# Sight Sound and Motion: Ch. 7-8 – Flashcards

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BECAUSE DIRECTIONALITY IS MORE CERTAIN FOR A SMALLER GRAPHIC MASS THAT IS IN motion than a larger one, its vector magnitude is higher
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false
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A simple conversation between two people creates converging index vectors whether you show them in a single shot or in individual close-ups
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true
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is not another word for gestalt
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part
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the correct series of vector types
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graphic index motion
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Graphic vectors command attention, thus they override all other vectors
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false
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Closeups or extreme closeups can help minimize the magnetism problem of pulling people apart in the 4x3 aspect ratio
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false
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creates a graphic vector
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a line
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Paintings or still photographs have static and fixed figure/ground relationships while the onscreen figure/ground relationship can change with the cameras point of view
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true
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Converging vectors point in the same direction, diverging vectors point toward each other, and continuing vectors point away from eachother
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false
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The magnetism of the frame always works against good composition
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false
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creates an index vector
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an arrow
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Over the shoulder shots or crossshots can help minimize the magnetism problem of pulling people apart in the 4x3 aspect ratio
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true
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a simple conversation between two people creates converging index vectors when you show them in a single shot but not in individual closeups
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false
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an object moving on screen creates a ___________ _______
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motion vector
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directional forces are the strongest forces operating within the screen which lead our eyes from one point to another within or even outside the picture field
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true
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the pull of entire frame is the effect occurring in this image that helps to emphasize the enormity and weight of the millstone
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true
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the right left asymmetry of the screen determines whether we perceive a slant as going uphill or downhill
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true
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motion vectors have a relatively high magnitude because their screen direction is most conspicuous or noticeable
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true
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continuing vectors result when two or more index or motion vectors point in the opposite direction
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false
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an ECU requires more psychological closure than an LS
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true
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in this painting the pull of top edge is used to heighten the agony of hanging from the cross
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true
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using the magnetic force of a screen edge will help emphasize the width of an object
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true
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our mind will apply psychological closure no matter how little information is actually given us on screen
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false
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we are able to perceive figure and ground simutaneously
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false
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we organize our environment into stable reference points against which the less stable elements can be assessed and checked. This is called the figure ground phenomenon
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true
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the configuration resulting from mentally filling in missing patern information is gestalt
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true
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looking or pointing directly at the camera
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z-axis index vector
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external vectors operate within or beyond the screen, while internal vectors operate within ourselves
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true
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vector magnitude is determined primarily by screen direction, graphic mass, and perceived object speed
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true
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tilting the horizontal plane can create a feeling of disorientation
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true
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the smaller the graphic mass, the larger the attractive power
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false
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we tend to pay more attention to an object when it is placed on the right side of the screen
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true
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the degree of directional certainty and force of a vector
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vector magnitude
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the effect of tilting/canting the horizontal plane is that the picture becomes less stable
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true
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strong index vectors pointing screen-center can override the magnetism of the frame
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true
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neutralizes the magnetism of the frame
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headroom
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the magnetic pull of the side edges can make objects in a normally spaced long shot appear too far apart in a tighter shot
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true
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among the vector types, graphic vectors have the highest magnitude
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false
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the larger the graphic mass that is in motion, the higher its vector magnitude
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true
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according to Zettl, a low definition image is helpful only if it helps rather than hinders closure
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true
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vertical lines seem to suggest normalcy, calm while horizontal lines seem more dynamic, exciting
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false
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a combination of vectors operating from all of the following except frame to sequence
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vector field
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the configuration resulting from mentally filling in missing pattern information
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gestalt
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all of the following are examples of strong motion vectors except a couple walking
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true
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our mind will apply psychological closure no matter how little information is actually given us on the screen
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false
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index vectors generally have a higher magnitude than motion vector (
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false
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there is no required minimum of information needed to apply psychological closure to perceive a pattern
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false
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a vector is an unperceivable force with a direction and a magnitude
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false
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motion vectors can be diverging, but not converging
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false
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continuing vectors result when two or more index or motion vectors point in the same direction
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true
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we leave headroom in a normal closeup of a persons face to neutralize the magnetism of the frame
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true
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the larger the graphic mass, the smaller the attractive power
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false
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the asymmetry principle that the right side of the screen commands more attention is more important when designing web pages
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true
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the closer an object is to the edge of the screen, the more powerful the magnetic force
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true
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persons or objects should be framed so that they are not cut off at their natural dividing lines
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true
