Public Speaking Final

audience-centered
Emily has decided to give her informative speech on snakes. She has raised them since she was a young girl. When she learns that a classmate has a severe fear of snakes, she decides not to use any visual aids or to bring a snake to class. What has most influenced Emily’s decision
a. appropriate technology
b. rhetorical constructs
c. information literacy
d. audience-centered
true
Audiences respond favorably to speakers who take a conversational approach in their conversation.
a. True
b. False
the digital divide
Jean is an older student returning to school this fall to finally finish her degree after 30 years of being out of school. She has never spent much time working with computers, smartphones, or tablets. She is concerned about her grade if she can’t perform as well in class as younger students who have been using these devices since they were children. Jean is feeling the effects of:
a. the digital divide.
b. the ecological echo.
c. the technology threshold.
d. the colossal conundrum.
true
In ancient times, public speaking was known as rhetoric.
a. True
b. False
ethos
Esteban has been a fan of Neil deGrasse Tyson since he was a small child. When he goes to college he decides to major in astrophysics to follow in Tyson’s footsteps. When asked why he made this choice by a classmate, Esteban responds that Neil deGrasse Tyson is his hero and he wants to give back to his own culture through spreading scientific knowledge, just like Tyson did. Tyson’s effect on Esteban and his life could be best described by which of Aristotle’s four proofs?
a. logos
b. mythos
c. pathos
d. ethos
pathos
Amani loves sports. She particularly loves inspirational sports movies, although she finds herself crying every time she watches one. It’s just so moving to see the true stories of athletes who overcame big obstacles to achieve their dreams. This effect on Amani could be best described by which of Aristotle’s four proofs?
a. logos
b. mythos
c. pathos
d. ethos
mythos
Usama is running for political office in Colorado, a very healthy, active state. While on a hike one day, he ran into the famous Loki the wolf dog. He found that he was better able to connect to his audience when he began including this story in his stump speech. This connection could be best described by which of Aristotle’s four proofs?
a. logos
b. mythos
c. pathos
d. ethos
logos
Brandon is giving a persuasive speech on how the 1969 moon landing wasn’t a fake. He knows there are students in his classroom who believe that the moon landing wasn’t real. Brandon decides to include a detailed analysis of the moon landing photographs, that was offered by a graphics card maker, confirming the photographs must be real. Brandon’s choice to use this information could best be described by which of Aristotle’s four proofs?
a. logos
b. mythos
c. pathos
d. ethos
invention
Discovering what you want to say in a speech is best described by which of the Roman philosophers’ five arts of public speaking?
a. style
b. invention
c. memory
d. delivery
e. arrangement
arrangement
Malachi’s speech is not going well. He is almost done giving the speech and his audience just looks confused. It was about a complicated concept, and he realizes that he should have started with several definitions. He ends the speech by explaining a few basic points, thinking to himself, “at least it’s better late than never.” Malachi’s current problem is based primarily in which of the Roman philosophers’ five arts of public speaking?
a. style
b. invention
c. memory
d. delivery
e. arrangement
style
There were two speeches in a public speaking class on how fireworks work. While both had good information, one used language that offered incredibly vivid descriptions of fireworks technology while the other was more a list of facts. Which of the Roman philosophers’ five arts of public speaking best explains why the speech with the vivid descriptions will likely receive a better grade?
a. style
b. invention
c. memory
d. delivery
e. arrangement
habituation
. One of the many transferable life skills gained from a public speaking course is being more confident and managing anxiety. You gain this through:
a. habituation
b. examining the ethical value of an idea
c. increasing dynamism when speaking
d. recognizing reliable sources
increasing competence and dynamism when speaking
One of the many transferable life skills gained from a public speaking course is adapting to different audiences. You gain this through:
a. habituation
b. examining the ethical value of an idea
c. increasing competence and dynamism when speaking
d. recognizing reliable sources
true
Taking a public speaking course makes you a better listener.
a. True
b. False
understanding better what a friend has to say
At the end of the semester, you’re surprised to find that this public speaking class has helped you to become a better listener, which you demonstrate by:
a. understanding better what a friend has to say.
b. researching a company you’d like to work for.
c. critically evaluating the merit of a proposed project at work.
d. using presentation software in a speech.
true
Even in professions such as accounting, very good oral communication skills are ranked as an important professional skill set for college graduates to have.
a. True
b. False
noise
a distraction that gets in the way of a speaker’s message effectively reaching the audience is which element of the public speaking model?
a. environment
b. feedback
c. channel
d. noise
environment
Anne is giving a speech about children’s nutrition to a group of parents. The speech is well-organized and well-written, but her audience is having a hard time connecting with her because the room they are in is strewn with children’s toys, and the kids are loudly playing in the next room. Which element of the public speaking model is working against Anne in this situation?
a. environment
b. feedback
c. channel
d. message
mass media
the least interactive sphere of communication is:
a. mass media
b. face-to-face
c. mediated personal communication
d. expressive technology
listening reciprocally
When all participants in any social situation listen to one another with open minds and full attention, this is called:
a. listening reciprocally
b. optimized speaker
c. convergence
d. distance speaking
false
It is a surprising fact that women tend to be more afraid of public speaking than men.
a. True
b. False
false
Memorizing your entire speech is a good strategy for reducing public speaking anxiety.
a. True
b. False
true
Students who procrastinate usually experience more speech anxiety than those who prepare their speeches in advance.
a. True
b. False
true
Memorizing your introduction and conclusion is a good strategy for reducing public speaking anxiety.
a. True
b. False
false
On the day of your speech, it is a good idea to avoid using your voice before your presentation.
a. True
b. False
true
When you feel butterflies in your stomach before speaking, you can reduce your anxiety by labeling it “excitement” instead of “fear.”
a. True
b. False
false
To use visualization to decrease speech anxiety, you should imagine the worst possible scenario that you think could occur so that you can handle it.
a. True
b. False
are speaking in an unfamiliar setting
You are more likely to be nervous if you:
a. care deeply about your topic.
b. are speaking in an unfamiliar setting.
c. have given the speech many times before.
d. have done extensive research on the topic.
taking deep breaths
Which of the following is most likely to help you relax before a speech?
a. skipping the early part of the event and arriving right before your speech
b. taking deep breaths
c. blocking out any other speakers
d. spending time alone at the event until after your speech
e. reading your notes while others are speaking
what impression will I make?
if you are nervous about the opinion the audience will form of you, what question should you ask yourself?
a. Will the technology work?
b. What am I able to do?
c. What impression will I make?
d. How well do I know my topic?
thinks the audience is paying too much attention to the details of their speech
The “spotlight effect” refers to how a speaker:
a. focuses on one aspect of their speech in too much detail.
b. can get nervous because they are illuminated by a spotlight.
c. thinks the audience is paying too much attention to the details of their speech.
d. can suddenly panic like a deer in headlights when they begin the speech.
progressive relaxation
What method for feeling more positive about public speaking is illustrated if you focus on the muscles in the three main areas of your body, starting with your feet?
a. positive visualization
b. moderate adaptation
c. progressive relabeling
d. progressive relaxation
e. extreme motivation
relabeling
Imagine that your friend tells you that she knows she is going to “bomb” her presentation. You tell her she will “wow” the audience. Which form of speech anxiety management did you use to help your friend feel more positive about her speech?
a. relabeling
b. adaptation
c. relaxation
d. visualization
e. motivation
relabeling your feelings as a positive source of energy
If you begin to feel nervous in the middle of a speech, which of the following strategies can you use to help you reduce your nervousness?
