Romantic – Flashcard

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The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
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Ludwig van Beethoven.
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The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of
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death.
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Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso All answers are correct. pianist. cellist. conductor.
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pianist.
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Schubert’s primary source of income came from his
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musical compositions.
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When a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as
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through-composed.
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Which of the following statements is not true? In addition to symphonies, operas, string quartets and other chamber works, Schubert composed over six hundred songs. Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output. At the time of his death, Schubert’s reputation was mainly that of a fine song composer. Franz Schubert led a bohemian existence, living with friends because he had no money to rent a room of his own.
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Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.
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One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
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The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
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lied
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The form of The Erlking is strophic. modified strophic. through-composed. None of these.
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through-composed.
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As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of
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Niccolò Paganini.
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Robert Schumann’s Carnaval is a(n)
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cycle of piano pieces.
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Which of the following composers is not associated with the romantic period? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Frédéric Chopin Giuseppe Verdi Robert Schumann
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a
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postlude.
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The 1844 Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by
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Hector Berlioz.
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Clara Wieck Schumann’s “Romance in E minor” op.11, uses the form of
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ABA’Coda.
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Johannes Brahms
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was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann.
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The high point of Mendelssohn’s career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England.
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Elijah
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Schubert’s songs number more than
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600.
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Which of the following is not typical of Robert Schumann’s works? They are usually linked with descriptive titles, texts, or programs. They are all written for the piano. They are essentially lyrical in nature. They are intensely autobiographical.
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They are all written for the piano.
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The ___________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.
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polonaise
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Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting? Fantasy Exoticism Emotional restraint Emotional subjectivity
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Emotional restraint
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When music conservatories were founded, women
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were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition.
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Most of Chopin’s pieces
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are exquisite miniatures.
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The opening of Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto in E minor is unusual in that
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the main theme is presented by the soloist.
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Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
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symphonic poem
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A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the
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nocturne.
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Which of the following statements is not true? Music conservatories were founded in Chicago, Cleveland, Boston, Oberlin, and Philadelphia during the 1860s. Romantic musicians often composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron. The nineteenth-century public was captivated by virtuosity. Romantic composers wrote primarily for a middle-class audience whose size and prosperity had increased because of the industrial revolution.
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Romantic musicians often composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron.
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A leading pianist of the nineteenth century, Clara Schumann
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did some composing, but considered herself primarily a performer.
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Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
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Robert Schumann.
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When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as
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strophic.
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Romanze (romance) in the nineteenth century was often used for a(n)
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short, lyrical piece for piano or solo instrument with piano accompaniment.
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A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was
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Franz Liszt.
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Fascination with national identity also led composers to draw on colorful materials from foreign lands, a trend known as musical
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exoticism.
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Schubert
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was the first great master of the romantic art song.
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Which of the following statements is not true? Romantic composers relied upon a more prominent use of chromatic harmony, or the use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale. A romantic composition tends to have a wide variety of keys and rapid modulations. Romantic music puts unprecedented emphasis on self-expression and individuality of style. Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.
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Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.
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Mendelssohn earned an international reputation, and rekindled an interest in the earlier composer’s music, by conducting the first performance since the composer’s death of
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Bach’s St. Matthew Passion.
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During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only
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piano pieces.
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All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except Niccolò Paganini. Franz Liszt. Hector Berlioz. Clara Wieck Schumann.
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Hector Berlioz.
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In the 1830s, Paris was the home of Victor Hugo, Honoré de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine. a center of romanticism. All answers are correct. the artistic capital of Europe.
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All answers are correct.
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Clara Schumann
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stopped composing at the age of thirty-six when her husband died.
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Which of the following statements is not true? As a stupendous performer, innovative composer, and charismatic personality, Franz Liszt typified the romantic movement. The literary works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe were among Franz Liszt’s favorite inspirations. During the last years of his life, Liszt settled in Rome and devoted himself solely to his religious duties. To display his incomparable piano mastery, Liszt composed his Transcendental Etudes and made piano transcriptions of Paganini’s violin pieces.
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During the last years of his life, Liszt settled in Rome and devoted himself solely to his religious duties.
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Mendelssohn wrote in all musical forms except oratorios. operas. symphonies. string quartets.
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operas.
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Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist’s left hand because
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the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.
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Because of the French Revolution and the __________________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and “composers in residence”.
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Napoleonic Wars
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Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years
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1820-1900
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Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and of her close friend
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Johannes Brahms.