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can facilitate psychological closure
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shot composition
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information crammed into the bottom of the screen is a common technique in television news called the lower third
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true
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premature closure means that you are encouraged to project into off screen space
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false
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the guiding compositional principle in video and film can be a sequence as well as the screen space of a frame
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true
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the most stable position of an object is screen-center
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true
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balance always means picture stability
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false
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information density on-screen does not guarantee increased information processing by the viewer
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true
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in a temporary moving image of video and film, an unbalanced structure can be startling and an attention-getter
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true
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golden section is the classical proportional system in which the smaller section of a line is to the greater section as the greater is to the total length of the line
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true
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a heightened stage of dynamic balance
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labile balance
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all of the following can be used to achieve pictorial tension except equilibrium
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true
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in a dynamic balance the graphic elements are symmetrically distributed
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false
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having the background object be perceived as an integral part of the foreground contributed to illogical closure
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true
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strong vectors pulling in one direction can easily override a mass centrally located on the screen
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true
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graphic weight is powerful structural element that usually overrides the lesser forces of vectors and magnetism of the frame
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false
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to apply closure within the screen when only parts of an object or subject are shown within the shot
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premature closure
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when framing somebody in profile, you need to eliminate noseroom to maximize the magnetism of the frame
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false
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according to the rule of thirds, placing subjects where a vertical and a horizontal line intersect will not achieve a pleasing composition
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false
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is expressed in degrees of structural stability
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balance
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the screen center position is ideal for a single newscaster because it signifies the newscasters credibility
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true
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static balance is stable balance, as in a symmetrical arrangement of visual elements
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true
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if you want to show several events that are happening simultaneously in different locations, you should avoid using variously shaped secondary frames within the primary screen
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false
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the force of an index vector has a direct influence on how we frame a shot
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true
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labile balance refers to a stable stage of dynamic balance
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false
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the easiest way to create a static balance is to create a symmetrical arrangement
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true
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the guiding principle for unusual compositions must be the intensification of the message rather than making it simply look odd
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true
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is the most important factor in determining the relative stages of balance
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communication context
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index vectors generally have a lower magnitude than motion vectors
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true
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converging index vectors of equal magnitude do not balance each other
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false
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when showing only a part of an object or person on screen, you must frame the subject so that the viewer can easily fill in the missing parts and perceive the whole
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true
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according to zettl, instant access to information has become a necessity and a means of power
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true
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the rule of thirds suggests dividing the screen into only three vertical lines
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false
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a title that divides the screen into the golden section proportions gains dynamism and visual interest compared with one that is centered
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true
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under certain circumstances, unusual compositions can sharpen a film or videos message in a subtle yet compelling aesthetic way
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true
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an effective way to facilitate closure in off screen space is to frame the object so that its natural dividing lines do not coincide with a screen edge
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true
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leadroom is the space in front of a person or an object moving toward the edge of the screen
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true
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modular units are not interchangeable, thus they are not effective for creating a variety of scenic structures
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false
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off center framing cannot increase the tension in the dynamic picture field
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false
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for static balance you should always try to have th natural dividing lines coincide with the screen edges
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false
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according to the rule of thirds, placing subjects where a vertical and a horizontal line intersect will not achieve a pleasing composition
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false
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to avoid illogical closure when framing a shot, you should look in front of the main subject to see if possible closure anomalies lurk in the foreground
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false
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all the following factors affect graphic weight except resolution
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true
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an effective way to facilitate closure in off screen space is to frme the object so that its natural dividing lines do not coincide with a screen edge
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true
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the golden section is most likely to produce a dynamic balance
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true
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the perspective lines of the buildings in the figure produce fairly strong grahic vectors that lead our eyes neturally along the downhill diagonal from screen left to screen right
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true
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counterweighting an object with another object of similar graphic weight will not achieve balance
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false
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when multiple screens show people who talk to one another, their index vectors must connect so that none of the screens remain isolated
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true
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the symmetrical arrangement of mass looks balanced only if all vectors are adequately stabilized
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true
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you can facilitate psychologicalclosure by arranging the vector field within the screen area so that all the vectors contribute to the intended stage of balance
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true
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means that you are not encouraged to project into off-screen space
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premature closure
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the closer an object is to the ede of the screen, the more powerful he msgnetic force
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true
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graphic blocks are innefective for helping viewers locate the desired information quickly without having to scan the whole screen
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false
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