a. exploring reasons for why you are feeling nervous
b. focusing on getting rid of your anxiety
c. relabeling your feelings as a positive source of energy
d. apologizing to the audience for mistakes during your presentation
e. shifting your eye contact away from audience members
identifying useful strategies for managing speech anxiety
After a presentation, you realize that you were most comfortable when you observed audience members in the front row nodding their heads in reaction to your speech. Which strategy for managing anxiety after a presentation did you use?
a. reinforcing your positive attitude
b. developing a plan for managing future speech anxiety
c. listening carefully to audience questions
d. identifying useful strategies for managing speech anxiety
e. recognizing speech anxiety can occur after a speech is over
don’t over analyze your anxiety
Imagine that during a presentation, you begin to feel nervous. As you feel nervous, you start to ask yourself whether you might have done something wrong to cause your anxiety. What strategy for managing speech anxiety have you forgotten at this point?
a. expect to experience less speech anxiety over time
b. focus on your audience, not on yourself
c. listen carefully to audience questions
d. never comment out loud on your speech anxiety
e. don’t over analyze your anxiety
visualization
(#)You haven’t experienced any nervousness at all throughout the speech preparation process. Then on speech day, as you walk to the front of the room, you suddenly felt extremely nervous. This experience describes all of the following EXCEPT:
a. visualization.
b. the illusion of transparency.
c. extremely normal and typical.
d. the spotlight effect.
donna will feel more nervous
Donna sits down to practice visualization before her speech. She unrealistically imagines that she is giving the most inspiring and motivational speech and that, when the speech is over, the class goes wild with enthusiastic applause. What would you predict is likely to happen on the day of the speech?
a. Donna will not feel nervous.
b. Donna will feel more nervous.
c. Donna will feel anxious as the speech starts, but then she will become less nervous as the speech continues.
d. Donna is going to give the speech of her life.
e. Donna will run terrified from the room.
not choosing a topic until the night before
Which of the following would tend to increase your speech anxiety?
a. beginning the research process early
b. choosing a topic instead of having a topic assigned to you
c. choosing a topic that you care about
d. not choosing a topic until the night before
the theory that anxiety is increased when individuals face an unfamiliar situation
What is uncertainty reduction theory?
a. The theory that anxiety is reduced when individuals face an unfamiliar situation.
b. The theory that to reduce uncertainty, we should increase interaction with the public.
c. The theory that anxiety is increased when individuals face an unfamiliar situation.
d. The theory that to reduce uncertainty, students should break up their everyday routines
the communication climate
The psychological and emotional tone that develops as communicators interact with each other is known as:
a. interpersonal communication
b. style matching
c. the communication climate
d. organizational communication
interpreting
You grew up in a family that avoids swearing in public, so when you hear it in a speech you find it hard not to feel as if the speaker is being extremely inappropriate. This is which component of the HURIER model?
a. remembering
b. interpreting
c. understanding
d. hearing
e. evaluating
critical
You are driving and listening to your favorite radio station which brings in experts to debate current political, economic, and social issues. This is most likely which type of listening?
a. empathic
b. content
c. appreciative
d. critical
critical
You are listening to a political debate, and trying to decide which candidate you’d like to support. This is most likely which type of listening?
a. empathic
b. content
c. appreciative
d. critical
empathic
You are attending a funeral for a friend, and listening to the mother speak. This is most likely which type of listening?
a. empathic
b. content
c. appreciative
d. critical
“i don’t fully understand your point.”
Which of the following is an example of a “descriptive” style supportive listener response?
a. “Let’s get back to my idea.”
b. “How can your plan work?”
c. “I don’t fully understand your point.”
d. “You seem really excited about your research.”
cultural norms
Esther’s public speaking class has agreed that all cell phones will be put away during speeches. However, Esther sees a classmate using her phone during a speech one day, which frustrates her. Esther’s classmate is going against the ___________________ of their class.
a. culture
b. cultural norms
c. cultural diversity
d. ethnocentrism
true
Ethnocentrism occurs when individuals think their view of the world is better than anyone else’s.
a. True
b. False
information overload
Kwame has been researching his speech for a few hours now and he is starting to get confused. There is literally more information on his topic than he could ever read and he is unsure of how to interpret it in a meaningful way. Kwame is experiencing:
a. information overload.
b. internal noise.
c. data drag.
d. external noise.
pseudolistening
When you appear to be listening to the speaker but you’re actually doing something else, it is called:
a. ethnocentrism
b. pseudolistening
c. mindlessness
d. information overload
false
External noise includes thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations.
a. True
b. False
false
Internal noise includes conditions in your environment that interfere with your listening.
a. True
b. False
true
In addition to speakers experiencing anxiety in a speaking situation, listeners can also experience anxiety in a listening situation.
a. True
b. False
listen to every single word of a speech
Which of the following is NOT a way to become a more effective listener?
a. listen to every single word of a speech
b. use all your senses when listening
c. take effective notes during the speech
d. ask good questions after a speech
false
“Have you ever been skiing?” is an open-ended question.
a. True
b. False
understanding
Which component of listening involves comprehending what you have heard?
a. understanding
b. interpreting
c. remembering
d. evaluating
evaluating
“Critically examining a message” is which component of listening?
a. understanding
b. interpreting
c. remembering
d. evaluating
interpreting
“Assigning meaning to the sounds you’ve received based on your own experiences and knowledge” is which component of listening?
a. understanding
b. interpreting
c. remembering
d. evaluating
remembering
When you think about and recall information from a speech you are engaging in which component of listening?
a. understanding
b. interpreting
c. remembering
d. evaluating
take effective notes
Sound consultant Julian Treasure argues that people are losing their listening. All of the following are exercises that Treasure suggests will help our listening EXCEPT:
a. silence
b. receiving; appreciating; summarizing; asking
c. savoring
d. take effective notes
persuade
. Hye-Seung is giving a speech on turtles, specifically on the need to protect the turtle population in the Pacific Ocean due to rising ocean temperatures. The general purpose of her speech is likely:
a. inform
b. entertain
c. persuade
d. commemorate
brainstorming
Omar has found that one of the best ways to come up with speech topics is to write down in his journal all the topics that occur to him while he’s watching TV at night. He then later evaluates the list based on his actual interest in researching the topics. This activity of Omar’s could be best described as
a. criticizing
b. phrasing
c. brainstorming
d. collaborating
true
You can include humor in an informative speech, but the ultimate goal is to inform, not to entertain.
a. True
b. False
specific purpose
Once you’ve determined your general purpose, you’ll need to determine what you expect to achieve with your speech, which is also known as your
a. special purpose
b. specific purpose
c. practical purpose
d. plain purpose
record the best ideas and discard the rest
Identify which one of the following is NOT a suggestion for brainstorming provided by your text:
a. think not only in terms of ideas or words, but think in terms of images
b. record the best ideas and discard the rest
c. generate as many ideas as possible
d. be as creative and imaginative as possible
when brainstorming takes place over several sessions
Research shows that brainstorming works best:
a. when brainstorming takes place in teams of three or four.
b. when you have exhausted other forms of topic generation.
c. when brainstorming takes place over several sessions.
d. when you are in a crunch for team and near a deadline.
thesis
Capturing the essence or central idea of the speech is the job of the:
a. visual aid.
b. thesis.
c. general purpose.
d. preview statement.
working outline
This kind of outline is used to assist in initial topic development and will help you guide research.
a. complete sentence outline
b. working outline
c. presentation outline
d. developing outline
informative
Holly is running an employee training seminar for her company. Which type of speaking is she likely to be engaging in most?
