Julius Caesar Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Julius Caesar?
Julius Caesar was one of the most influential figures in Roman history. He began his career as a military commander, eventually rising to become dictator of Rome and laying the foundation for what would later become the Roman Empire. As a leader, he was ambitious and ruthless but also charismatic and successful. He remains an iconic figure even today, both admired for his accomplishments and vilified for his cruelty. Early LifeCaesar was born in 100 BC into a prominent aristocratic family in Rome. His father served as consul of Rome before his untimely death when Julius was only 16 years old; this left him responsible for protecting the interests of his family at an early age. After completing college-level education meant only for members of elite families, he quickly rose through the ranks of politics with help from powerful friends such as Marcus Licinius Crassus and Pompey Magnus (Pompey). By 60 BC, these three men formed what is known as the First Triumvirate which effectively controlled Roman politics until they fell out amongst themselves several years later.Career & Achievements In 59 BC, Julius embarked on a successful campaign to conquer Gaul (now France) with four legions under his command–an impressive feat given that it took over 8 years to complete. This included conquering tribes like Helvetii and Belgae who were fiercely resistant to Roman domination at first; however by 51 BC all fear had been quelled with their submission to Ceasar’s rule. The success brought immense wealth back home along with political clout that enabled him to be elected Consul again in 48BC whereupon he set about reforming laws within Rome itself–a period often referred to as ‘The Reign Of Terror’. His next move proved fateful: In 49BC he crossed Rubicon river without permission from Senate – a punishable act according defying existing law – thereby setting off civil war between himself/his supporters against other ruling factions led by Pompey (who sought restoration traditional Republican Government). Ultimately though it ended up being decisive victory won largely due brilliant military tactics employed during Battle Pharsalus where enemies were vanquished after suffering heavy casualties…both sides alike. This resulted establishment autocratic government headed solely by Caesar himself until 44BC when assassins finally managed do away with living legend after stabbing multiple times public theater event held honor fallen leader’s birthday celebration commemoration. Death & Legacy Julius Caesar’s death marked end era social stability peace enjoyed throughout Republic prior its dissolution into monarchy following ascension Octavian Augustus shortly thereafter.but not before setting stage some greatest conquests ever seen world history. His legacy lives on today through popular culture references such films TV shows depicting life legendary general politician(s), literature works including William Shakespeare’s famous play Julius Caesar plus countless monuments erected commemorate slain icon whose impact still felt ages onward despite ultimate demise so many centuries ago.