Romeo & Juliet Act 1

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What is one metaphor Romeo uses to describe love? How does this metaphor connect with the emotion of love?
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smoke, fire, sea
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What are three reasons Lord Capulet doesn’t fully support the marriage between Juliet and Paris?
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(1) Juliet is too young (2) Juliet is his only surviving child (3) He wants Juliet to consent to the marriage
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From what word is Mercutio’s name derived? Hint: A synonym for this word is fickle.
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mercurial
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Who’s this quote talking about…? “She is too fair, too wise, wisely too fair to merit bliss by making me despair. She hath forsworn to love, and in that vow do I live dead that live to tell it now.”
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Rosaline
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Who said this…? “O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything, of nothing first created! O heavy lightness, serious vanity, misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms.”
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Romeo
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Who said this…? “Many a morning hath he there been seen, with tears augmenting the fresh morning’s dew, adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs.”
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Lord Montague
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Who said this…? “You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead so stakes me to the ground I cannot move.”
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Romeo
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Explain why Mercutio references Queen Mab during his speech to Romeo in Act I Scene 4.
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He uses a fairy tale character sarcastically to mock Romeo by saying that dreams are nothing but “vain fantasy.”
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Explain what Juliet means when she says, “I’ll look to like, if looking liking move: / But no more deep will I endart mine eye / Than your consent gives strength to make it fly.”
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She’ll talk to Paris and try to look favorably at him, but she’s not going to put in any extra effort. She’s not interested in marriage, even though she know’s it’s supposed to be an honor.
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When Romeo uses the metaphor of the pilgrim in the excerpt below, what exactly does he mean? If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine, the gentle fine is this: My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.
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A pilgrim is someone who visits a holy land, so being with Juliet feels like he’s visiting a sacred place.
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Who said this…? “Earth hath swallowed all my hopes but she; she is the hopeful lady of my earth.”
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Lord Capulet
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Who said this…? “I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, or manage it to part these men with me.”
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Benvolio
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Who said this…? “If I profane with my unworthiest hand this holy shrine, the gentle sin is this: my lips, two plushing pilgrims, ready stand to smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.”
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Romeo
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Who said this…? “Compare her face with some that I shall show, and I will make thee think thy swan a crow.”
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Benvolio
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What is the full definition of a Shakespearean sonnet? (6 elements)
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(1) 14 lines (2) rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefefgg (3) three quatrains that develop theme (4) ending couplet that summarizes the theme or ends with a twist (5) written in iambic pentameter (6) topic usually deals with love
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Who said this…? “I fear, too early; for my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars… by some vile forfeit of untimely death.”
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Romeo
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Who said this…? “This night you shall behold him at our feast. Read o’er the volume of his face, and find delight writ there with beauty’s pen.”
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Lady Capulet
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Who said this…? “I’ll look to like, if looking liking move; but no more deep will I endart mine eye than your consent gives strength to make it fly.”
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Juliet
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Who said this…? “Now, by the stock and honor of my kin, to strike him dead I hold it not a sin.”
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Tybalt
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What literary term is portrayed in the following lines? She’ll not be hit with Cupid’s arrow. She hath Dian’s wit.
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allusion
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What type of love does the following poem portray? Breeze, blowing that blonde curling hair, stirring it, and being softly stirred in turn, scattering that sweet gold about, then gathering it, in a lovely knot of curls again, you linger around bright eyes whose loving sting pierces me so, till I feel it and weep, and I wander searching for my treasure, like a creature that often shies and kicks:
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Petrarchan love
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What literary term relates to the highlighted word below, which creates a strong negative feeling within the reader? From ancient grudge break to new mutiny.
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connotation
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Who said this…? “Verona brags of him to be a virtuous and well-governed youth. I would not for the wealth of all this town here in my house do him disparagement.”
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Lord Capulet
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Who said this…? “My only love, sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late! Prodigious birth of love it is to me that I must love a loathed enemy.”
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Juliet
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Who said this…? “If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.”
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Prince Escalus
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Who said this…? “And, to sink in it, should you burden love–too great oppression for a tender thing. If love be rough with you, be rough with love.”
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Mercutio
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What literary term is portrayed in the following lines? Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! This love feel I, that feel no love in this.
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oxymoron
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What literary term represents two people whose love is doomed to fail?
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star-crossed lovers
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What literary term is portrayed in the following lines? Romeo: I dreamt a dream tonight. Mercutio: And so did I. Romeo: Well, what was yours? Mercutio: That dreamers often lie. Romeo: In bed asleep, while they do dream things true.
