Romantic Period (Study Guide)

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Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berloiz and A. Robert Schumman B. Franz Lizst C. Niccoli Paganini D. Giusippe Verdi
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Robert Schumann
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An art song is a musical composition for A. solo voice and piano B. solo voice and orchestra C. multiple voices D. all of the above
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solo voice and piano
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The word ____ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text. A. lied B. durchkomponiert C. chanson D. ballade
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lied
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Which of the following is not an early romantic composer? A. Schumann B. Chopin C. Mozart D. Berloiz
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Mozart
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Fascination with national identity also lead composers to draw on colorful materials from foreign lands, a trend known as musical A. nationalism B. exoticism C. collectivism D. individualism
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nationalism
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The purpose of using chromatic chords in Romantic music was to A. create scores for musicians to read B. length the phrases of the main themes C. provide an opportunity for more experienced musicians to display their skill D. add color and motion
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add color and motion
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By the end of the Romantic Era, an orchestra might include ____ musicians A. 100 B. 150 C. 200 D. 250
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100
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Program music is A. music that depicts aspects of nature B. vocal music that tells a story C. instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene D. all of the above
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instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
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The favorite instrument of the romantic age was the A. piano B. viola C. trumpet D. piccolo
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piano
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A group of art songs organized around a single topic is called a A. song cycle B. tone poem C. sonata D. concerto
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song cycle
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A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was A. Clara Schumann B. Niccolo Paganini C. Robert Schumann D. Frederic Chopin
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Niccolo Paganini
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Which characteristic is not true of Robert Schumann’s music A. intensively autobiographical B. never uses descriptive titles and programs C. essential lyrical in nature D. all answers are true
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never uses descriptive titles and programs
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During his first ten years of his creative life, Robert Schumann published only A. songs B. piano pieces C. symphonies D. musical criticism
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piano pieces
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Clara Schumann considered herself primarily A. a singer B. a conductor C. a pianist D. a composer
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a pianist
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Clara Wieck was A. one of the leading concert pianist of the nineteenth century B. child prodigy C. the wife of the composer Robert Schumann D. all of the above
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all of the above
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Johannes Brahms a. was an admirer of Robert Schumann, but never met him b. was a violinist who performed Clara Schumann’s compositions c. was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann d. marries Clara Schumann after her husband died
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He was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann
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While in Paris, Chopin a. married the famous writer Aurore Dudevant b. earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich c. gave a great number of successful public concerts d. all of the above
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earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich
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Chopin was a. an extrovert virtuoso b. robust and flamboyant c. sloppy and careless in dress d. shy and reserved
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shy and reserved
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Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polanaises and a. polkas b. folk songs c. waltzes d. muzurkas
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muzurkas
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Most of Chopin’s pieces are a. exquisite miniatures b. are for a wide range of media c. have limited variety of moods d. have literary programs and titles
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exquisite miniatures
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A character piece is ashort piano piece, usually lyrical and light usually expressing a. contrasting moods b. usually for night time performances c. one single mood d. flamboyance
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one single mood
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In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as a. motivic repetition b. thematic transformation c. sequential restatement d. cohesive unification
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thematic transformation
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Until the age of thirty-six, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso a. violinist b. conductor c. cellist d. pianist
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pianist
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Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of a. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina b. Johann Sebastian Bach c. George Frideric Handel d. Franz Schubert
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Johann Sebastian Bach
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The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berloiz’s a. intense nationalism b. experiences in Rome c. love for the actress Harriet Smithson d. interest in composing for small, intense ensembles
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love for the actress Harriet Smithson
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In order to support his family, Berloiz turned to a. medicine b. musical journalism c. arranging concerts d. teaching
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musical journalism
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Outside France, Berloiz enjoyed a great career as a(n) a. conductor b. concert pianist c. singer d. impresario
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conductor
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The contrasting episodes of Berloiz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the a. subject b. Smithson theme c. leitmotif d. idee fix
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idee fix
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The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the Fantastic Symphony is the a. Ave Maria b. alleluia c. bendictus d. Dies irae
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Dies irae
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The opera that laid the groundwork for a Russian national style, A Life for a Tsar, was composed by a. Modest Mussorgsky b. Cesar Cui c. Nikolai Rimsky Korsakov d. Mikhail Glinka
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Mikhail Glinka
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The most original, and probably the greatest of the Russian five, was a. Cesar Cui b. Modest Mussorgsky c. Alexander Borodin d. Mily Balakirev
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Mily Balakirev
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The founder of the Czech national music was a. Cesar Cui b. Antonin Dvorak c. Bedrich Smetana d. Boris Godunov
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Bedrich Smetana
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Antonin Dvorak’s Symphony no. 9 a. is his most famous work b. is subtitled From the New World c. glorifies Czech and American folk spirits d. all of the above
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all of the above
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In 1892 Dvorak went to ____ were for three years, he was the director of the National Conservatory of Music. A. London B. New York C. Prague D. Leipzig
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New York
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Antonin Dvorak music was first promoted by a. Franz Liszt b. Richard Wagner c. Hector Beloiz d. Johannes Brahms
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Johannes Brahms
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikosky a. was a child prodigy, learning music at an early age b. preferred his government position to music c. studied music theory and violin as a teenager d. began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one
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began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one
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Nadezhda von Meck was a. one of Tchaikosky lovers b. a wealthy benefactress who provided for Tchaikosky wwith an annuity c. Tachikovsky’s wife d. the inspiration for his Romeo and Juliet
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a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity
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Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky? a. Symphony No. 6 (Pathetique) b. Russian Easter Overture c. Marche Slave d. Overture 1812
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Russian Easter Overture
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Which of the following was not a ballet by Tchaikovsky? a. Swan Lake b. The Sleeping Beauty c. The Nutcracker d. Coppelia
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Coppelia
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Tchaikovsky’s Overture-Fantasy Romeo and Juliet is a(n) a. overture to an opera b. overture to a ballet c. symphonic poem d. concert overture
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concert overture
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Which of the following statements is not true? a. One of Brahm’s musical trademarks is his exotic orchestration. b. When he was thirteen, Brahms studied piano, music, and composition during the day and played dance music for prostitutes and their clients in waterfront bars at night c. Brahms was a romantic who breathed a new life into classical forms d. As conductor of the Viennese musical society, Brahms introduced many forgotten works especially the works of composers such as Hayden, Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven
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One of Brahm’s musical trademarks is his exotic orchestration.
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Brahms created masterpieces in all the traditional forms except a. lieder b. opera c. choral music d. chamber music
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opera
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Brahms’s work, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of a. Joseph Hayden b. Wolfgang c. Ludwig van Beethoven d. all of the above
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all of the above
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The first American concert pianist to gain international recognition a. Henry T. Burleigh b. Charles Ives c. Stephen Foster d. Louie Moreau Gottchalk
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Louie Moreau Gottchalk

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