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While in Paris, Chopin All answers are correct. gave a great number of successful public concerts. married the famous writer Aurore Dudevant. earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich.
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earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich.
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The writer whose literary works greatly inspired Franz Liszt was
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
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By the age of thirteen, Mendelssohn had written ____________ of astounding quality. All answers are correct. sonatas vocal works. symphonies and concertos
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All answers are correct.
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Chopin’s output is
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relatively small.
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A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was
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Niccolò Paganini.
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The orchestra in the romantic period
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was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.
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Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
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Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Which of the following statements is not true? Many of Chopin’s most poetic effects come from the sensitive exploitation of the piano’s pedals. Chopin was a shy, reserved man who disliked crowds and preferred to play in salons rather than in public concert halls. Chopin’s piano Ă©tudes, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value. In the 1830s Paris was a center of romanticism and the artistic capital of Europe.
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Chopin’s piano Ă©tudes, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value.
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A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo, characteristically employed in the performance of much romantic music, is
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rubato.
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Liszt’s piano works are characterized by an unprecedented range of dynamics. All answers are correct. rapid octaves and daring leaps. arpeggios.
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All answers are correct.
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As a composer, Clara Schumann
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wrote songs, piano pieces, a piano concerto, and a trio for piano, violin, and cello.
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An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians.
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100
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The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as
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nationalism.
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A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
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A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
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Liszt typified the romantic movement because he had a charismatic personality. All answers are correct. was an innovative composer. was a stupendous performer.
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All answers are correct.
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Which of the following statements is not true? To intensify the expression of the music, romantic performers made use of rubato, the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo. Romantic composers rejected the basic forms of the classical period and preferred to develop new forms of their own. Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration, published in 1844, signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself. Musical nationalism was expressed when romantic composers deliberately created music with a specific national identity.
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Romantic composers rejected the basic forms of the classical period and preferred to develop new forms of their own.
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The three movements of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin
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are played without pause.
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An art song is a musical composition for multiple voices. solo voice and piano. All answers are correct. solo voice and orchestra.
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solo voice and piano.
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The rise of the urban middle class led to the development of regular subscription concerts. piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home. formation of many orchestras and opera groups. All answers are correct.
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All answers are correct.
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Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
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Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands. All answers are correct. using their national legends as subject matter. basing their music on the folk songs of their country.
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All answers are correct.
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During his teens and twenties, Franz Liszt lived in
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Paris.
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Schubert wrote compositions in every musical genre except string quartets. symphonies. piano concertos. operas.
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piano concertos.
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Liszt established himself as a conductor and champion of contemporary music in the city of
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Weimar.
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Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at __________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
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Weimar
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Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as
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thematic transformation.
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Schubert wrote a number of symphonies and chamber works that are comparable in power and emotional intensity to those of his idol,
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Beethoven.
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Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period? The use of the damper pedal allowed a sonorous blend of tones from all registers of the piano. The piano’s hammers were covered with felt. A cast-iron frame was introduced to hold the strings under greater tension. The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period.
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The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period.
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Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
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soloist, who presents the main theme.
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Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song? Through-composed, a translation of the German term durchkomponiert, is a song form that allows music to reflect a poem’s changing moods. The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer’s conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the voice. The art song is restricted to strophic or through-composed forms. A song cycle is a set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs.
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The art song is restricted to strophic or through-composed forms.
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Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
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exoticism.
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Program music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. music that depicts aspects of nature. vocal music that tells a story. All answers are correct.
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instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
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Clara Wieck was All answers are correct. Schumann’s wife. the daughter of Schumann’s piano teacher. a virtuoso pianist.
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All answers are correct.
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Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism? A fascination with fantasy An interest in exoticism and the past An enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
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An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
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Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than
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nature.
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A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as
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an etude.
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The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
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Heinrich Heine.
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A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
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rubato.
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The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the
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galloping horse.
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Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and
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mazurkas.
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Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n)
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conductor.
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Verdi’s great comic masterpiece, written when he was seventy-nine, is
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Falstaff.
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A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
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symphonic poem
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Absolute music is also known as
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non-program music.
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Some of Puccini’s operas feature exoticism, as in his use of melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Japanese and Chinese music in his operas
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Madame Butterfly and Turandot.
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Brahms’s musical trademarks included All answers are correct. the use of two notes against three. bombastic flamboyance. the use of da capo arias.
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the use of two notes against three.
