social studies vocabulary Q. 2

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Rocky Mountains
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a major mountain range in Western North America
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St. Lawrence River
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a river in North America that flows fro th Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
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Niagara Falls
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Waterfalls located on the Niagara River between Ontario and New York State; they flow between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario
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Canadian Shield
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a region of ancient rock that covers more than half of Canada
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Grand Banks
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a rich fishing ground near Newfoundland, Canada
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pulp
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softened wood fibers used to make paper
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newsprint
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cheap paper used mainly for newspapers
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province
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an administrative division of a country
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Quebec
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a province in eastern Canada
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British Columbia
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a province in western Canada
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Toronto
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Canada’s largest city
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regionalism
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The strong connection that people feel toward the region in which they live
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maritime
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on or near the sea
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Montreal
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a major Canadian city in Quebec; founded by the French in 1642
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Ottawa
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the capital of Canada
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Vancouver
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a city in western Canada just north of the U.S.
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Amazon River
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the major river in South America; about 4,000 miles long
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Rio de la Plata
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an estuary in South America that empties into the Atlantic Ocean
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estuary
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A partially enclosed body of water where salty seawater and freshwater mix
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Pampas
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fertile plains region in southern sSouth America located mainly in Argentina
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deforestation
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the clearing of trees
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soil exhaustion
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the soil is infertile because it has lost nutrients needed by plants.
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Sao Paulo
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the largest city in Brazil and South America; a megacity with about 17 million people living in and around it
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megacity
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a giant urban area that includes surrounding cities and suburbs
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Rio de Janeiro
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the former capital; 2nd largest city of Brazil and it is a major port city
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favelas
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huge slums in Brazil
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Brasilia
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the capitol of Brazil
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Manaus
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A major port and industrial city in Brazil’s Amazon rain forest area.
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gauchos
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Argentine cowboys
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Buenos Aires
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Argentina’s capital
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Mercosur
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an organization that promotes trade and economic cooperation among the southern and eastern countries of South America
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informal economy
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part of the economy that is based on odd jobs that people perform without government regulation through taxes
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landlocked
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completely surrounded by land with no direct access to the ocean
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Mediterranean Sea
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a sea between Europe and Africa
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Pyrenees
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a high mountain ranges between Spain and France
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Apennies
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a major mountain range on the Italian Peninsula
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Alps
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a great mountain system in central Europe
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Mediterranean climate
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the type of climate found across Southern Europe; it features warm and sunny days, mild evenings, and cooler, rainy winters
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Orthodox church
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a branch of Christianity that dates to the Byzantine Empire; today nearly everyone in Greece belongs to this religion
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Athens
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an ancient city and modern capitol of Greece
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pope
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the spiritual head of the Roman Catholic Church
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Vatican City
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a small country in Rome that is the head of the Roman Catholic Church
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Sicily
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an island at the tip of the peninsula of Italy
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Naples
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largest city in southern Italy and an a busy port city
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Milan
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a major industrial center in northern Italy and a worldwide center for fashion design
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Rome
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the capital of Italy in the center of the peninsula; it was the capitol of the ancient Roman Empire
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Iberia
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the name for the Iberian Peninsula; the peninsula In Southern Europe where Portugal and Spain are located
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parliamentary monarchy
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the type of government that the king rules with the help of an elected parliament
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Madrid
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the capitol of Spain
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Barcelona
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a large port city in Spain on the Mediterranean Sea
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Lisbon
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capital of Portugal

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