Qualitative Research Topic 1

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positivist
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only factual knowledge gained through observation is trustworthy realist ontology- there are real wold objects apart from the human knower
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paradigm
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the beliefs and values and assumptions shared by the research community. It provides an overarching framework for research; philosophy; what its possible to gain and the research underlying it
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small q
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use of qualitative techniques that within are within a quantitative/positivist realist framework set of techniques and words as data, but view data different than a qualitative paradigm; words can be reduced to numbers
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Big Q
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refers to the use of qualitative research within a qualitative paradigm
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context
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a defining feature of qual research is that there is not one correct version of reality; reality and knowledge are linked to the ________
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perspectives, meaning
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Qual is to understand _____; _____ as situated in context
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language
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in Qual, words are analyzed as ______ which allows us to access and produce rich and thick descriptions of social context
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bottom up
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Qual is _____ ____ or theory generating -> producing understanfing from data
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subjectivity
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a strength of Qualitative research is that the researcher brings ______ and meaning which is important part o the research process
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rich, thick
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Aim of Qual research is ____ and ___ descriptions of meaning; complex, detailed accounts
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social
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Qual research sees the interdependence of individual and social/cultural systems; ot isolated from ____ context
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Experiential
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a type of qualitative research that aims to validte the meanings, views, perscpectives, experieces or the practices expressed in the data – takes pp meanings at face value -trust – in analysis: trying to capture the main patterns in pps accounts – hermeneutics of empathy – aim to understand pp experiences, voice, etc, world from pp perspective -> language as window to pp world -meaning is situated in context and experience
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hermeneutics
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interpretation and understanding
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hermeneutics of empathy
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aiming to stay close to and capture how pp views the world and report on that in report; no distrust or hidden meaning; give voice
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Critical
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a type of qualitative research that interrogates meaning and experience; doesnt take it at face value; tries to understand the influencing factors and effects of meaning researhers interpretation is most important focus not on language language is seen as a social tool ad a way of acessing social meaning language creates rather than reflects reality UNDERSTAND MEANING WITHIN A SOCIAL CONTEXT
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reflexivity
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for subjectivity to be taken into account, we need ___________ which is about reflecting on the content and process of knowledge we produce
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ontology
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theories about the nature of reality/being; all research is underpinned by this and they sit on the spectrum from realism to relativism this is the foundation for the research process and its positions give rise to epistemological frameworks
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realism
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there is an accessible reality out there; reality is unaffected by the process of research; reality is independent of the research process good research is getting close to reality
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critical realism
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assumes there is a reality out there but we can never really get there; we can only ever see the world as its refracted to us; everyones reality is different; real/knowable world sits behind subjective and socially located knowledge
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relativism
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cant access reality because what we know is always dependent upon how we go about finding out about it; can never step beyond our methods of finding out, there isnt any material reality; we cant ever access these realities directly because out methods impact and shape the reality produced; reality is dependent upon human interepretation
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experiential
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sits on realist to critical realist spectrum; ipa, interviews
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critical
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relativist; discourse analysis
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epistemological
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____ frameworkds address theories of knowledge, what counts as valid knowledge and map on to ontological positions
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positivism
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maps onto REALISM and assumes a straight forward relationship between the world and our perception of it and it separated out the practice of observation , the observer and that which is observed requires a demonstration of reality through objective, unbiased collection of data valid knowledge is obtained the scienticial tranditional remove bias and contamination aim is to discover that the truth is out there
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post positivism
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acknowledges that researchers and context influence research but still believes in the aim to know from a single truth; small q
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contextualism
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maps onto critical realist and has a foot in both positivist and constructionist accounts does not assume a single reality – light constructionst knowledge will be valid and will be in true in certain contexts the human act in context stand point theory; construism
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constructionism
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maps onto the relativist and questions the idea that knowledge is objective; sees our ways of knowing about the world as tied to our social world in which we live the world and what we know about it does not reflect an out there, a true nature of the world and ourselves; there is not this out there knowledge wauting to be discovered; rather what we know about the world is constructed and produced from various systems of meaning very socially oriented no one truth, as systems of meaning change, truth changes knowledge is SITUATED our practices as human beings shape what we know as things and we cant move these aside

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