Irritable Bowel Syndrome Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder that affects the large intestine, or colon. It is characterized by abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and changes in bowel habits such as alternating between diarrhea and constipation. IBS can have a significant impact on an individual’s quality of life due to its uncomfortable symptoms and the embarrassment it can cause. Although there is no cure for IBS, there are treatments available that can help manage symptoms and improve one’s quality of life.The exact cause of IBS is unknown; however, it is believed to be related to abnormal activity within the digestive system. Stress has been found to play an important role in triggering and exacerbating IBS symptoms. Other factors such as food allergies/intolerances, hormonal imbalance and changes in gut microbiota may also contribute to IBS onset or severity.Treatment for IBS vary depending on the individual but may include lifestyle modifications such as stress reduction techniques, dietary changes (such as avoiding certain trigger foods), probiotics supplementation and medications (such as antispasmodics). In some cases psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy may also be used to reduce stress levels which can help alleviate symptoms of IBS. In addition to medical treatments, individuals with IBS should focus on making healthy lifestyle choices including eating balanced meals throughout the day, getting regular physical activity and finding ways to manage daily stress levels such as yoga or meditation. While there is no cure for IBS currently available, these strategies can help improve overall wellbeing by helping individuals better manage their condition so they can live a full life without disruption from their disorder.