Restless Leg Syndrome Flashcards, test questions and answers
Discover flashcards, test exam answers, and assignments to help you learn more about Restless Leg Syndrome and other subjects. Don’t miss the chance to use them for more effective college education. Use our database of questions and answers on Restless Leg Syndrome and get quick solutions for your test.
What is Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder that causes an unbearable and uncontrollable urge to move one’s legs, often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations in the legs. The sensations can range from mild itching or tingling to burning or even pain. The urge to move the legs is usually worse when lying down or sitting and improves with movement, such as walking or stretching.The exact cause of RLS is unknown but it is believed to be related to a dopamine deficiency in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate muscle movements, as well as other processes in the body, such as mood and motivation. Many people with RLS have been found to have lower levels of dopamine than normal. It has also been linked to certain medications, iron deficiency anemia, pregnancy, kidney failure and other medical conditions.The most common treatment for RLS is lifestyle changes such as avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime, exercising regularly and keeping a consistent sleep schedule. Medications may also be prescribed for more severe cases of RLS including dopaminergic agents like Mirapex (pramipexole), Requip (ropinirole) and Neupro (rotigotine). These drugs work by increasing dopamine levels in the brain which helps reduce symptoms of RLS. In some cases surgery may be recommended if all other treatments fail. This includes deep brain stimulation where electrodes are implanted into certain areas of the brain that help to reduce symptoms of RLS through electrical stimulation therapy. Living with Restless Leg Syndrome can be difficult but there are ways manage it so you can still lead a normal life despite having this condition.