Sociology ch. 1

Anomie
The loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective.

Applied sociology
The use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organizations.

Basic sociology
Sociological inquiry conducted with the objective of gaining a more profound knowledge of the fundamental aspects of social phenomena, also known as pure sociology.

clinical sociology
The use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of facilitating change by altering social relationships or restructuring social institutions

conflict perspective
A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups.

dramaturgical approach
A view of social interaction that examines people as if they were theatrical performers.

dysfunction
An element or a process of society that may disrupt a social system or lead to a decrease in stability.

feminist view
A sociological approach that views inequity in gender as central to all behavior and organization.

functionalist perspective
A sociological approach that emphasizes the way that parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability.

ideal type
A construct or model that serves as a measuring rod against which actual cases can be evaluated.

interactionist perspective
A sociological approach that generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction in order to understand society as a whole.

latent functions
Unconscious or unintended functions; hidden purposes.

macrosociology
Sociological investigation that concentrates on large-scale phenomena or entire civilizations.

manifest functions
Open, stated, and conscious functions

mircosociology
Sociological investigation that stresses study of small groups and often uses laboratory experimental studies.

natural science
The study of the physical features of nature and the ways in which they interact and change.

nonverbal communication
The sending of messages through the use of posture, facial expressions, and gestures.

science
The body of knowledge obtained by methods based upon systematic observation.

social inequality
A condition in which members of society have differing amounts of wealth, prestige, and power.

social science
The study of various aspects of human society.

sociological imagination
n awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society.

sociology
The systematic study of social behavior and human groups.

theory
In sociology, a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior

verstehen
The German word for “understanding” or “insight”; used to stress the need for