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Siegmund, in Wagner’s opera Die WalkĂĽre, is Wotan’s son by a mortal woman. Siegfried’s father. All answers are correct. Sieglinde’s brother, then wife.
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All answers are correct.
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Antonin Dvořák’s music was first promoted by Richard Wagner. Johannes Brahms. Hector Berlioz. Franz Liszt.
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Johannes Brahms.
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Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called
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program music.
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second movement of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin is in _____ form.
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ABA’
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In the first movement of the New World Symphony, Dvořák
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composed a theme that resembles Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.
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The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by
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Wagner himself.
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Which of the following statements is not true? Tchaikovsky, with elements of French, Italian, and German music as well as Russian folk songs, fused national and international elements to produce intensely subjective and passionate music. Tchaikovsky’s progress in music was so rapid that after graduating from the St. Petersburg Conservatory he became professor of harmony at the new Moscow Conservatory. Tchaikovsky, while not a member of the “Russian five,” considered himself as Russian in the fullest sense of the word. Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook.
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Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook.
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In comparison to some earlier composers, Brahms’s musical output may be considered small. This is explained in part by the fact that Brahms
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was extremely critical of his own work, and endlessly revised his compositions.
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The popular character of the New World Symphony can be traced to the composer’s use of ___________ often found in folk music. syncopations pentatonic scales modal scales all of these
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all of these
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Wagner was appointed conductor of the Dresden opera mainly because of the success of his first opera
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Rienzi.
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Brahms’s works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of All answers are correct. Joseph Haydn. Ludwig van Beethoven. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
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All answers are correct.
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At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Overture was
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a dismal failure.
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Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
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Moldau.
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Which of the following statements is not true? The symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a one-movement composition in sonata-allegro form. Musicians and audiences in the romantic period liked to read stories into all music, whether intended by the composer or not. The romantic concert overture was modeled after the opera overture, but the concert overture is not intended to usher in a stage work, being instead an independent composition. While music alone makes no definite reference to ideas, emotions, or objects, it can create moods, emotions, and atmosphere.
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The symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a one-movement composition in sonata-allegro form.
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The soul of a Verdi opera is
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expressive vocal melody.
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In 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
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the Prix de Rome.
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Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
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Bayreuth.
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Non-program music is also known as _____________ music.
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absolute
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Rigoletto, the title role in Giuseppe Verdi’s opera, is all of the following except the romantic lover. the father of Gilda. a hunchback. a court jester to the Duke of Mantua.
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the romantic lover.
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Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its amazingly novel orchestration. vivid description of the weird and diabolical. sensationally autobiographical program. All answers are correct.
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All answers are correct.
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The composer who developed the symphonic poem was Ludwig van Beethoven. Franz Schubert. Franz Liszt. Richard Strauss.
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Franz Liszt.
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Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ____________ never before heard.
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tone colors
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Antonin Dvořák’s Symphony No. 9 is his most famous work. is subtitled From the New World. glorifies both the Czech and the American folk spirit. All answers are correct.
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All answers are correct.
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The “father of Russian music” is
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Mikhail Glinka.
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An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
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verismo.
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Giacomo Puccini’s first successful opera was
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Manon Lescaut.
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Nadezhda von Meck was
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a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.
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Which of the following countries did not produce important composers whose music had a national flavor? Portugal Norway Russia Bohemia
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Portugal
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Which of the following operas was not composed by Richard Wagner? Tristan and Isolde Fidelio Die Meistersinger von NĂĽrnberg Parsifal
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Fidelio
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Verdi’s first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
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Nabucco.
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one.
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Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of
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incidental music.
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Valhalla, in Wagner’s Ring cycle, is
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Wotan’s castle.
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Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky? Romeo and Juliet Pictures at an Exhibition Swan Lake Symphony No. 6 (Pathétique)
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Pictures at an Exhibition
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Which of the following statements is not true? Berlioz was an extraordinarily imaginative and innovative orchestrator. All of Berlioz’s major works are dramatic in nature and relate either to a literary program or to a text. Berlioz’s reputation outside France was even lower than it was in his homeland. In 1830 Berlioz won the Paris Conservatory’s Prix de Rome which granted him two years’ subsidized study in Rome.
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Berlioz’s reputation outside France was even lower than it was in his homeland.
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Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they
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seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love.
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The second movement of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony is a ______________, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
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waltz
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Bedřich Smetana was the founder of Czech national music. was a leading composer of symphonies. All answers are correct. served as a member of the Austrian provincial government.