a. informative
b. entertaining
c. persuasive
d. commemorating
presentation outline
This kind of outline is revised as you practice your speech and is often transferred to note cards.
a. complete sentence outline
b. presentation outline
c. working outline
d. developing outline
be careful that the main heading and the subheadings have a logical relationship
When the text says that you’re striving for internal consistency in your outline that means:
a. be careful that you don’t contradict yourself in the speech.
b. be careful that you don’t appear wishy-washy about your topic.
c. be careful that your delivery is not inconsistent with the content of the speech.
d. be careful that the main heading and the subheadings have a logical relationship.
false
While you should certainly consider your audience in choosing a topic, your own interests are less important in this step.
a. True
b. False
true
You should focus on one general purpose for your speech.
a. True
b. False
a thesis statement should be as detailed as possible
. A thesis statement has many jobs. All of these are jobs of the thesis statement EXCEPT:
a. A thesis statement should be as detailed as possible.
b. A thesis statement should be a single, declarative statement.
c. A thesis statement should summarize the main points of a speech.
d. A thesis statement shouldn’t be wordy.
as you start developing the topic
When does the thesis statement usually emerge?
a. during brainstorming
b. at the same time that you identify the specific purpose
c. right after you identify the general purpose
d. as you start developing the topic.
specific purpose
Which part of the speech is best exemplified by the following: “In this speech I want to convince my audience that genetically modified foods are not safe.”
a. specific purpose
b. thesis
c. general purpose
d. preview statement
general purpose
Which part of the speech is best exemplified by the following: In this speech I want to entertain my audience?
a. specific purpose
b. thesis
c. general purpose
d. preview statement
thesis
Which part of the speech is best exemplified by the following: “Providing our community with more affordable childcare positions us to have a healthier economy and healthier families.”
a. specific purpose
b. thesis
c. general purpose
d. preview statement
set aside a specific time to generate ideas
One of the techniques for brainstorming is to:
a. set aside a specific time to generate ideas.
b. ask yourself very broad questions during the brainstorming.
c. evaluate the topics as you generate them.
d. record only the topics that you are certain you will use.
necessary technology
The text suggests evaluating topic ideas based on all of the following EXCEPT:
a. your own interests
b. setting and occasion
c. time limit
d. necessary technology
extemporaneous
Joseph has thoroughly prepared for his speech. He feels knowledgeable about his topic, and he has practiced delivering it to the point that he can employ a natural, conversational style while utilizing minimal notes. Joseph’s delivery style would be best described as:
a. memorized
b. manuscript
c. impromptu
d. extemporaneous
impromptu
Alexis is attending a meeting of her local astronomy club when another member asks Alexis if she would stand and give a brief speech to the group about dark matter. Alexis’ delivery in this situation would best be described as:
a. memorized
b. manuscript
c. impromptu
d. extemporaneous
true
You engage in impromptu speaking every day.
a. True
b. False
true
Reading from a manuscript reduces your ability to make eye contact and adapt to audience feedback.
a. True
b. False
true
For most public speaking situations you encounter, the extemporaneous method is the best choice.
a. True
b. False
manuscript
Gary has been asked to give the eulogy at his grandfather’s funeral. He has written out his speech word for word and is familiar enough with it that he can still make eye contact with his audience while reading it. Gary’s delivery would best be described as:
a. memorized
b. manuscript
c. impromptu
d. extemporaneous
true
Memorized speeches often seem artificial and lack spontaneity.
a. True
b. False
memorized
Marlowe has been asked to read one of her poems at her graduation ceremony. Although the poem is long, she does not need to have a copy of it with her to recite it at graduation. Marlowe’s delivery would best be described as:
a. memorized.
b. manuscript.
c. impromptu.
d. extemporaneous.
true
“Um” is a vocalized pause.
a. True
b. False
false
Pitch is the same as volume.
a. True
b. False
false
A speaking outline is just as detailed as a complete-sentence outline.
a. True
b. False
true
You communicate much of how you feel through your face.
a. True
b. False
monotone
Blanca often gets bored in her chemistry class because the professor never varies his pitch when speaking. Which word would best describe the professor’s speaking style?
a. charismatic
b. monotone
c. articulate
d. dialectal
fluency
Ben has stuttered since he was a child. While he feels supported by his public speaking classmates, he recognizes that his stutter sometimes creates problems in their ability to understand his speeches due to his struggle with _________________________.
a. pitch
b. volume
c. fluency
d. dialect
dialect
Although Arkady has been speaking fluent English for many years now, he still has a thick Russian accent. Because of this, he is always careful to articulate well when giving speeches in English to bridge the gap between his audience and his ________________.
a. pitch
b. volume
c. fluency
d. dialect
true
The only time you should have both hands on your note cards is when you move from one card to the next.
a. True
b. False
false
The speech you practice and the speech you give must be exactly the same.
a. True
b. False
pointing out when someone isn’t paying attention
All of the following are ways the text suggests that you can involve the audience EXCEPT:
a. referring to what others have said in their speeches
b. pointing out when someone isn’t paying attention
c. calling on specific audience members
d. asking for volunteers
repeat the question so that the audience can hear it
Effectively handling the question-and-answer session after a speech means that you should:
a. repeat the question so that the audience can hear it.
b. answer the question as briefly as you can.
c. interrupt an audience member who asks a lengthy question.
d. make up an answer if you aren’t sure how to respond to a question.
american audiences may see a speaker as acting nervous, whereas Asian audiences might view the same behavior as modesty
Which of the following is true about culture and speech delivery?
a. Audiences should adapt themselves to the cultural delivery style of the speaker rather than expect the speaker to adapt to them.
b. Effective speech delivery styles are universal across cultural background.
c. People in East Asian countries like to draw attention to themselves with showy delivery styles.
d. American audiences may see a speaker as acting nervous, whereas Asian audiences might view the same behavior as modesty.
event
Melani is excited about her informative speech, it will be about the festival her hometown has every fall. Her topic would best be described as which type of informative speech?
a. process
b. idea/concept
c. event
d. object
object
Harry builds birdhouses as a hobby and for his informative speech he is planning to talk about the most recent one he built. He’ll bring the birdhouse as a visual aid and show his audience every part of it. Harry’s topic would best be described as which type of informative speech?
a. process
b. idea/concept
c. event
d. object
false
When you gatewatch, you monitor the topics on which your classmates have chosen to speak.
a. True
b. False
true
Clarity isn’t always the same for speakers and audience.
a. True
b. False
idea/concept
Elle has been a feminist since she was a little girl and she is excited to share feminism and what it stands for with her audience in her informative speech. Elle’s speech would best be described as which type of informative speech?
a. process
b. idea/concept
c. event
d. object
process
Nina builds canoes as a hobby and has decided to show her audience how one builds a canoe, from start to finish, as her informative speech. Nina’s speech would best be described as which type of informative speech?
a. process
b. idea/concept
c. event
d. object
false
The categories for informative speeches are mutually exclusive.
a. True
b. False
true
When giving an idea/concept informative speech, the speaker usually explains the origin of the concept.
a. True
b. False
true
Almost any informative speech can be arranged topically.
true or false
narrative
Rhema has decided to tell her audience about the history of protests in the United States for her informative speech. To do so, she has chosen key stories from various protests for each main point. Which speech structure is Rhema using?
a. narrative
b. topical
c. spatial
d. chronological
false
Audiences don’t like controversial topics.
a. True
b. False
chronological
Dwayne is giving a speech on Ronald Reagan and intends to follow Reagan’s life story from childhood until his death to structure his speech. Which speech structure is Dwayne using?
