Social Psychology David Myers ed. 11 Ch. 10

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adaptation level phenomenon
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the tendency to adapt to a given level of stimulation and thus to notice and react to changes from that level.
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aggression
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physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone. In laboratory experiments, this might mean delivering electric shocks or saying something likely to hurt another’s feelings. By this social psychological definition, one can be socially assertive without being aggressive.
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catharsis
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emotional release. The catharsis view of aggression is that aggressive drive is reduced when one “releases” aggressive energy, either by acting aggressively or by fantasizing aggression.
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displacement
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the redirection of aggression to a target other than the source of the frustration. Generally, the new target is a safer or more socially acceptable target.
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frustation
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the blocking of goal-directed behavior.
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frustration aggression theory
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the theory that frustration triggers a readiness to aggress.
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hostile aggression
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aggression driven by anger and performed as an end in itself.
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instinctive behavior
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an innate, unlearned behavior pattern exhibited by all members of a species.
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instrumental aggression
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aggression that is a means to some other end.
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prosocial behavior
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positive, constructive, helpful social behavior; the opposite of antisocial behavior.
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relative deprivation
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the perception that one is less well off then others to whom one compares oneself.
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social learning theory
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the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded and punished.
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social scripts
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culturally provided mental instructions for how to act in various situations.

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