Congress who pushed through the adoption of black suffrage as well as an extended period of military occupation of the South following the Civil War
The Texas Constitution of 1869 was created by whom?by members of the Texas Republican Party.
Which of the following statements best describes the post-Civil War governorship of E. J. Davis?Davis was a Republican who used the centralized powers of the governorship to maintain control over his regime
The domination of Texas politics by Republicans after the Civil War endedin an armed standoff in the capital between the Republican governor and the Democratic legislature in 1872.
Who made up the Grange, and what effect did they have on the writing of the Texas ConstitutionThey were an agricultural group who wanted a government that would improve the plight of farmers.
In what year was Texas’s current constitution ratified?1876
Which principle of government is the key to understanding the drafting of the Texas Constitution of 1876?Plural Executive
The Texas Constitution isa long, complex, and detailed document
What is the major difference between the bill of rights in the Texas constitution and the U.S. Bill of Rights?Texas’ is longer and more detailed
What is found in the Texas bill of rights?no religious tests for officeholders
freedom of religious worship, the right to trial by jury, and guarantees of equal treatment under law
The separation of government into three branches—legislative, executive, and judicial—is calledThe Three Branches of Government
Under the Texas Constitution, who has the power of impeachment?The House of Representatives has the power to impeach, while the Senate has the power to try and convict.
The Texas Constitution requires which of the following for amendment?the vote of two-thirds of each house of the legislature and majority approval by the voters
What was the main criticism of the current Texas Constitution behind the Ratliff-Junell proposal for a new constitution?The constitution is too restrictive and cumbersome for contemporary government.
Reasons for the low level of voter turnout for constitutional amendments?Voters generally have little information about these amendments, many amendments are not controversial, elections for amendments are held in off years, when no candidates are on the ballot, and most amendments are relatively insignificant for most voters.
The Constitution of 1866 did not exclude former secessionists from voting.False, few former secessionists were excluded from voting, with the result that there were strong Unionist and secessionist factions at the convention.
The Texas Constitution of 1869 was written by members of the Republican Party, including ten African Americans.True, Only 6 had served in the previous constitutional convention. Ten were black. The vast majority represented the interests of various wings in the Republican Party.
Urban business interests had the greatest role in writing the Texas Constitution of 1876.False, a constitution designed primarily by white males for whites in a rural agrarian society.
Forty of the delegates were farmers, and 40 were members of the Grange, a militant farming organization that had emerged to improve the plight of farmers.
The Texas Constitution of 1876 was designed to limit the power of government, especially of the governor’s office.True, wanted popular control of state government, meant that the governor’s cast appointment powers were limited by making judges and other public officials subject to election.
Texas has a bill of rights containing more liberties than those found in the U.S. Bill of Rights.True, U.S. constitution is limited to 7 short articles and 27 amendments, and takes up only 8 pages of the World Almanac. The 2012 Texas Constitution contained 16 articles and had been amended 474 times.
The Texas Constitution created a plural executive, consisting of multiple elected officers.True
The Texas Constitution creates two top appellate courts, one for civil cases and one for criminal cases.True, besides creating one Supreme Court to hear civil cases and one court of criminal appeals to hear criminal cases…
The Texas Constitution makes no requirements for the establishment and upkeep of a public school system.False, makes it a duty of the state legislature to support and maintain “an efficient system of public free schools.”
Under the Texas Constitution, it is unconstitutional to impeach elected officeholders.The Texas Constitution rules that all officers against whom articles of impeachment are proffered are suspended from their office…
There have been no serious attempts in recent years to change the Texas Constitution.False, demands for amending the Constitution have intensified in recent years, as legislators have dealt with the problem of making changes in public policy while being constrained by an unwieldy constitutional document.
The current Texas Constitution has been amended more than four hundred times.True, 2012 Texas Constitution had been amended 474 times.