a. narrative
b. topical
c. spatial
d. chronological
spatial
Jerome visited the Holocaust museum for his speech and wants to organize his main points around the way the museum was set up, taking the audience from the entry all the way through to the last room of the museum. Which speech structure is Jerome using?
a. narrative
b. topical
c. spatial
d. chronological
topical
Oleg wants his audience gain a better understanding of the World Bank. So in his speech he has devotes a main point to each of the key issues with which the bank deals. Which speech structure is Oleg using?
a. narrative
b. topical
c. spatial
d. chronological
keep your speech persuasive
Which of the following is NOT one of the guidelines for effective informative speeches?
a. Connect your topic to your audience
b. Keep your speech persuasive
c. Use presentation media to inform
d. Inform to educate
to help my audience understand
The specific purpose for an informative speech should begin with a phrase such as:
a. to convince my audience about.
b. to get my audience to see the humorous side.
c. to help my audience believe.
d. to help my audience understand.
tell a true story related to the topic
To create a sense of personal connection to a speech, a speaker might:
a. present technical graphs and charts
b. reveal highly personal information
c. tell a true story related to the topic
d. present elaborate statistics
you are knowledgeable and enthusiastic about the topic without advocating for a particular belief or behavior
You can give an informative speech about a controversial subject as long as:
a. Your position is one that everyone in the class agrees with.
b. You are knowledgeable and enthusiastic about the topic without advocating for a particular belief or behavior.
c. Your position is the correct one, and you are just educating people on it.
d. You personally don’t really believe what you are saying.
give the audience a reason to listen to the speech
Which of the following is NOT a method to help your audience connect with your speech and topic?
a. demonstrate your credibility on the subject
b. give the audience a reason to listen to the speech
c. use vivid language
d. show how the topic relates to their lives
what do I want my audience to learn?
You should ask yourself which one of the following questions as you are building your specific purpose statement for an informative speech?
a. What will surprise or interest my audience?
b. What do I want my audience to learn?
c. What does my audience need to know?
d. Where is the audience from?
Chronological
Dwayne is giving a speech on Ronald Reagan and intends to follow his life story from childhood until his death to structure his speech. Which speech structure is Dwayne using?
a. narrative
b. cause and effect
c. spatial
d. chronological
Spatial
Jerome visited the Holocaust museum for his speech and wants to organize his main points around the way that the museum was set up—from the entry all the way through to the last room of the museum. Which speech structure is Jerome using?
a. narrative
b. cause and effect
c. spatial
d. chronological
Narrative
Abdullah wants to give a speech praising his grandmother, who was an important force in his life. He decides that the best way to structure his speech is to focus it around the stories of him and his grandmother, which illustrate what a great lady she was. Abdullah is using which speech structure?
a. narrative
b. cause and effect
c. spatial
d. chronological
Cause and effect
To make his point, Scott wants to demonstrate that pop culture representations from history are responsible for the problem he is addressing in his speech. Therefore, he will first talk about the pop culture representations and then address how they brought on his problem. Scott is using which speech structure?
a. narrative
b. cause and effect
c. spatial
d. chronological
Signpost
Graham knows he needs to keep his audience on track so that they can be good listeners. Therefore, as he moves into his second main point he says, “let’s move on to my second point—the importance of low cost healthy food options.” Graham has offered his audience a
a. signifier.
b. signified.
c. symbol.
d. signpost.
Transitions play an important role in creating coherence
Which of the following statements is true about transitions?
a. Transitions should be lengthy and detailed to be effective.
b. Transitions are different from signposts.
c. Transitions play an important role in creating coherence.
d. No transitions are needed when moving into the conclusion.
For the working outline, you’ll have less depth on each topic than for the complete – sentence outline
Which of the following statements is true about a working outline as compared to a complete-sentence outline?
a. For the working outline, there should always be at least two sub points for each main point.
b. For the working outline, you’ll have less depth on each topic than for the complete-sentence outline.
c. For the working outline, the main points should have balanced structure.
d. For the working outline, each main point or sub point should express only one idea.
Visualization
. Brad is using Monroe’s Motivated Sequence to organize his speech. He has just asked his audience to imagine a world in which his solution is implemented, and the problem he is addressing has been solved. Which step does Brad’s statement best represent?
a. visualization
b. action
c. need
d. attention
attention
Sarah knows her audience may not consider her problem serious enough so she decides to start with a very shocking example of the problem in society. Sarah is addressing which step in Monroe’s Motivated Sequence?
a. visualization
b. action
c. need
d. attention
Need
Kennedy has just convinced her audience that there is a significant lack of solutions for the problem she is addressing in her speech. She sets up her audience to want a solution from her. Which step of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence has Kennedy just completed?
a. visualization
b. action
c. need
d. attention
Action
Nels wants his audience to do something about the problem he has addressed, so he ends his speech with several things they can do to start solving this problem. Nels is addressing which part of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence?
a. visualization
b. action
c. need
d. attention
Transition statements
The working outline includes all of the following EXCEPT:
a. specific purpose
b. transition statements
c. general purpose
d. your thesis
The main points need to be listed in alphabetical order
When developing your main points for the working outline, be sure to do all of the following EXCEPT:
a. The main points need to be balanced in importance.
b. The main points need to be listed in alphabetical order.
c. The main points need to have relevance.
d. The main points need to have clarity.
False
Patterns of organization are structures for ordering the main points of your speech that help audience members understand the relationships among your listeners.
a. True
b. False
The body and the transitions first, the introduction second, and the conclusion last.
When you develop a speech, you typically develop the speech in the following order:
a. The transitions first, the body second, the transitions third, and the conclusion last.
b. The body and the transitions first, the introduction second, and the conclusion last.
c. The introduction and conclusion first, the body and the transition second last.
d. The introduction first, the body and transitions second and the conclusion last.
Creating coherence and connection between ideas.
Transitions play an important role in:
a. increasing your speech believability
b. helping you to fill your speech time.
c. keeping your speech topic interesting.
d. creating coherence and connection between ideas.
true
Transitions to the conclusion requires little more than a few words or a phrase.
a. True
b. False
reorganize information to improve from the complete sentence outline.
The Speaking Outline allows you to do all of the following EXCEPT:
a. reorganize information to improve from the complete-sentence outline.
b. refer easily to the information that you have researched.
c. condense the complete-sentence outline into key words and phrases.
d. present the information in an effective, organized way.
true
Speaking outlines are usually quite short, but they come from the much larger complete-sentence outline and can be created only after you’ve fully researched and developed your speech.
a. True
b. False
include and label the introduction, conclusion, body and transitions
Complete-sentence outlines need to:
a. have an equal number of main points to sub points for each main point.
b. include visual aids.
c. include and label the introduction, conclusion, body and transitions.
d. use a different system of symbols and indentation for each main point.
Secondary
Alice has found a great book review to use for her speech. While the book being reviewed is a little too complicated for her purposes, the review condenses the material and makes it more understandable. Which type of source would this book review be?
a. redundant
b. secondary
c. primary
d. tertiary
Primary
Hermine is writing a speech on dreams. She is excited to have found out that one of the top psychologists working on dreams has released a new book of her findings on the topic, just in time to be a source for Hermine’s speech. This book would be which type of source?
a. redundant
b. secondary
c. primary
d. tertiary
True
The first step in a research plan is to determine how much you already know about your topic.
a. True
b. False
Dogpile
Which of the following search engines is an example of a metasearch engine?
a. Yahoo!
b. Google
c. Dogpile
d. DuckDuckGo
the starting point
Metasearch engines should be used at which stage of the research process?
a. metasearch engines should never be used
b. the midway point
c. the starting point
d. the end to fill in the gaps
European and us scholarly books and journals
Google scholar is a specialized search engine that provides which of the following?
a. searches academic e-books, documents, spreadsheets, digital slides, PDFs, and text documents
b. resources from universities, government, and established noncommercial providers
c. European and U.S. scholarly books and journals
d. customized browsing and searching for all U.S. government websites
call number
Glen heard about a book that might be useful for his speech. When he looks it up on his university’s system, he finds that he must locate it using the series of numbers on its spine, or its:
a. search number
b. web number
c. call number
d. literary number
books are most useful for historical information or topics that are not time sensitive.