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pun
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What literary term is portrayed in the following lines? I fear, too early; for my mind misgives Some consequence yet hanging in the stars Shall bitterly begin his fearful date With this night’s revels and expire the term Of a despised life, closed in my breast. By some vile forfeit of untimely death.
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foreshadow
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Who said this…? “What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word as I hate hell… Have at thee, coward!”
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Tybalt
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Who said this…? “But now, my lord, what say you to my suit?”
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Paris
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Who said this…? “I talk of dreams; which are the children of an idle brain, begot of nothing but vain fantasy; which is as thin of substance as the air.”
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Mercutio
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Compare and contrast a monologue and a soliloquy (provide one similarity and one difference).
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Both are long speeches. Monologue = spoken to other characters. Soliloquy = spoken to oneself
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Compare and contrast soliloquy and aside (provide one similarity and one difference).
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Both are inner thoughts meant only for the audience. Soliloquy = long speech. Aside = passing comment
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Who said this…? “Did my heart love till now? Forswear it, sight! For I ne’er saw true beauty till this night.”
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Romeo
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Who said this…? “I dreamt a dream tonight.”
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Romeo
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What are two important political decisions Prince Escalus makes after the Montague-Capulet brawl in Act I Scene 1?
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(1) death penalty (2) meet with the families separately
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What is connotation?
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implied meaning/emotional connection & feeling to a word; either positive or negative
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What is denotation?
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literal meaning/dictionary definition
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Who is Benvolio?
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Romeo’s cousin, same age
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Who is Lord/Lady Montague?
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Romeo’s parents
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Who is Romeo & how old?
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A Montague, 16
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Who is Tybalt?
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Juliet’s cousin, similar age
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Who is Lord/Lady Capulet?
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Juliet’s Parents
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Who is Juliet & how old?
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A Capulet, 13 years old (almost 14)
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What is the setting?
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Verona, Italy 14th century
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Why do you think the story would begin with the servants?
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It shows how deep the hatred goes
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Describe Benvolio
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His name literally means well wishing, he’s a good guy & always thinks about others
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Describe Tybalt
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impulsive, agressive, hates peace
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Who is Benvolio’s foil?
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Tybalt
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Who is Prince Escalus?
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the prince of Verona, he is neutral, responsible for mantaining peace in Verona, established how fighting between families would now result in death penalty= stakes are high, decided to counsel families individually
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In Scene 1, describe Romeo
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distracted by something, implied that he doesn’t have what he wants, has been crying, isolating himself, & running away
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What is an oxymoron?
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2 words used together that contradict themselves
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In Scene 1, what oxymorons did Romeo use to describe love?
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brawling love, loving hate, heavy lightness, serious vanity, still-waking sleep, cold fire, bright smoke, sick health
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In Scene 1, what metaphors does Romeo use to describe love?
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-smoke made w the fume of sighs -sea nourished w loving tears -a fire sparkling in lover’s eyes
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In Scene 1, what is Romeo’s attitude towards love?
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he’s confused and blinded by love
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Describe Petrarchan love
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– lover must suffer from MELANCHOLY for sake of the beloved – the beloved must REJECT/IGNORE lover’s attentions – the lover must WRITE BEAUTIFUL POETRY to the beloved – the lover must suffer from the pangs of UNREQUITED LOVE
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Describe Petrachan Love Poetry
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– focuses on the physical – references nature to express beauty – in love w the IDEA of being in love
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What was the legal age a person could get married back then vs. the social norm?
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legal for 14 y.o. boy & 12 y.o. girl to get married, however most married in their early 20s
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What was the underlying purpose of Juliet’s almost 14th birthday party?
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to meet bachelors
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Who is Paris?
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possibly husband of Juliet, mid 20s & royalty
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How does Lord Capulet feel about Paris’ marriage offer?
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he isn’t against the offer, but is hesitant because… – age difference – Juliet is his only daughter – he wants Juliet to love this man
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How do Romeo & Benvolio accidentally get invited to Juliet’s party?
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Illiterate Capulet servant has guest list and asks them if they are on the list bc he can’t read it
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How is Romeo saying he loved Rosaline the whole beginning of the play dramatic irony?
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the readers know that Romeo will eventually move on and fall deeply in love w Juliet
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Who is the nurse & what is her relationship w Juliet?
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a maid to the Capulets, like a second mother to Juliet
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Describe Juliet & Lady Capulets relationship vs. Juliet & the nurse
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Juliet & Lady Capulet: very rigid and formal relationship, Juliet is forced to be professional w her strict mother Juliet & Nurse: nurturing relationship, more comfortable and close
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What is conceit? What example of this is there in the play?
