SOC 262 – Chapter 3 Ethics

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anonymity
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the condition that exists when the researcher cannot identify a given respondent with a given response
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code of ethics
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published formal guidelines for conducting social research
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confidentiality
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the condition that exists when the researcher is able to identify a given person’s responses, but promises not to do so publicly
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debriefing
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interviews conducted following an experiment to discover any problems generated by the research experience so that those problems can be addressed
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deception
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not being truthful about your identity as a researcher
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informed consent
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the formalized process for securing voluntary participation. A norm in which subjects base their voluntary participation in research projects on a full understanding of the possible risks involved.
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institutional review board
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a mechanism for reviewing ethical issues within an institution. A panel of faculty who review all proposals.
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value-free sociology
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sociology that is relatively unaffected by personal values
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voluntary participation
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an ethical principle that presupposes the willingness of respondents to participate in social research
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ethical considerations enter at which point in the research process?
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at all stages
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the topic of ethics is typically associated with
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morality
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the major justification that social scientists have for requesting participation in a study is that
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it may help all humanity
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the ethical principle of voluntary participation most threatens which scientific goal?
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generalizability
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while distributing a questionnaire, a researcher assures the group that no one will be able to trace responses to an individual. However, she has obtained a seating chart with the names of all of the students in class and where they were sitting. She is violating which ethical principle?
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anonymity
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the controversy surrounding Milgram’s study involving \”shocks\” suggests he most violated which ethical principle?
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harm to subjects and concealed purpose of study
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the controversy surrounding Laud Humphrey’s study of homosexuals suggests he most violated which of the following ethical principles?
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concealed identity of researcher and anonymity
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what is considered ethical is based on
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agreed upon principles within a community
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federally mandated IRBs were designed primarily to address which one of the following ethical principles?
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no harm to participants
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which of the following is not a difference between ethical and political aspects of social research?
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ethical considerations are more objective than political considerations
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Recently, Marxist scholars have argued that social research should be closely connected to social action. Which feature of science is most threatened by this position?
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objectivity
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the politics of research centers on the issues of
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objectivity and ideology
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josephine is a student at consolidated community college and is planning to do a study on how eating disorders affect academic performance. Who must review her research before it is done?
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the IRB
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the discussion of the Census best illustrates which of the following points?
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undercounting segments of the population has political implication
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the only partical exception to the lack of political norms is the generally accepted view that
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a researcher’s personal political orientation should not interfere with or influence the research
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Barnetta did a study in which she, the researcher, could not identify a given response with a given respondent. She employed
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anonymity
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debbie did an experiment and was particularly concerned that her subjects base their voluntary participation on a full understanding of the possible risk involved. This is an example of
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informed consent
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cameron did a study in which he could identify a given person’s responses but promised not to do so publicly. He employed
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confidentiality
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Lying (by the researcher) is particularly common in which one of the following research designs
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laboratory experiments
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regarding the reporting of study shortcomings, researchers should
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tell readers about the shortcomings
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Ethical Issues in Social Research
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Voluntary Participation, No harm to the participants, Informed Consent, Anonymity, Confidentiality.
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Belmont Report
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Respect for persons, beneficence, Justice.
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Analysis and Reporting
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Researchers have ethical obligations to their colleagues to report all negative findings to the scientific community.
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AAPOR
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American association for public opinion research.
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Trouble in the Tearoom
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Laud Humphreys Homosexual unethical social research.
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Observing Human Obedience
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Psychological effects on the subjects.

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