Which of the following is a true statement about researching with books?
a. To find a book online, you must know the exact title or a search engine won’t find it.
b. Books are the only resource that requires you to go physically into into library.
c. Books are the best way to get access to the most current information on something.
d. Books are most useful for historical information or topics that are not time sensitive.
government publication
Samir’s topic for his speech is a hot issue in the Senate right now. Testimony has been given by senators that mirrors exactly what Samir wants to talk about in his speech. Therefore, Samir would be smart to utilize which resource?
a. nonprint resources
b. government publications
c. web directories
d. reference works
newspapers
Which of these resources usually have the most current information about your topic?
a. periodicals
b. government publications
c. books
d. newspapers
ask a friend to help with the research
Which of the following is NOT a search strategy mentioned by your text?
a. Ask a friend to help with the research
b. Consider copyright information when selecting sources
c. Use different keywords and find variations
d. Consider advanced search tools to search by type of media and date
their availability, expertise, and willingness
When interviewing, you should select an interviewee based on:
a. their expertise, dynamism, and efficiency.
b. their interpersonal skills, knowledge, and proximity.
c. their availability, expertise, and willingness.
d. their listening skills, availability, and willingness.
only record the interview if you have the interviewee’s permission
Which of the following strategies will help ensure a more productive interview?
a. stick to your interview guide script no matter what
b. only record the interview if you have the interviewee’s permission
c. begin with specific questions, then move onto more general questions
d. leave immediately after you complete your questions so as to not waste the interviewees tim
can be used in any part of the speech
. Information from an interview (or any source):
a. doesn’t need to be cited in the speech.
b. can be used in any part of the speech
c. should be limited to the body of the speech, so as not to crowd out the introduction and conclusion.
d. should only be used in the introduction or conclusion
relevance, purpose, and validity
The three primary evaluation criteria to apply to information for your speech are:
a. relevance, purpose, and validity
b. relevance, potential, and appropriateness
c. readability, purpose, and value
d. suitability, authenticity, and content
relevance
When you examine the source to determine how closely it matches the topic, this is:
a. suitability
b. purpose
c. relevance
d. appropriateness
validity
. Which of the following evaluation criteria judges the soundness of logic, and is made up of three components: currency, accuracy, and authority?
a. suitability
b. validity
c. value
d. appropriateness
was the author paid to do this research?
When evaluating sources, all of the following are critical questions suggested by the text EXCEPT:
a. Was the author paid to do this research?
b. What are the author’s underlying assumptions?
c. Who is the publisher?
d. How current is the information?
plagiarism
Sheila received an “F” on her first speech because she used a paragraph from an online essay she found when researching without citing it. Sheila has engaged in:
a. paraphrasing
b. boldface lying
c. copyright
d. plagiarism
if you provide a citation in the reference list, there is no reason to cite the source in the speech
Which of the following is NOT one of the tips on how to avoid unintentional plagiarism?
a. Make sure you have a consistent note taking system to identify quotes and their sources.
b. Provide an oral citation in your speech whether you paraphrase or provide a direct quote.
c. When taking notes, use a different font color, or a highlighter to mark quotations.
d. If you provide a citation in the reference list, there is no reason to cite the source in the speech.
supporting materials
Examples, testimony, facts, narratives, and statistics are all examples of
a. supporting materials.
b. thoughts.
c. credibility.
d. rhetoric.
pathos
Lola wants her audience to feel sympathy for the people affected by the issue she is addressing, so she has chosen a moving story to begin her speech. Which of the following is she using in doing this?
a. supporting materials
b. logos
c. mythos
d. pathos
examples
Of the different types of supporting materials, which type is good at making the topic concrete but is not necessarily generalizable or representative?
a. examples
b. facts
c. narratives
d. statistics
e. definitions
statistics
Of the different types of supporting materials, which one is good at making comparisons among groups but is often overwhelming and easy to manipulate?
a. examples
b. facts
c. narratives
d. statistics
e. definitions
lay testimony
For her speech on the negative effect of ultra-competitive parents on youth sports, Sasha interviewed her little brother about what it was like to play on a little league team with such aggressive parent spectators. This kind of testimony is known as:
a. insight testimony.
b. expert testimony.
c. celebrity testimony.
d. lay testimony.
inference
You notice your friend, Donna, scowling and being snippy toward your mutual friend Sam, so you ask her, “Why are you so upset at Sam?” This is an example of a(n):
a. pathos
b. inference
c. fact
d. ethos
narratives
Scottie’s topic is one that her audience is likely unfamiliar with, so to make sure she connects it to the audience, she shares a story. Scottie is using which kind of support?
a. examples
b. facts
c. narratives
d. statistics
e. definitions
they can be made about the past, present or future.
Which of the following statements is true of a statement of inference?
a. They are likely to lead to further agreement.
b. There are a limited possible number.
c. They can be made about the past, present or future.
d. They almost always have a high probability of being true.
general examples
Greer wants to use examples in her speech that are well known and therefore don’t require her to offer a lot of background. Greer is looking for what type of example?
a. functional examples
b. general examples
c. specific examples
d. hypothetical examples
true
Connotative meanings come from personal associations.
a. True
b. False
testimony
When people rely on individual or group opinion related to a particular topic, they are using:
a. narratives
b. definition
c. examples
d. testimony
definition by function
When people define something by describing what it does or how it works, they are using:
a. definition by invention
b. definition by function
c. definition by analogy
statistics
Numerical data is often presented in a speech as this kind of support:
a. testimony
b. facts
c. examples
d. statistics
true
You might have an opinion based on facts, but facts aren’t necessary to form an opinion.
a. True
b. False
false
Source credibility is less important when presenting facts than other kinds of support because the facts can speak for themselves.
a. True
b. False
specific examples
Hadassah wants her audience to understand how tax increases effect average people. So she has placed real stories of people affected by this issue throughout her speech. Hadassah is using:
a. functional examples.
b. general examples.
c. specific examples.
d. hypothetical examples
hypothetical examples
Gloria is speaking about a potential problem her community faces. Because the worst-case scenario has not yet happened, she seeks to make her audience understand the serious nature of this problem by creating scenarios that could happen in the future if this problem is left unchecked. Gloria is using:
a. functional examples.
b. general examples.
c. specific examples.
d. hypothetical examples.
expert testimony
Ewan wants his audience to agree with his position, so he interviews a professor on campus who has done research on his topic. Ewan uses quotations from his interview during his speech to support his point. Ewan is using:
a. lay testimony.
b. insight testimony.
c. expert testimony.
d. celebrity testimony.
celebrity testimony
Margot knows her position on her topic is unpopular, so she is pleased when she discovers that actor George Clooney shares the same opinion on the issue. She knows Clooney is a well-liked figure, and he is known for being well-informed on current events. So Margot looks forward to using his ideas to support her position. Margot is using:
a. lay testimony.
b. insight testimony.
c. expert testimony.
d. celebrity testimony.
how many total people responded to your survey?
