Strunk and White Elements of Style rules 1-17

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1. how use ‘s for old names
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Jesus’ (or Moses’ or Achilles’. You can also say ‘___ of Moses’ or whatever)
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2. listing stuff, comma use
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add comma for each term except the last. (red, white, and blue.)
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2.5 business names
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last comma omitted (Brown, Shipley and Company)
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3. Parenthetic expressions
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This way, which is correct, is how you do it.
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4. comma placement with and/but/for/nor/or/while
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place a comma before and/but when introducing independent clause (Meek is OK, but Drake straight killed this man.)
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5. joining indie phrases
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use semicolon, or a period. if and or for is used, use a comma. (‘Logic is a good rapper; his speed is unmatched.’ or ‘Logic is a good rapper. His speed is unmatched.’ or Logic is a good rapper, for his speed is unmatched.)
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5.5 short indie phrases
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you can use a comma. (‘Man proposes, God disposes.)
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6. breaking sentences in two
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you don’t. (ex, don’t write ‘I listen to rap. But only for the beat.’ you write ‘I listen to rap, but only for the beat.’)
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6.5 empathic expressions as sentances
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Again and again he called out. No reply. (there isn’t an easy way to explain this; The best i can do is give an example.)
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7. Participials
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They must refer to the subject. (You can’t say ‘A deep song, Drake sung Know Yourself’. You say, ‘A deep song, Know Yourself was sung by Drake’.)
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8. What to do when there isn’t room in a line for a word
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Split it (Read this though. there are tons of ways to do that. You can split by word formation, like de-scribe or know-ledge. You can split on the vowel, like edi-ble or reli-gion. You can split between double letters, like refer-ring or Apen-nines. You can split between consonants like \”for-tune or incen-diary.)
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9. Paragraphs, paragraphs, paragraphs!
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one topic per paragraph (in order to subdivide a subject, each topic deserves a paragraph. how many depends on the subject. new dialogue, even if it’s a sentence, also requires a new paragraph.)
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1o. the burger method.
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Topic sentence-backup-final sentence. (the final sentence should conform to the topic sentence, completing the circle of information. this can be done with therefore, again, etc)
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11. Passive vs Active voices
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Active is better. (\”I shall always remember my first visit to Boston\” is better than \”My first visit to Boston will always be remembered by me\”. It just sounds super weird and complicates things. Ex: \”‘Under Pressure’ is the favorite rap album of mine\” vs. \”My favorite rap album is ‘Under Pressure’. However, sometimes passive fits with the subject of the paragraph you’re writing. Just don’t make passives depend on another, like in \”gold was not allowed to be exported.\” )
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12. (no name)
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put statements in the positive form. (don’t say \”he was not very often on time\”, say \”he usually came late.\” Don’t over think it! Ex: \”Childish Gambino’s fast verse in ‘You See Me\” is really not bad.\” Just say,\”Childish Gambino’s fast verse in ‘You See Me’ is really good.\”)
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13. useless words
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Keep it short and simple. (there is no list of useless words, but just remember to cut out words that don’t attribute to the meaning of the sentence. EX: don’t say \”this is a subject which\”, just say \”This subject\”.)
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14. more paragraph structure!
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avoid using loose structures in succession (If you use the same structure of sentences, like having 2 halves joined by an and then ending, that’s boring. Replace some sentences with simple ones, or replace the conjunctions with semicolons if allowed.)
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15. coordinate ideas
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use parallel construction. (similar content should be structured similarly. for example, \”parachute pants used to be the norm; now snapbacks are the norm\” is better than \”parachute pants used to be the norm; now snapbacks are what’s in.\”)
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16. related words
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keep related words together (this means that the subject and verb shouldn’t be far from each other. ex: \”John, with all his speed, dodged the bullets\”. Say, \”John dodged the bullets with all his speed.)
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17. in summaries
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Keep the tense. (don’t change to past tense in a plot summary, its confusing.)

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