Review Ch.#16

question

An osteopath (D.O) does not complete the same level of training as a physician who is an M.D.
answer

False
question

Chiropractic medicine is based on the idea that
answer

energy flows through the spine via nerves, and if the spine is not properly aligned the energy is disrupted.
question

If an insurance policy covers 90 percent of your total medical bills, the remaining 10 percent that you must pay is your
answer

coinsurance amount.
question

All of the following statements are true about traditional Western medical practice EXCEPT
answer

all treatments have had the benefit of extensive clinical trials.
question

Before considering an alternative medical treatment, a wise consumer will do all of the following EXCEPT
answer

take practitioners’ claims at face value.
question

A woman has experienced multiple symptoms, including fatigue and depression, for which her doctor has not been of much help. She decides to participate in a native tribal ceremony that involves a shaman holding his hands just above her body. Within days of the ceremony, her symptoms have improved. This treatment method is an example of
answer

therapeutic or healing touch.
question

Which supplement is said to be useful as a laxative and may have some effect in lowering cholesterol?
answer

Flaxseed
question

Ayurveda refers to
answer

you will be responsible for paying an additional 30% of the costs associated with treatment by an out-of-network provider.
question

In a clinical trial for a new pain medication, Hayden was given an inactive substance instead of an actual drug. After taking it, however, his headache improved. This resulted from the
answer

placebo effect.
question

Prior to taking an herbal supplement that claims to increase muscle mass, Jermaine should consult all the following EXCEPT
answer

his personal trainer at the gym.
question

Which form of energy medicine is derived from the Japanese words representing “universal” and “vital energy”?
answer

Reiki
question

Taking responsibility for your health care includes all of the following EXCEPT
answer

using over-the-counter medications to treat a sudden, serious illness.
question

Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription as part of self-care are
answer

over-the-counter drugs.
question

All patients have the legal right to refuse or cease treatment.
answer

True
question

Due to the differences in training, an osteopathic physician would probably have more experience dealing with which condition than a medical doctor?
answer

Low back pain
question

What do preferred provider organizations (PPOs) and point of service (POS) plans have in common?
answer

Both allow patients to seek outside care but require patients to pay the extra cost.
question

Communication with health care providers can be improved by all of the following EXCEPT
answer

relying on your health care provider for all information on health care iss
question

Before receiving any care, patients must be made aware of the treatment plan and any potential risks involved. This is known as the right
answer

of informed consent.
question

An optometrist
answer

performs eye exams and prescribes and fits lenses.
question

You should consult a physician
answer

to treat a reaction to an insect bite.
question

College and university health insurance plans for students usually
answer

are short-term, noncatastrophic plans with limited benefits.
question

A set fee that an insurance plan requires that patients pay at the time of service (per office visit or prescription) is the
answer

copayment
question

Although you study for hours, your memory seems to fail you when taking an exam. To improve your memory, you are considering trying
answer

ginkgo biloba.
question

The majority of health care dollars in the United States are spent on
answer

government administration.
question

An optometrist holds a medical degree and can perform eye surgery.
answer

False
question

All of the following are true about dietary supplements EXCEPT
answer

they are fully regulated and safe to consume.
question

they are fully regulated and safe to consume.
answer

breast cancer.
question

Which scientific field studies interrelationships among behavioral, neural, endocrine, and immune processes?
answer

Psychoneuroimmunology
question

Most private health insurance plans require the patient to a pay a certain amount each year toward health care expenses before the plan benefits begin; this amount is the
answer

deductible
question

All of the following are provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) EXCEPT
answer

coverage for young adults on a parent’s plan through age 30.
question

Which type of health insurance plan involves a contracted provider network and a focus on preventive care and cost control?
answer

Managed care
question

Your mom’s doctor works at a hospital accredited by the Joint Commission. This type of accreditation indicates that
answer

all practitioner education, licensing, and training qualifications have been verified
question

You should seek expert medical care if you experience any of the following EXCEPT
answer

symptoms of the flu.
question

The legal term for improper or negligent treatment of a patient by a health care provider that results in loss or harm to the patient is
answer

malpractice
question

The CAM therapy that Americans have come to rely on heavily for treatment of musculoskeletal problems and that many insurance companies will now cover is
answer

chiropractic medicine.
question

A Japanese massage technique based on applying pressure to specified points on the body to help with the flow of vital energy is
answer

shiatsu
question

Concerns about HMOs include all of the following EXCEPT
answer

the high cost of copayments.
question

The primary care practitioner in your school’s health clinic has a master’s degree and is authorized to perform exams, conduct diagnostic tests, and in some states may also prescribe medications. He is a
answer

nurse practitioner.
question

In Ayurvedic medicine, patients are diagnosed according to vital energies, which determine the treatments that are likely to work best. These vital energies are known as
answer

doshas
question

Which of the following is TRUE with respect to health care spending accounts (FSAs or HSAs)?
answer

They allow people to save money tax-free for health care costs.
question

Categories established by the federal government to determine how much a hospital will be reimbursed for the care of a patient with a particular condition or multiple conditions are
answer

diagnosis-related groups.
question

Which of the following supplements can cause liver damage?
answer

Kava
question

People who have been successfully treated with acupuncture report that they have a(n)
answer

reduced reliance on prescription drugs.
question

Cost sharing is one of the mechanisms private health care insurers use to help patients afford coverage.
answer

False
question

If you have moved to a new town and want to find a physician you can see for annual wellness exams and the treatment of routine ailments, you are seeking a(n)
answer

primary care practitioner.
question

Originally health insurance only covered major medical expenses. What effect did this type of coverage have on the medical system?
answer

