Please enter something

Psychology Chapter 15: Psychotherapy

question

Research comparing the effectiveness of psychotherapists who received training in a number of different areas (psychology, psychiatry, counseling, social work) has demonstrated
answer

no reliable association exists concerning therapists’ professional training and effectiveness.
question

The side effect associated with taking traditional antipsychotic drugs that is characterized by chronic tremors and involuntary spastic movements is
answer

tardive dyskinesia.
question

“What has been learned can be unlearned” is a central assumption of
answer

behavior therapy
question

Electroconvulsive therapy and drug therapy for psychological disorders are two types of
answer

biomedical therapy
question

Which of the following is (are) a criticism(s) that has (have) been raised concerning the impact of managed care on mental health care?
answer

all of the below
question

Therapeutic drugs that reduce tension, apprehension, and nervousness are
answer

antianxiety drugs
question

The policy of transferring the treatment of mental illness from inpatient institutions to community-based facilities that emphasize outpatient care is called
answer

deinstitutionalization
question

The psychoanalytic therapist deals with transference by
answer

allowing the patient to work through the feelings associated with transference.
question

Which statement BEST reflects what most experts believe when asked whether a therapists’ theoretical approach is important?
answer

not as important as the personal skills of the therapist
question

Client-centered therapy emphasizes
answer

providing a supportive climate for clients
question

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (e.g., RET) primarily emphasizes
answer

recognizing and changing negative thought patterns
question

Psychoanalysis uses the techniques of _____ to uncover the unconscious conflicts causing an individual’s behavior.
answer

free association and dream analysis
question

A therapist cures a man of his sexual attraction to children by pairing pictures of children with painful electric shocks. The procedure being used here is
answer

aversion therapy
question

Alice has a dog phobia. She is being taught to completely relax and then mentally imagine a dog nearby. Alice is receiving
answer

systematic desensitization
question

A psychotherapist who participates in complex verbal interactions with clients in order to enhance clients’ understanding of themselves and their problems would be classified as
answer

an insight therapist
question

The theoretical difference between a clinical psychologist and a counseling psychologist is that
answer

the clinical psychologist specializes in the treatment of mental disorders; the counseling psychologist specializes in the treatment of everyday adjustment problems.
question

Kayla has a psychological disorder, and her doctor has prescribed an MAO inhibitor to reduce the severity of Kayla”s symptoms. In this case, Kayla”s therapist is MOST likely treating her for
answer

depression
question

What two disorders do people most commonly seek treatment for?
answer

anxiety and depression
question

Which of the following behavior therapy techniques would MOST likely be used to treat a fear of flying?
answer

systematic desensitization
question

Therapeutic drugs that gradually reduce symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, hyperactivity, and mental confusion are
answer

antipsychotic drugs
question

Bipolar disorder is frequently treated with
answer

lithium or valproate.
question

In client-centered therapy Carl Rogers believed that is critical for the therapist to provide
answer

a warm, supportive and accepting climate.
question

Freud considered _____ to be the most direct way to access the patient’s unconscious or the “royal road to the unconscious.”
answer

dreams
question

Compared to the 1950s, the average inpatient population in public mental hospitals today is
answer

vastly lower
question

In free association
answer

clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur.
question

An important goal of client-centered therapy is to
answer

help clients realize they don”t have to worry constantly about approval from others
question

Social skills training is a therapy designed to
answer

improve interpersonal skills
question

Many managed care systems hold down costs by erecting barriers to access. These barriers may include all of the following EXCEPT
answer

requiring service providers to be re-certified every six months.
question

The primary therapeutic drug treatment for schizophrenia involves
answer

antipsychotic drugs
question

Compared to psychologists, in their provision of therapy psychiatrists tend to
answer

emphasize biomedical treatments more.
question

According to the Surgeon General’s report, the biggest roadblock for psychotherapy is the
answer

stigma surrounding the receipt of mental health treatment
question

In systematic desensitization, a new _____ response is substituted for the old _____ response.
answer

relaxation; fear
question

George is a child molester. In therapy, George is shown pictures of children, and every time he begins to evidence physiological arousal, he is shocked. George is undergoing
answer

aversion therapy
question

Mary has a psychological disorder, and her doctor has prescribed a drug from the benzodiazepine family (e.g., valium) to reduce the severity of Mary”s symptoms. In this case, Mary”s therapist is MOST likely treating her for
answer

an anxiety disorder
question

A behavior therapist”s major concern in treating an abnormal behavior would be to discover
answer

how environmental factors are evoking the troublesome behavior
question

Clients receiving _____ are taught to detect and evaluate their negative self-defeating thoughts and statements.
answer

cognitive therapy
question

The trend toward deinstitutionalization mainly came about because large mental institutions
answer

were actually worsening the condition of many patients.
question

Largely unconscious defensive maneuvers by a client intended to hinder the progress of therapy BEST describes
answer

resistance
question

Doris thinks she is in love with her therapist and has begun to respond to him in that way. Doris is displaying feelings and behavior that psychoanalysts refer to as
answer

transference