In her speech, Loraine said that 50% of the people who responded to her survey felt that the dining services at her college should provide organic food options. Which of these is the most important follow-up question to ask Loraine about her survey?
a. How would this affect the dining hall contract?
b. What do you mean by organic?
c. How much would that cost the dining service to implement?
d. How many total people responded to your survey?
audience analysis
Getting to know the people you’ll be addressing—their background, interests, views, and familiarity with your topic—best describes which aspect of speaking:
a. research
b. target audience
c. observation
d. audience analysis
demographics
In preparing for his speech, Pascal has learned that he has a 65% female audience ranging in age from 18-22. Additionally he has determined that a majority of his classmates come from rural backgrounds and middle class families. What kind of information is Pascal gathering?
a. Psychographics
b. Demographics
c. Profile
d. Info-graphics
closed
“Do you have any pets?” is which type of question?
a. open
b. leading
c. neutral
d. closed
psychographics
Helene is preparing a speech on a controversial topic and so she has decided to dig a bit deeper in learning about her audience. She gives out a questionnaire that gathers information such as her audience’s values, beliefs, and attitudes. What kind of information is Helene gathering?
a. psychographics
b. demographics
c. profile
all of these are methods that can be used to collect demographic data.
Which of the following methods can be used to collect demographic data?
a. personal observation
b. consulting people familiar with the audience
c. public resources
d. questionnaire
e. all of these are methods that can be used to collect demographic data
all of the answer choices are examples of adapting to the setting.
Which of the following is an example of adapting to the setting?
a. The speaker increases volume with a sound system to adapt to an outdoor location.
b. All of the answer choices are examples of adapting to the setting.
c. The speaker adjusts the core content to fit time constraints.
d. The speaker darkens the room so that demonstration media can be more easily seen.
captive
Rhonda is giving a presentation on business ethics on a local college campus. Her audience is mostly made up of students who are required to attend for their classes. This audience would be best described as what kind of audience?
a. captive
b. practical
c. target
d. voluntary
open
Marco wants to better understand his audience’s feelings on his topic, so he shows them a shocking image to start and asks them to talk about how it makes them feel. This type of question would be best classified as which of the following?
a. open
b. leading
c. neutral
d. closed
voluntary
Pedro has developed an app for photography that has become very popular. Tonight he will be giving a free talk at the local community center on how he came up with his idea. He has just found out that the organizers expect it to be very well attended because people are so excited to hear Pedro’s thoughts. This audience would be best described as what type of audience?
a. captive
b. practical
c. target
d. voluntary
true
When you are part of a panel of presentations, it is a good idea to try to incorporate what the other speakers on the panel have said into your presentation.
a. True
b. False
the psychological location from which an individual views, interprets, and evaluates the world
. Someone’s personal standpoint refers to:
a. the individual’s objective position in society based on demographic categories
b. the demographic groups to which an individual belongs
c. the psychological location from which an individual views, interprets, and evaluates the world
d. none of these
false
Audience -centered speaking doesn’t apply to professional speaking environments.
a. True
b. False
true
A college speech class differs from most public speaking situations.
a. True
b. False
closed
Jin knows his audience has strong opinions on his speech topic, so he needs a way to gather quick information without it becoming a heated debate. He decides to use questions that direct his audience to quick, once word answers, such as, “have you ever known anyone with a genetic disease?” These types of questions are best described as which of the following?
a. open
b. leading
c. neutral
d. closed
ethos
Which of these is another word for credibility?
a. ethos
b. mythos
c. logos
d. pathos
competence
Elena is giving a speech on how fish are processed at an Alaskan fishery. She knows this is a topic her audience may not expect her to know a lot about, so she has decided to begin by sharing her experiences working in an Alaskan fishery for the last three summers. In doing so, she is engaging in which dimension of credibility?
a. competence
b. sociability
c. dynamism
d. trustworthiness
values
When speakers learn what audience members feel is good, right, worthy, or important, they are learning which of the following about their audience?
a. values
b. thoughts
c. beliefs
d. attitudes
beliefs
When speakers learn what their audience members accept as true or existing, they are learning which of the following about their audience?
a. values
b. thoughts
c. beliefs
d. attitudes
attitudes
When a speaker learns whether their audience members approve or disapprove of an idea, they are learning which of the following about their audience?
a. values
b. thoughts
c. beliefs
d. attitudes
use supporting materials that connect with specific segments of your audience
Which of the following is a technique you should use to adapt your speech to a diverse audience?
a. Use supporting materials that connect with specific segments of your audience.
b. Address audience subgroups in separate sections of your speech
c. Use jargon and acronyms to demonstrate your personal credibility
the primacy effect
Gio heard a great speech today and he wanted to talk to his friends about the information it offered but he now can only remember the story with which the speaker began the speech. Gio is suffering from:
a. the chronological effect.
b. the recency effect.
c. the commencement effect.
d. the primacy effect.
the recency effect.
Ali is trying to recall information from a speech she heard for a paper she is writing. However, she can only remember the example the speaker used to close the speech. Ali is suffering from:
a. the chronological effect.
b. the recency effect.
c. the commencement effect.
d. the primacy effect.
false
The attention getter can happen anywhere in the introduction.
a. True
b. False
purpose
“A stronger volunteer core in every community is the best way to establish a more productive and friendly community.” This is an example of which part of an introduction?
a. preview main points
b. establishing credibility
c. attention getter
d. purpose
preview
“So, today I will first address how the stock market became a part of our society; second, how it has been diverted from its original purpose through greed and a lack of oversight; and, finally, offer my solutions for how to fix the financial mess we currently face.” This is an example of which part of an introduction?
a. preview
b. establishing credibility
c. attention getter
d. thesis
make the audience feel more positive about you
Humor can be effective way to get attention. Another benefit of effective humor is that it might:
a. offend others in a funny way.
b. fill time and distract from the weaknesses in your research.
c. make the audience feel more positive about you.
d. poke fun of uptight people who take the topic too seriously.
false
Audiences connect best to an informal close such as, “well, I guess I’m done,” because it humanizes the speaker.
a. True
b. False
establishing credibility
I feel very prepared to give this speech on the Oscars today because I served as an intern for the ceremony two years ago.” This is an example of which part of an introduction?
a. preview
b. establishing credibility
c. attention getter
d. thesis
review main points
“Today I addressed the three basic types of discrimination faced by international students at our universities.” This is an example of which part of a conclusion?
a. move the audience
b. provide closure
c. review main points
d. reinforce purpose
reinforce purpose
“After hearing my speech today, I hope all of you now know how important it is that you know and advocate for your rights if you are stopped by a police officer.”This is an example of which part of a conclusion?
a. move the audience
b. provide closure
c. review main points
d. reinforce purpose
provide closure
“I’d like to leave you today with the wise words of my roommate, Eddie, ‘a smoking section in a restaurant is like a peeing section in a pool. And nobody wants to swim in that pool.’ Thank you.” This is an example of which part of a conclusion?
a. move the audience
b. provide closure
c. review main points
d. reinforce purpose
doesn’t have an exact length
An effective attention getter:
a. doesn’t have an exact length requirement.
b. should be no more than 15 seconds.
c. should last approximately one minute.
d. could go on for several minutes.
asking a question that you want the audience to answer or consider
One of the several proven strategies for gaining your audiences’ attention in the speech introduction is:
a. making comments about an individual in the audience.
b. asking a question that you want the audience to answer or consider.
c. speaking very loudly to startle the audience.
d. make a joke about the room.
false
. It is not necessary to preview your main points unless your general purpose is to persuade.