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was the founder of Czech national music.
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At the end of the first act of Wagner’s opera Die WalkĂĽre, All answers are correct. Siegmund draws the magical sword Nothung from the tree. Siegmund embraces Sieglinde with passionate fervor. Sieglinde recognizes the stranger as her brother and renames him Siegmund.
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All answers are correct.
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The citizen’s sense of national identify and patriotic feelings were intensified by romanticism, which glorified love for one’s national heritage. military resistance to Napoleon. All answers are correct. common bonds of language, culture, and history.
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All answers are correct.
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Verdi’s later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have All answers are correct. greater musical continuity. less difference between aria and recitative. more imaginative orchestrations.
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All answers are correct.
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Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in _________________, solely for performances of his music dramas.
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Bayreuth, Bavaria
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In Puccini’s La Bohème, Rodolfo is a young
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poet.
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Dvořák “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in
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African American spirituals.
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In the first movement of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin, the cadenza
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appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation.
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The famous aria La donna è mobile is taken from Verdi’s opera
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Rigoletto.
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A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called
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leitmotif.
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The course of Brahms’s artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer
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Robert Schumann and his wife Clara.
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Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet is
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a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form.
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In 1892, Dvořák went to ___________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
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New York
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Which of the following statements is not true? The Italian opera composer Giuseppe Verdi deliberately chose librettos that fanned public hatred for Austrian overlords. In the romantic era, it was felt that the “national spirit” of a people resided in the “folk,” the peasantry. The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Italy, France, Germany, and Austria. During the nineteenth century, Europeans felt strongly that their homelands merited loyalty and self-sacrifice.
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The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Italy, France, Germany, and Austria.
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Which of the following statements is not true? Verdi composed primarily for the Italian musical elite, those who would best appreciate his talents. In the course of his long life, Verdi’s style became less conventional, more subtle and flexible, with more imaginative orchestrations and richer accompaniments. Giuseppe Verdi, the most popular of all opera composers, was born to a poor family in a tiny Italian village. The soul of a Verdi opera is its expressive vocal melody.
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Verdi composed primarily for the Italian musical elite, those who would best appreciate his talents.
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The fourth movement of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony depicts a
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march to the scaffold.
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The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Russia. the Scandinavian countries. Poland and Bohemia. All answers are correct.
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All answers are correct.
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When he was fifteen, Wagner was overwhelmed by the power of the music of
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Ludwig van Beethoven.
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Verdi studied music in _________, the city where Italy’s most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
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Milan
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The founder of Czech national music was
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Bedřich Smetana.
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Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as
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incidental music.
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Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under ____________ domination.
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Austrian
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As one of the first great ____________, Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians.
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orchestral conductors
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Who sings the aria Che gelida manina (What a cold little hand) in La Bohème?
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Rodolfo
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Richard Wagner’s first successful opera was
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Rienzi.
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The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by
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Giacomo Puccini.
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The first movement of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin is linked to the introduction of the second movement by a(n)
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single bassoon tone.
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The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s
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love for the actress Harriet Smithson.
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Which of the following is not an opera by Berlioz? Beatrice and Benedict Benvenuto Cellini The Trojans Otello
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Otello
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Which of the following is not a ballet by Tchaikovsky? The Nutcracker Swan Lake Coppelia The Sleeping Beauty
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Coppelia
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The writer whose works had the greatest impact on the young Berlioz was
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William Shakespeare.
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Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas
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to entertain a mass public.
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Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini? Tosca Madame Butterfly I Pagliacci Turandot
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I Pagliacci
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Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any
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operas.
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Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony
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ends with a slow, despairing finale.
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The German master _____________ recommended Dvořák’s music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvořák’s fame.
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Johannes Brahms
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Richard Wagner spins an orchestral web out of recurrent musical themes called
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leitmotifs.
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The work referred to by Beethoven as an “expression of feeling rather than painting” was his
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Symphony No. 6.
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Richard Wagner’s last opera was
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Parsifal.
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Giacomo Puccini’s opera La Bohème takes place in
answer

Paris.
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In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
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musical journalism.
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A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
answer

program symphony
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The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
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idée fixe.
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Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a
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light for her candle.
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The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was
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Ludwig van Beethoven.
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The opera that laid the groundwork for a Russian national style, A Life for the Tsar, was composed by
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Mikhail Glinka.
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Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?
answer

Cavalleria rusticana

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