sociology exam 2 ch 4

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anticipatory socialization
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when we prepare for future life roles
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degradation ceremony
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the process by which new members of a total institution lose aspects of their old identity and are given new ones
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generalized other
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the common behavioral expectations of general society
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hidden curriculum
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the informal teaching done in schools that socializes children to societal norms.
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moral development
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the way people learn what is \”good\” and \”bad\” in society
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nature
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the influence of our genetic makeup on self-development
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nurture
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the role that our social environment plays in self-development
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peer group
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a group made up of people who are similar in age and social status and who share interests.
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resocialization
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the process by which old behaviors are removed and new behaviors are learned in their place
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self
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a person’s distinct sense of identity as developed through social interaction
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socialization
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the process of people understanding societal norms and expectations, accept society’s beliefs, and values
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socialization (notes)
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the lifelong process where we acquire a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society.
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looking-glass self
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charles horton cooley i am what i think you think i am \”mirror\”
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George Herbert Mead
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Development of self described how the self develops the self is composed of the \”I\” and the \”Me\” I: your born with/you are a certain way, selfish as a child. creative, impulsive, and spontaneous Me: Rules that stops your I selfishness, internalized socials roles. he watched children book: \”mind, self, and society\” written by his students not him. he gets the self down to 2 parts BLANK SLATE: the i and me.
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Meads stages ROLE TAKING
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learning to role-take occurs in stages STAGE 1: (2 yrs) no distinction between self and other. self-centered. STAGE 2: (2-6 yrs) distinguishes between self and others. imitates parents. learns role taking. playing pretend. taking on only one role at a time. STAGE 3: (6 and older( understand and anticipates multiple roles. connects to society through the GENERALIZED OTHER.
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analog he uses to distinguish between play and game stage
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baseball t-ball:all chase the ball at the same time. play stage. big league: understand other are playing roles. game stage.
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Primary Socialization agents
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people who teach us the rules of society. person, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know to participate in society. parents/family=primary siblings/schools: other social agents
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school
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socialization agent hidden curriculum: rules on how to behave/socialize enhances cognitive development transmits knowledge teaches us to think in different ways

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