a. True
b. False
listing your references to establish credibility
The text suggests that to get your audience’s attention, you should consider all of the following EXCEPT:
a. presentation media.
b. your speech purpose.
c. listing your references to establish credibility.
d. the amount of time you have to present.
make up a story about an experience
Which of the following is NOT an effective way to establish your credibility as a speaker?
a. refer to information you’ve gathered about the topic
b. refer to research you’ve done on a topic
c. briefly mention your experience with the topic
d. make up a story about an experience
false
An effective attention getter can increase a speaker’s nervousness.
a. True
b. False
false
An effective speech should include the purpose statement word for word as it appears on your outline.
a. True
b. False
a transition word or phrase that indicates you are moving to the conclusion
The review of the main points of a speech normally follows:
a. the purpose statement.
b. a transition word or phrase that indicates you are moving to the conclusion.
c. the attention getter.
d. the preview.
reinforce purpose
Which of the following is one of the three tasks to be accomplished during the conclusion of a speech?
a. fain the audience attention
b. establish credibility
c. introduce a new idea
d. reinforce purpose
webidence
Pam is showing her audience, live on the internet, an article that was posted to a reputable website just hours before her speech that supports her position. Pam is using:
a. digital literacy
b. webidence
c. digital divide
d. websourcing
false
When presenting at a public speaking event, flip charts are a better choice than presentation software programs, like PowerPoint, because it is more interactive.
a. True
b. False
presentation software for the computer
Despite the fact that it is sometimes overused, the most versatile and dynamic multimedia tool for public speaking is:
a. presentation software for the computer.
b. video clips.
c. white boards.
d. handouts.
reveal material you can’t easily describe with words alone.
The best use of presentation media is to
a. distract the audience from noticing how nervous you feel.
b. entertain the audience.
c. All of these are equally good reasons to use presentational media.
d. reveal material you can’t easily describe with words alone.
true
Often the best use of photographs is to display close-up images.
a. True
b. False
true
. You’ll want to limit the number of visuals you use.
a. True
b. False
document camera
Gwen has a photo she’d like to display in her speech, but she forgot to digitize it. She only has a hard copy, and she doesn’t have time to scan it before her speech. Which type of visual media in the classroom would be helpful to Gwen in this situation?
a. overhead projector
b. traditional whiteboard
c. flip charts
d. document camera
don’t ever use animation effects to keep audience interest
All of the following are guidelines for presentational media you should follow EXCEPT:
a. choose transitions that fit the tone and topic
b. don’t copy webpages onto slides
c. limit the number of bullet points per slide
d. don’t ever use animation effects to keep audience interest
flip charts
During his speech, Ivan plans to work through some brainstorming exercises with his audience to encourage interaction. He plans to write down their ideas as they come up. Additionally, he’d like a way to separate each brainstorming session’s comments into three distinct visuals he can reference separately later in the speech. Which type of visual media in the classroom would be most effective in this situation?
a. overhead projector
b. traditional whiteboard
c. flip charts
d. document camera
false
A video with powerful emotional impact can always help your speech.
a. True
b. False
false
It’s always a good idea to pass around any handouts during the speech, not before or after.
a. True
b. False
false
. You can recruit a human assistant for visuals on the spot, from your audience.
a. True
b. False
true
Most short speeches are better without video.
a. True
b. Fals
you must make transparencies to use them, just like for overhead projectors.
All of the following are true for document cameras EXCEPT:
a. always remain facing the audience, not the documents.
b. set up ahead of time and put the visual materials in the order you’ll present them.
c. you must make transparencies to use them, just like for overhead projectors.
d. images should be projected at a height and distance that are easy to see.
false
Arriving early to set up visuals can suggest that you are nervous and ill-prepared to use your visuals.
a. True
b. False
real-time web access
Georgina plans to speak about whale migration and has just learned that the national aquarium offers live feeds of whale movements in the Pacific Ocean on their website. Georgina would best be served by which type of visual/audio media?
a. physical models
b. real-time web access
c. human assistants
d. sounds and music
human assistants
elsey wants to demonstrate during her speech how a yoga instructor can create mindfulness in her students through mirroring one another. Kelsey would best be served by which type of visual/audio media?
a. physical models
b. real-time web access
c. human assistants
d. sounds and music
physical models
Buster wants to demonstrate how a guitar works but his own guitar is in the shop for repairs. He feels that pictures will not work as well as a real guitar. Buster would be best served by which type of visual/audio media?
a. physical models
b. real-time web access
c. human assistants
d. sounds and music
include reminders on your notecards or presentation outline
Which of the following suggestions does the textbook provide to help a speaker remember to use presentation media during a speech?
a. Write reminders in big letters on your hand in blue ink.
b. Include reminders on your complete sentence outline.
c. Add reminders after you have finished the practice stages of your speech.
d. Include reminders on your notecards or presentation outline.
true
If you have technical problems during the speech as you are using presentational media, you should continue speaking without the technology you’d planned to use.
a. True
b. False
connotative meaning
Whenever Latonya hears the word “pillow” she laughs because of an old joke she and her best friend have. Latonya is using the ____________________ of the word “pillow.”
a. connotative meaning
b. denotative meaning
c. precise meaning
d. abstract meaning
denotative meaning
. Chaz is surprised to learn that “gay” originally meant “happy or festive,” when he is researching his speech on LGBT rights. Chaz has been surprised by the ___________________ of the word.
a. connotative meaning
b. denotative meaning
c. precise meaning
d. abstract meaning
false
Slang can help your credibility because that’s the kind of informal language that can help create connections with the audience and make you appear relatable.
a. True
b. False
jargon
. Technical terms and expressions associated with a specific profession or subject best describes which type of language?
a. idioms
b. jargon
c. slang
d. euphemisms
true
Communicators constantly alter the meanings of spoken language.
a. True
b. False
true
Words trigger the meanings and thoughts people have for words in their minds.
a. True
b. False
avoid offensive and aggressive language
“At the end of this speech, if you still don’t agree with me, I will have to question your intelligence.” This violates which of the following language guidelines?
a. choose meaningful words
b. use spoken language
c. balance clarity and ambiguity
d. avoid offensive and aggressive language
true
A speaker can build in redundancy to help overcome the dynamic nature of public speaking.
a. True
b. False
idioms
Expressions that have a practical meaning different from their literal meaning best describes which type of language?
a. idioms
b. jargon
c. slang
d. euphemisms
false
. Language mistakes can be reversed.
a. True
b. False
powerless language
Tag questions and hedges are usually associated with ____.
a. powerful language
b. powerless language
c. misunderstandings
d. self-confidence
true
. Audiences have a hard time following speakers who read their speeches word for word.
a. True
b. False
tag question
“That was the best speech we’ve heard so far this semester, don’t you think?” This is an example of a(n) ____.
a. metaphor
b. tag question
c. hedge
d. powerful language
hedge
“I saw maybe about six wild turkey cross the road, I think.” This is an example of a(n) ____.
a. tag question
b. hedge
c. cliché
d. idiom
ambiguous statement
“A lot of people felt that the presentation went on too long.” This is an example of a(n) ____.
a. derogatory statement
b. redundant statement
c. ambiguous statement
d. inclusive statement
alliteration
My grandmother filled a room with laughter, love, and latkes.” This is an example of which type of visual language?
a. metaphor
b. simile
c. alliteration
d. antithesis
simile
“Garbage flows into our dumps like a river into the sea, only a lot less pretty.” This is an example of which type of visual language?
a. metaphor
b. simile
c. alliteration
d. antithesis
metaphor
“My mom is a rock to cling to when the winds of life blow hard,” is an example of which type of visual language?
