a) Gain a subjective understanding of human cultural norms
b) Manipulate test subjects into answering difficult questions
c) Methodically predict situational outcomes
d) Reject antiquated notions of privacy and consent
a) The theory that man evolved slowly over time.
b) How individuals understand their own and others’ pasts in relation to history and social structure.
c) The process of analyzing human behavior based solely on statistics.
d) A series of interviews asking subjects about their sleep habits and dreams.
a) Systematic study of society and social interaction.
b) Quantitative analysis of social transgressions.
c) Qualitative analysis of human phenomenon.
d) Theoretical examination of life’s origins.
a) They are both macro-level.
b) Macro-level; micro-level
c) They are both micro-level.
d) Micro-level; macro-level
a) Conflict Theorists
b) Structural Functionalists
c) Symbolic Interactionists
d) Social Individualists
a) Structural functionalist
b) Feminist conflict theorist
c) Conflict theorist
d) Symbolic interactionist
a) A way to explain different aspects of social interactions
b) A testable proposition
c) An attempt to explain large-scale relationships
d) Philosophical and theoretical frameworks used within a discipline to formulate theories, generalizations, and the experiments performed in support of them
a) To understand in a deep way.
b) To compare and contrast social facts.
c) To require proof of interpretation.
d) To maintain a moral conscience.
a) Durkheim; Communism
b) Max Weber; Positivism
c) Karl Marx; Communism
d) Comte; Antipositivism
a) Latent functions
b) Dramaturgical analysis
c) Dynamic equilibrium
a) Secondary data analysis
d) Case study
a) It relies on statistics to determine causal relationships.
b) It eliminates the need for a literature review.
c) It leads to in-depth knowledge of a participant’s social world.
d) It prevents researchers from making unethical decisions.
a) Dependent variables
b) Secondary data analysis
c) Participant observation
d) Literature review
a) Field research
b) A survey
c) An experiment
d) Secondary data analysis
a) The more CDs Jamilla buys, the less money she has in her bank account
b) The more positive reinforcement a parent gives a child, the better they do in school.
c) The more study halls students are given during the school day, the worse they perform on their tests.
d) The longer an inmate spends in prison, the more difficult it is for him to adapt to the outside world.
a) Report results
b) Research existing sources
c) Formulate a hypothesis
d) Receive corroboration from the field
a) To ensure the financial gain of the researchers
b) To foster professionally responsible scholarship in sociology
c) To guarantee the safety of their participants
d) To maintain value neutrality
a) Independent variable: Grades; Dependent variable: John
b) Independent variable: Grades; Dependent variable: Number of laptops
c) Independent variable: Number of laptops; Dependent variable: Grades
d) Independent variable: John; Dependent variable: Grades
a) The Authority Effect
b) The Hawthorne Effect
c) The Regressive Effect
d) The Cognizant Effect
a) Material culture
b) Ideal culture
c) Behavioral normativity
d) Cultural imperialism
a) The exchange of gestures and signals for the purpose of reaching a consensus.
b) A symbolic system through which people communicate and through which culture is transmitted.
c) Gestures, signs, objects, signals, and words that help people understand the world.
d) Communication grounded in ideals, norms, and values.
a) Material culture
b) Non-material culture
c) A cultural universal
d) The counterculture
a) Ingrid becoming upset over the course language used in the Australian Outback.
b) Andy marrying a woman who does not practice his religion, though his parents disprove.
c) Helena putting aside her vegetarianism to eat meals with the local tribe she is studying.
d) Joseph protesting the Running of the Bulls while visiting Pamplona.
a) Marrying the partner whom your parents have chosen for you
b) Incest taboos
c) Holding hands with your best friend
d) Putting your cell phone on silent during a Broadway production
a) Lilly being sent to prison because she failed to pay her taxes.
b) Sarah buying Lady Gaga tickets from a scalper because the show sold out.
c) Brett illegally downloading the new Black Keys album because he couldn’t afford to buy it.
d) The football team throwing a slushy in Finn’s face because he tried to join the Glee club.
a) The yuppie craze of the 1980’s
b) The hippie movement of the 1960’s
c) The Kardashian obsession of the 2010’s
d) The disco invasion of the 1970’s
a) The opposite of cultural relativism
b) The opposite of cultural universalism
c) The same as cultural imperitivism
d) The opposite of ethnocentrism
a) Jersey culture; low culture
b) Popular culture; high culture
c) High culture; low culture
d) High culture; popular culture
a) Structural Functionalism
b) Symbolic Interactionism
c) Feminist Theory
a) They provide the second major socialization experience outside the realm of their families.
b) They help exert dependence among adolescents.
c) They help to develop a sense of identity separate from adolescents’ parents.
d) They rank higher in importance to adolescents’ than parental influence.
a) It teaches children facts about the world in which they live.
b) It teaches children how to interact with their peers and helps them to gain social graces.
c) It teaches children how to react to authority and how to behave in group and one-on-one situations.
d) All of the above
a) The play stage
b) The preparatory stage
c) The game stage
d) The “generalized other” stage
a) Lawrence Kholberg
b) Carol Gilligan
c) Sigmund Freud
d) Erik Erikson
a) A graduation ceremony
b) An entry test that must be passed
c) A degradation ceremony
d) An exit test that must be passed
a) It defined the differences between sociology and psychology
b) It allowed psychology and sociology to merge into one field.
