Please enter something

Social Psychology-Chapter 5: Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination

question

racism
answer

Prejudice and discrimination based on a person’s racial background, or institutional and cultural practices that promote the domination of one racial group over another.
question

sexism
answer

Prejudice and discrimination based on a person’s gender, or institutional and cultural practices that promote the domination of one gender over another.
question

stereotype
answer

A belief or association that links a whole group of people with certain traits or characteristics.
question

prejudice
answer

Negative feelings toward persons based on their membership in certain groups.
question

discrimination
answer

Behavior directed against persons because of their membership in a particular group.
question

modern racism
answer

A form of prejudice that surfaces in subtle ways when it is safe, socially acceptable, and easy to rationalize.
question

implicit racism
answer

Racism that operates unconsciously and unintentionally.
question

ambivalent sexism
answer

A form of sexism characterized by attitudes about women that reflect both negative, resentful beliefs and feelings and affectionate and chivalrous but potentially patronizing beliefs and feelings.
question

stigmatized
answer

Being persistently stereotyped, perceived as deviant, and devalued in society because of membership in a particular social group or because of a particular characteristic.
question

stereotype threat
answer

The experience of concern about being evaluated based on negative stereotypes about one’s group.
question

social categorization
answer

The classification of persons into groups on the basis of common attributes.
question

ingroups
answer

Groups with which an individuals feels a sense of membership, belonging, and identity.
question

outgroups
answer

Groups with which an individual does not feel a sense of membership, belonging, or identity.
question

outgroup homogeneity effect
answer

The tendency to assume that there is greater similarity among members of outgroups than among members of ingroups.
question

social dominance orientation
answer

A desire to see one’s ingroup as dominant over other groups and a willingness to adopt cultural values that facilitate oppression over other groups.
question

system justification theory
answer

A theory that proposes that people are motivated (at least in part) to defend and justify the existing social, political, and economic conditions.
question

stereotype content model
answer

A model proposing that the relative status and competition between groups influence group stereotypes along the dimensions of competence and warmth.
question

superordinate goal
answer

A shared goal that can be achieved only through cooperation among individuals of groups.
question

realistic conflict theory
answer

The theory that hostility between groups is caused by direct competition for limited resources.
question

relative deprivation
answer

Feelings of discontent aroused by the belief that one fares poorly compared with others.
question

ingroup favoritism
answer

The tendency to discriminate in favor of ingroups over outgroups.
question

social identity theory
answer

The theory that people favor ingroups over outgroups in order to enhance their self-esteem.
question

social role theory
answer

The theory that small gender differences are magnified in perception by the contrasting social roles occupied by men and women.
question

illusory correlation
answer

An overestimate of the association between variables that are only slightly or not at all correlated.
question

subliminal presentation
answer

A method of presenting stimuli so faintly or rapidly that people do not have any conscious awareness of having been exposed to them.
question

contact hypothesis
answer

The theory that direct contact between hostile groups will reduce intergroup prejudice under certain conditions.
question

jigsaw classroom
answer

A cooperative learning method used to reduce racial prejudice through interaction in group efforts.