a. metaphor
b. simile
c. alliteration
d. antithesis
antithesis
“Philosophy will not give you the meaning of life but it will help you find ways to give your life meaning.” This is an example of which type of visual language?
a. metaphor
b. simile
c. alliteration
d. antithesis
language is existential
. Which quality of language was NOT discussed in your textbook?
a. Language is arbitrary.
b. Language is ambiguous.
c. Language is active.
d. Language is existential.
question of fact
Ned wants to demonstrate that global warming is indeed a real occurrence within our world. Ned’s speech will be addressing a:
a. question of policy
b. question of fact
c. question of theory
d. question of value
question of value
Gillian wants to argue that comedians are some of the most important speakers in our contemporary political sphere because when we laugh at ourselves we are more likely to be willing to change. Gillian’s speech will be addressing a:
a. question of policy
b. question of fact
c. question of theory
d. question of value
false
Questions of policy invite arguments of something being good or bad, right or wrong.
a. True
b. False
true
Questions of value focus more on principles than actual laws or rules.
a. True
b. False
question of policy
Gaten wants his audience to agree, by the end of his speech, that the only way to fix the housing crisis is to create a new tax bracket for lower class families striving to buy their first home. Gaten’s speech will be addressing a:
a. question of policy
b. question of fact
c. question of theory
d. question of value
true
If you simply want the audience’s agreement or support, you can drop the fifth element of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence.
a. True
b. False
divided audience
Connor’s classmates are a very opinionated bunch and he knows that there is a great deal of disagreement about his topic in the class. He realizes he will need to demonstrate respect for multiple sides of his issue as he is dealing with a/an:
a. uninformed audience
b. negative audience
c. apathetic audience
d. divided audience
true
Speeches on a question of policy differ from other types due to a call to action.
a. True
b. False
true
Chronological organization can be used for persuasive speeches.
a. True
b. False
true
Coercion differs from persuasion due to the use of force.
a. True
b. False
apathetic audience
While they seem knowledgeable about her topic, Cassie’s audience members have shown almost zero interest. She realizes that if she wants to keep her topic she will have to make it very interesting through language and structure. Cassie is dealing with a/an:
a. uninformed audience
b. negative audience
c. apathetic audience
d. divided audience
visualization
Brad is using Monroe’s Motivated Sequence to organize his speech and he has just asked his audience to imagine a world where his solution is implemented and the problem he is addressing has been solved. Which step does Brad’s statement represent?
a. visualization
b. attention
c. action
d. need
fact
To convince my audience that the JFK assassination was planned by the American Mob.” This is a specific purpose statement on a question of:
a. fact.
b. policy.
c. value.
d. attitude.
value
“To convince my audience that rap music is sexist” is a specific purpose statement on a question of:
a. fact.
b. policy.
c. value.
d. attitude.
how to avoid food that causes animal cruelty
Which of the following speech topics is an example of practical persuasion?
a. How to hold fair and partial elections.
b. How to check a patient for vital signs.
c. How to eliminate our dependence on foreign oil.
d. How to avoid food that causes animal cruelty.
topical
Which of the following organizational patterns does the text recommend for a practical persuasion speech?
a. problem-cause-solution
b. topical
c. Monroe’s motivated sequence
d. spatial
rally them to take action
When you have a negative audience you should do all of the following EXCEPT:
a. rally them to take action.
b. prepare for a negative reaction.
c. establish your credibility
d. keep your persuasive objectives within reason.
argue that parents should not vaccinate their children but fail to mention any potential drawbacks
. Which of the following actions violates an ethical standard?
a. Tell an audience that one of the benefits of drinking water is that they might lose weight.
b. Argue that parents should not vaccinate their children but fail to mention any potential drawbacks.
c. Advocate in favor of the legalization of casinos.
d. None of these speeches violate an ethical standard.
use presentation media
If you have an apathetic audience the text says that you should:
a. take a two-sided approach to the topic.
b. change your topic.
c. use presentation media.
d. keep your persuasion subtle.
persuasive speaking advocates a particular view on a topic, whereas informative speaking is more neutral.
The best way to explain the difference between persuasive and informative speaking is:
a. informative speaking requires more research because you must establish your expertise.
b. persuasive speaking is more opinion-based and Informative speaking is more fact-based.
c. persuasive speaking advocates a particular view on a topic, whereas informative speaking is more neutral.
d. all of these statements are true about informative and persuasive speaking.
claim
. In a speech on genetically modified foods (GMO) a speaker may state that they want the audience to understand that most GMO’s are perfectly safe. This would be best identified as which part of an argument?
a. transition
b. evidence
c. claim
d. reasoning
evidence
In a speech on tax cuts, after stating that government spending is at an all time high, a speaker may provide quotations from economic experts who agree with them on this point. This would be best identified as which part of an argument?
a. transition
b. evidence
c. claim
d. reasoning
false
The premise is the primary claim a speaker makes.
a. True
b. False
true
An enthymeme’s conclusion is implied.
a. True
b. False
enthymeme
Hannah provides her audience with the basic premises of her argument but lets them draw the conclusion on their own in order to make it a bit more powerful and personalized for them. Hannah is using which type of argument?
a. ethos
b. logos
c. qualifier
d. enthymeme
false
If you were to argue against new highway construction by pointing to evidence of rising pollution rates in towns with new highway construction projects, this would be an example of deductive reasoning.
a. True
b. False
fallacy in evidence
When a speaker presents support that has nothing to do with the claim they are falling prey to a:
a. fallacy in responding
b. fallacy in evidence
c. fallacy in claims
d. fallacy in reasoning
false
. In a syllogism, only one of the two premises need be true for the conclusion to be true.
a. True
b. False
false
An audience must be personally familiar with a myth for it to be persuasive.
a. True
b. False
false
Emotional appeals by themselves can usually persuade an audience.
a. True
b. False
fallacy in claims
Stating that one event will lead to another without showing a logical connection between the two represents a:
a. fallacy in responding
b. fallacy in evidence
c. fallacy in claims
d. fallacy in reasoning
true
An analogy compares two things.
a. True
b. False
false
Fallacies are helpful little tricks to make reasoning easier.
a. True
b. False
slippery slope
“If we give that homeless person a dollar, next thing you know we’ll be homeless ourselves.” This is which kind of fallacy?
a. ad Ignorantiam
b. appeal to tradition
c. slippery slope
d. ad populum
ad populum
“You should try it. Everyone else is doing it.” This is which kind of fallacy?
a. ad Ignorantiam
b. appeal to tradition
c. slippery slope
d. ad populum
appeal to tradition
“But we’ve always done it that way.” This is which kind of fallacy?
a. ad Ignorantiam
b. appeal to tradition
c. slippery slope
d. ad populum
inductive reasoning
When using this kind of reasoning, the speaker is supporting their claim with specific examples.
a. analogical reasoning
b. causal reasoning
c. deductive reasoning
d. inductive reasoning
analogical reasoning
When a speaker supports a claim by comparing it to something else they are using:
a. analogical reasoning
b. causal reasoning
c. deductive reasoning
d. inductive reasoning
the speaker provides multiple, diverse, and relevant examples
. Inductive reasoning works best when:
a. the speakers have a strong premise
b. the speaker provides multiple, similar examples
c. the speaker provides multiple, diverse, and relevant examples
d. the speaker uses comparisons to other situations
claim
“Sleep deprivation is a serious health concern among teenagers” is which element of an argument?
a. claim
b. qualifier
c. reasoning
d. evidence

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