It prevented minor medical problems from becoming chronic illnesses.
question

A person who administers minute doses of natural substances to cure ailments is which type of CAM practitioner?
answer

Homeopath
question

All of the following are true with respect to generic drugs EXCEPT they
answer

have the same inactive ingredients as their brand name counterpart.
question

In traditional Chinese medicine, the vital energy force that courses through the body is
answer

qi
question

All of the following are true of herbal remedies EXCEPT
answer

they cannot harm humans because they are in a natural plant form.
question

The 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to do all of the following EXCEPT
answer

deny health care coverage to those with preexisting conditions.
question

In 2013, what percentage of the American public had no health insurance?
answer

15 percent
question

All physicians must accept Medicare patients.
answer

False
question

Self-care involves all of the following EXCEPT
answer

avoiding medication and taking a “tough it out” approach to illness.
question

Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a person can be denied health coverage for a preexisting condition.
answer

False
question

You have a history of back problems and found out that your new health insurance plan will not cover any treatment related to your back problems until the policy has been in effect for 12 months. Your back problem is considered a(n)
answer

preexisting condition
question

Foods that provide a specific health benefit beyond basic nutrition are known as functional foods or
answer

nutraceuticals
question

The placebo effect is the disappearance of symptoms without any apparent reason or treatment.
answer

False
question

Regular self-care should include performing monthly breast and testicular self-examinations.
answer

True
question

The use of dietary products for therapeutic purposes is
answer

one of the most controversial domains of CAM practice.
question

According to studies in psychoneuroimmunology, which of the following would be most effective for improving a person’s immunity?
answer

Practicing relaxation and stress-management techniques
question

Allopathic medicine is based on scientifically validated methods and procedures.
answer

True
question

Sunflower seeds, oat fiber, ginger, and garlic are examples of
answer

functional foods.
question

Health insurance is based on the idea that policyholders pay affordable premiums so they never have to face catastrophic medical bills.
answer

True
question

A CAM therapy that is a manipulative practice used for relaxation, stress relief, pain management, and injury recovery is
answer

massage
question

You are concerned about the ever-increasing costs of health care, so you try to do all of the following EXCEPT
answer

use the emergency room for your routine health care.
question

A 70-year-old retired person would be eligible for health insurance coverage through
answer

Medicare
question

The ACA is intended to improve the quality of health care by emphasizing
answer

preventative care
question

Traditional Chinese medicine is an example of
answer

an alternative medical system.
question

Capitation refers to
answer

payment of a fixed monthly amount to a health-care provider per enrolled patient, regardless of the type or number of services provided.
question

When choosing a health care provider, you should examine all of the following EXCEPT
answer

their membership in local organizations such as country clubs or service clubs.
question

The health insurance program jointly funded by the states and the federal government that provides coverage for low-income individuals and families is
answer

Medicaid
question

Which term describes a type of medical practice that combines conventional medicine with CAM therapies?
answer

Integrative
question

Which of the following statements is NOT true about costs in the U.S. health care system?
answer

New technologies are lowering costs.
question

You are seeking to balance your body, mind, and spirit and restore your body’s harmony through diet, exercise, herbs, and controlled breathing. Your plan is to consult with a practitioner of
answer

Ayurvedic medicine.
question

Over-the-counter drugs are commonly used for all of the following EXCEPT
answer

diabetes
question

Most acupuncture practitioners
answer

are state licensed and regulated.
question

A payment made to an insurance company, usually on a monthly basis, to cover the cost of an insurance policy is the
answer

premium
question

Requesting an x-ray when it is unnecessary but the patient demands it would be considered defensive medicine.
answer

True
question

Treating a minor health problem yourself without seeking professional help is
answer

self-care.
question

The federally funded health insurance program that covers 99 percent of the U.S. population age 65 and older is
answer

Medicare
question

Conventional Western medical practice is known as
answer

allopathic medicine.
question

A patient is entitled to have access to all of his or her medical records.
answer

True
question

Which of the following symptoms probably does NOT warrant professional medical advice?
answer

You develop a low-grade fever and sore throat
question

How much of total U.S. health spending is currently funded by the federal government?
answer

45%
question

Self-care can be used to
answer

conduct monthly self-exams.
question

Which term describes treatments that are outside the realm of traditional Western medicine but are used in conjunction with conventional treatments?
answer

Complementary
question

One of the advantages of a single-payer health care system is
answer

rationed health care services.
question

Your father was laid off six months ago but recently started a new job. He was able to keep his health insurance during the transition through
answer

COBRA
question

Which of the following practices is considered a mind-body technique?
answer

Meditation
question

The primary difference between a board certified and board eligible physician is that a board
answer

certified physician has demonstrated competency in a given specialty.
question

The waiting period on a private insurance policy is the time a patient must wait to
answer

get coverage for a preexisting condition.
question

A form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves the insertion of fine needles at specific points along the body’s energy channels is
answer

acupuncture
question

Movement therapies include all of the following EXCEPT
answer

Reiki
question

Which of the following health professionals is least likely to be a primary health care provider?
answer

Allergist
question

Managed care is based on
answer

coordination of health care
question

The term defensive medicine refers to actions taken to
answer

avoid malpractice claims.
question

Naturopathy refers to a
answer

practice based on restoring the body’s innate ability to heal itself.
question

Physician assistants
answer

can provide treatment and write prescriptions when supervised by a physician

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member