St. Martin’s Guide to Writing Chapter 13

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5 kinds of writing cues
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thesis and forecasting statements, paragraphing, cohesive devices, transitions and headings and subheadings
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2 types of orienting statements
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thesis statements and forecasting statements
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thesis statements
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most important, general idea
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forecasting statements
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overviews how something will be developed
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paragraphing/paragraphing cues
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topic of paragraph transitioning
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3 kinds of topic sentence strategies
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announcing, transitioning and positioning
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5 kinds of cohesive devices
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pronouns, word repetition, sentence structure repetition, synonyms and collocation
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pronoun-antecedent (chain)
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pronoun (it, they) refers to original word (George Washington Bridge)
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word repetition
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repeating words if pronouns are too confusing
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synonyms
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words similar to other words
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sentence structure repetition
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emphasizes connections in ideas
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collocation
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words that belong together morning, orang juice, bacon, cooking, eggs, radio (breakfast time)
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transitions
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bridges between words, sentences or paragraphs
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3 types of transitions
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logical, temporal and spatial
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logical relationships
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and, for, but, nor, neither, because, thus, nevertheless, specifically, to put in other terms
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temporal relationships
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that night, then, as we spoke, eventually, in 2025, at the beginning of January, subsequently
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spatial relationships
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on, through, around, above, over, beyond, sideways, away from, inside of, closely placed
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headings and subheadings
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used to introduce text Heading ———— Subheading ————

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