Study Hall Game

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archipelago
archipelago
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a large group of islands Ex. – The Bahamas
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atoll
atoll
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a ring of coral that encloses a pool of seawater
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badlands
badlands
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wasteland that has been carved into unusual shapes by wind and water Ex. – Toadstool Geologic Park in Nebraska
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bay
bay
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a body of water that extends into the land Ex. – Bay of Bengal by India
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beach
beach
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a rocky or sandy edge of land along a body of water
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butte
butte
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an isolated hill with sloping sides and a small, flat top Ex. – Courthouse Butte in Arizona
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canyon
canyon
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a deep valley with steep sides Ex. – Grand Canyon
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cape
cape
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a point of land that juts out into the water Ex. – Cape Cod
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Cave
Cave
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a hollow area in the earth with an opening to the outside Ex. – Jewel Cave in South Dakota
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channel
channel
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a body of water that connects two larger bodies of water Ex. – English Channel
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cliff
cliff
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a high, steep face of rock or earth
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continent
continent
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one of the seven great land masses on earth
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delta
delta
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a fan-shaped deposit of sand and mud at the mouth of a river
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desert
desert
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a region of little rainfall where few plants and animals live Ex. – Sahara Desert
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dune
dune
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a hill of sand formed by blowing wind
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fjord
fjord
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a long, narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or slopes
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forest
forest
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a large area of land covered with trees and other plants
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geyser
geyser
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a spring that spouts hot water and steam from time to time Ex. – Old Faithful in Yellowstone National Park
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glacier
glacier
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a large mass of ice that moves very slowly down a mountain or through a valley
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gulf
gulf
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a large body of salt water that is partly enclosed by land Ex. – Gulf of Mexico
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hill
hill
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a raised part of the earth’s surface that is lower than a mountain
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iceberg
iceberg
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a huge block of floating ice that has broken off a glacier
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island
island
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a piece of land that is surrounded by water Ex. – Hawaii
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isthmus
isthmus
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a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas Ex. – Central America connecting North America and South America
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jungle
jungle
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an area of think, tangled plants usually found near a river or swamp
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lagoon
lagoon
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a shallow body of water that is partly cut off from the sea
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lake
lake
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an inland body of fresh or salt water Ex. – Great Lakes
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marsh
marsh
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a low, wet area where grasses, rushes, and cattails grow
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mesa
mesa
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a raised area with steep sides and a large, flat top
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mountain
mountain
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a high area of land with steep sides and a sharp peak Ex. – Mt. Mckinley and Mt. Everest
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ocean
ocean
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the body of salt water that covers most of the earth Ex. – Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Indian Ocean
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peninsula
peninsula
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an area of land that is nearly surrounded by water Ex. – Florida
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plain
plain
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a large, low area of flat or rolling land with few trees
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plateau
plateau
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a flat area of land that is higher than the land around it
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prairie
prairie
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a region of flat or hilly land covered by tall grasses
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river
river
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a long body of water that flows over land Ex. – Mississippi River, Republican River
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sea
sea
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a body of salt water that is partly enclosed by land Ex. – Black Sea
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sound
sound
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a long wide ocean inlet Ex. – Long Island Sound in New York
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strait
strait
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a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
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swamp
swamp
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a low, wet area where trees and high shrubs grow
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tundra
tundra
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a cold, dry, treeless region where mosses, grasses, and lichens grow Ex. – Greenland
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valley
valley
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an area of low land between mountains or hills
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volcano
volcano
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a hole in the earth’s crust through which lava, gases, and ash are released
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waterfall
waterfall
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a stream of water that falls from a high place

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