Neurology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Neurology?
Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. It includes the study of diseases that affect the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. Neurologists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), epilepsy, migraine headaches, and other movement disorders.The nervous system is a complex network of nerve cells that controls our body’s functions. When something goes wrong with this system, it can lead to various disabilities or even death. Neurologists use advanced imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans to identify problems within the nervous system. They also perform electroencephalograms (EEG) to examine electrical activity in the brain or spine in order to diagnose different types of neurological conditions. In addition to diagnosis and treatment, neurologists also play an important role in educating patients about their condition so they can better manage their symptoms. They often work with other healthcare professionals such as physical therapists and occupational therapists in order to provide comprehensive care for patients living with neurological disorders. Neurology is an ever-evolving field that continues to make strides towards improving patient care through advances in research on new treatments for neurological diseases as well as developing more accurate methods for diagnosing them.