c) It earned Émile Durkheim the title “Father of Sociology” so that other sociologists would have a role model.
d) It showed the psychological reasons for suicide to be a lie.
a) After they graduate from college.
b) In their teenage years
c) When they first go to school.
d) When they are born.
a) Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development
b) Freud’s theory of self-development
c) George Herbert Mead’s theory of self-development
d) Nature vs. Nurture
a) Allowing Joey to sleep with his “blankey.”
b) Taking Jimmy to the aquarium.
c) Letting Kim wear pants to school.
d) Buying Sarah a toy kitchen to play with.
a) The breakdown of communication between technological innovators and the general public.
b) A form of constant monitoring in which the observation posts are decentralized and the observed is never communicated with directly.
c) The spread of technology across borders.
d) The global lack of access to online media.
a) The great divide
c) Social control
d) Discriminatory journalism
a) Digital divide
b) Technological pause
c) Computer lag
d) New media
c) Barnes and Noble
d) The Kindle
a) The spread of computer literacy.
b) Social media spreading awareness about social causes.
c) Accessible technology being made available to remote societies.
d) Governments censoring information for their benefit.
a) A functionalist
b) A symbolic interactionist
c) A conflict theorist
d) A cyberfeminist
b) PC person
a) The cross-cultural development and exchange of computer hardware.
b) The inability of geographically rural areas to access new media.
c) The governmental sanction allowing worldwide access to media education.
d) The worldwide integration of media through the cross-cultural exchange of ideas.
a) Jerome spills coffee on his MacBook, and it ruins the keyboard.
b) Sarah’s iPod breaks just as the newest iPod Nano is being introduced.
c) Target offers a “buy two, get one free” sale on Blue Ray discs.
d) Evangeline refuses to purchase a Droid or an iPhone because her Razor phone has been in perfect shape for the past 6 years.
a) Secondary group
d) Reference group
a) Paparazzi organization
b) Coercive organization
c) Utilitarian organization
d) Voluntary organization
a) Explicit rules
b) Clear division of labor
c) Personality-based promotion
a) Chorus members of the campus’s production of Hairspray practice in Theatre building’s first floor, while the cast of God of Carnage practices on the second floor.
b) Organizations across a college campus come together at a yearly fundraiser to raise money for the local Breast Cancer Awareness chapter.
c) The Chemistry Club advertises their organization at the local science fair.
d) Members of sorority Delta Delta Delta advise their pledges not to socialize with members of pledges of rival sorority Sigma Delta Theta.
a) Posting embarrassing images of a person online
b) Hacking someone’s account and pretending to be him or her
c) Sending threatening text messages
d) Sending threatening letters to someone’s home
a) Coercive organization
b) Utilitarian organization
c) Paparazzi organization
d) Voluntary organization
a) A status-based regime in which advancement is unlikely.
b) A bureaucracy where membership and advancement is based on proven and documented skills.
c) The authoritarian devalue of an employee .
d) The removal of personal feelings from a professional situation.
a) The McDonaldization of Society
b) A bureaucracy
d) In-Group/Out-Group dynamic
a) Charlotte is an intelligent teenager, but told by her step-sisters and cousins that she’s destined to a life of poverty and failure. Charlotte begins to do poorly in school, and eventually drops out.
b) Morgan overhears a professor predicting the economic recession will prevent entry-level graduates from finding gainful employment. Morgan goes on interviews but doesn’t bother preparing, convinced it’s a waste of time. Morgan appears unprofessional and is not hired.
c) Kevin sprained his ankle a month before a marathon. Though his trainer advises him not to participate, Kevin runs the marathon and places third.
d) Though encouraged by his parents to audition for Julliard, Jose believes he isn’t good enough to attend. After his audition, he expresses this reluctance to the admissions committee. They don’t admit him due to his lack of certainty.
a) The bourgeois struggling for the allocation of resources amongst themselves.
b) The enslaved bourgeois reclaiming power from the controlling proletariat.
c) The working class proletariat taking the means of production from the wealthy bourgeois.
d) The proletariat fighting each other for a position within the bourgeois.
a) Alienation from others
b) Alienation from one’s religion
c) Alienation from the product of one’s labor
d) Alienation from one’s self
a) People base their images on how they think other people see them.
b) The media encourages society to base their appearances on visible public figures.
c) Self-esteem is directly correlated with body image.
d) Personal identity isn’t influenced by outside social forces.
a) Collective norms are weakened.
b) Society no longer has the support of the collective consciousness.
c) Specialization of labor lead to alienation.
d) All of the above
a) Collective conscience
b) The iron cage
a) Hunter-gatherer; Pastoral; Horticultural; Agricultural
b) Pastoral; Hunter-gatherer; Horticultural; Agricultural
c) Pastoral; Agricultural, Hunter-gatherer; Horticultural
d) Hunter-gatherer; Pastoral; Agricultural; Horticultural
a) Tribes became nomadic, traveling to various locations in search of sustenance.
b) Societies began to form where rainfall was plentiful; groups were able to cultivate plants instead of living nomadic lifestyles.
c) Animals were first domesticated as a resource for survival.
d) Cities and towns were established, and humans had more time for leisure activities.