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an extended metaphor; when Lady Capulet compared Paris to a book
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How does Lady Capulet feel about Paris’ marriage offer?
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Although she thinks Juliet is young, she encourages Juliet to look at Paris. Ultimately, Lady Capulet wants an easy & beneficial life for Juliet and she would have that w Paris.
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How does Juliet feel about Paris’ marriage offer?
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Juliet says she will look at Paris and see if she loves him, but if not then she won’t marry him. In a way, she is being rebellious, yet somewhat obedient.
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Who is Mercutio?
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the best friend of Romeo, neither a Montague nor Capulet, yet would be biased in favor to Montagues because of Romeo
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Describe Mercutio
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not very romantic, believes love isn’t worth getting worked up over, he kind of mocks & exposes Romeo for only loving Rosaline’s beauty
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Who is Queen Mab & how is she used in the story?
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Queen Mab is the queen of the fairies who comes at night to bring dreams to a person She is made up by Mercutio to laugh at dreamers, Mercutio mocks Romeo by referring to Queen Mab
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How are Romeo & Mercutio foiling characters?
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Romeo is a dreamer vs. Mercutio who’s a realist
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What is premonition & how does it play a role in the story?
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Premonition- gut feeling that something is going to happen Romeo has premonition that this party will end badly or lead to a dangerous situation, ultimately he is right
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How is Romeo’s premonition about this party dramatic irony?
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readers know Romeo’s actions at the party WILL lead to his death and that his premonition is correct
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Why does Romeo still go to the party if he has this bad feeling?
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Romeo is a huge believer of destiny & fate, he doesn’t see himself as in control of his own life. Thinks that if he dies at this party, then it was his time to go, it was out of his hands.
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Why did the movie use the fish tank to have Romeo & Juliet first meet?
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– because fish tank is in the way, they are viewing themselves solely on visuals- they cant talk through a fish tank – water creates a distorted view of each other, love is distorted – shows separation of two worlds – reference to Benvolio saying there were “other fish in the sea” other than Rosaline
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What happens after Romeo meets Juliet? What does this show about Romeo?
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Romeo is immediately over Rosaline. It shows that Romeo is impulsive, shallow, a hopeless romantic, & over dramatic
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What is a motif? What motifs are used in the play?
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motif- reoccuring element throughout a story, could be images, words or ideas ex. the use of birds in the story swans & doves= beautiful crows= ugly
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Why did Shakespeare include Tybalt in scene 5?
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– reminds the ready of family tension – helps develop Tybalt as a character – foreshadows that Tybalt might harm Romeo later in the story
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Should readers blame Tybalt for his actions?
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no, – he was raised to hate Montagues – he is protective over Juliet
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What is the best way to handle enemies? How does this relate to Lord Capulet & Tybalt?
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Best way to handle enemies is to endure/ deal with them. Tybalt wants to get revenge on his enemies vs. Lord Capulet who believes to deal w your enemies. Lord Capulet is wiser than Tybalt in this way.
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What happens in Romeo & Juliet’s first conversation?
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– keep referring to Pilgrims, Romeo comparing himself as on a journey to visit the holy and sacred site of Juliet
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What does Romeo & Juliet’s first dialogue create?
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a sonnet
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What does Juliet say after finding out that Romeo is a Montague?
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She says if Romeo isn’t available, then she’d rather die single (another example of dramatic irony) Juliet says that it’s too late and now she’s already in love w a Montague by mistake
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What does prodigious mean and how does it relate to Juliet?
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bad luck, Juliet believes it’s her bad fate to be a Capulet because now she can’t be with Romeo
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What’s an allusion & how is it used in the story?
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allusion- reference to something (noun) – to allude to something (verb) ex. historical, literary, biblical, mythological In text, Romeo compares Juliet to Dian’s wit= example of a mythological allusion
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What is prose vs. poetry?
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prose= ordinary language poetry= sound, rhythm, & rhyme of language
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What is rhythm?
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poetic meter
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What is a metric foot? List an example
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metric foot- a certain # of stressed & unstressed syllables, forming a distinct unit ex. iamb= 1 unstressed syllable followed by 1 stressed syllable
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Why did Shakespeare use Iambic Pentameter in his plays?
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– times when characters are feeling strong emotions (passionate, introspective, momentous)
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What is blank verse?
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(created by Shakespeare) a sonnet without rhyme/ unrhymed iambic pentameter
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What does Iambic Pentameter resemble?
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the beating of a heart when feeling strong emotions

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