Psychology Chapter 11 – Practice Questions

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Eustress; Arousal
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Studies show that _________ is the optimal amount of stress that people need to positively promote their health and sense of well-being, which coincides with ___________ theory.
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To estimate your risk of illness or having an accident in the near future
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What is a primary application of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) developed by Holmes and Rahe?
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The SRRS records specific positive and negative life events to determine an individual’s current level of stress
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What does the Social Readjustment Rating Scale use to determine its results?
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Senior Citizens
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Who, is anyone, would consider going shopping as a daily hassle and therefore stressful?
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Pressure
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Jorge has deadlines and expectations placed on him both at school and at work, making him feel like he always has to do more and to work harder and faster. Jorge is experiencing
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Uncontrollability and Frustration
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A retail store has announced to its employees that half of them will be laid off after a two week, random review of their personal records. No current performance appraisals or individual interviews are being held. Over the next two weeks, many of the employees are arguing, fighting, and doing a poor job of taking care of their customers. What aspects of stress most likely started these behaviors?
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Internal
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Lisa wants to be the lead singing part in the next school musical but by all the accounts, she is not musically gifted in any way and has a rather unpleasant singing voice. Lisa may eventually realize her lack of singing ability is an __________ frustration
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Try Again
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The first response people usually make when frustrated is to ______ ________
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Approach-Avoidance
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Marriage is sometime perceived as a unique stressor. On one hand, you have many good aspects such as finding that special someone, long term commitment, and sometimes even combined incomes. On the other hand, there is a perceived loss of independence, a sense of finality, and the fear of \”What if this isn’t the right one?\” Therefore, marriage may be seen as an example of a _________ conflict
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Alarm
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This stage of the general adaptation syndrome is accompanied by activation of the sympathetic nervous system
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The stressor is not continuous or chronic
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Typically, the immune system response to stress is effective as long as
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Secondary
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According to Richard Lazarus, she someone asks themselves \”How can I deal with this potentially harmful stressor?\” the individual is focused on a
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Type A; Type B
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Greg rushes to an appointment, arriving 20 minutes early, while Aaron arrives with only minutes to spare. Slightly annoyed when Greg points this out, Aaron replies very casually, \”Hey, I’m here.\” We might assume Greg has more of a ____________ personality while Aaron is more _________
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Hostility
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They key Type A personality component related to heart disease is
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Seeing an event as a challenge rather than a problem
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Olivia feels as if she is in control of her life and is committed to her goals. What final aspect of hardiness does she need to possess to be considered a hardy personality?
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Poverty and Job Stress
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What are considered the two most prominent social factors in creating stressful living conditions?
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Devon is suffering from burnout
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Devon is a full-time college student who has not taken a semester off in three years. He increasingly finds himself fatigued and stressed by the seemingly never-ending stream of papers, exams, and group projects. It has gotten to the point where he lacks the energy to work on his projects and put little effort into his studying, figuring \”What’s the point?\” What might Devon be experiencing?
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Assimilation
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Joaquin moved from Nicaragua to the United States. He learned to speak and write English, changed his last name so that it would sound more \”American,\” and no longer maintains any of his old culture’s styles of dress or customs. Joaquin has used which method of entering the majority culture?
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Marginalization
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What does the greatest acculturative stress typically come from?
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This method is fine when the stressor cannot be eliminated or worrying about the stressor causes problems
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Wanda explains that she ignores her problems when she feels she cannot control them or when she worries about them to the point of causing problems elsewhere in her life. What does the research say about using such an approach?
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Laughter has been shown to help the immune system
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What does the research tell us about the effects of laughter on alleviating stress?
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Meditation
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Simply put, what type of stress reduction is tai chi, the focusing of the mind on specific movements of the body?
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Very Effective
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Meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and guided visualization are __________ coping strategies for stress.
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Religion can help people effectively cope with stress in multiple ways
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What effect, if any, does religion have on one’s stress?
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Eustress
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Dean has a comprehensive final exam in three weeks that e is concerned about. His concerns prompt him to go ahead and start studying and in doing so, he feels less worried as the exam approaches. In this example, the exam, Dean’s concerns, and his behavior may be seen as an example of __________
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The Biological Theory
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Researchers today believe that eustress is based off of ___________ of motivation.
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Catastrophes
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Unpredictable, large-scale events that create a great deal of stress and feelings of threat are called
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Very High Risk
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A score above 300 on the SRRS would indicate a person has a ________ of becoming ill or having an accident.
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Involve the most hassles
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In addition to being emotionally intense, many items on both the SRRS and CUSS are stressful because they
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Headaches
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Research suggests the number and perceived severity of daily hassles are strong predictors of
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Elderly People
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Based on previous research, who is more likely to experience lack of money as the biggest daily life hassle?
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Creativity
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Time pressure is often found to have a negative impact on
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External; Personal
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Michael was cut from his high school basketball team. He told his friends that he was cut because the coach did not like him, but his close friends know Michael was cut because he hardly ever practiced. In this situation, Michael’s excuse is an example of a(n) ______________ frustration, while the fact he despises practicing is an example of a(n) ___________ frustration
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Displaced Agression
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Kina’s husband comes home form work angry because of an argument he had with his boss. Subsequently, Kina’s husband begins yelling at her for no apparent reason. Ultimately, Kina finds herself yelling at their youngest child for apparently no good reason other than being frustrated. Kina is displaying
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This approach is called escape or withdrawal
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Erica was very frustrated with her job and ultimately decided to quit. What d we call this method of handling frustration?
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Approach-Approach
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Keenan is trying to decide if he should go on spring break with his friends to Las Vegas or with his other friends to Miami beach, both of which he has enjoyed going to in the past. Keenan’s situation is an example of a(n) ________ conflict
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Exhaustion
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In which of Selye’s stages is death a possible outcome?
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Secondary
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According to Richard Lazarus, determining what can be done to deal with one’s stress is an example of a ____________ appraisal.
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She is Type B Personality
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Jolene rarely takes any work home, preferring to leave her work worries at the office. She is a bit of a carefree and not as ambitious as some of the there women in her office. Instead, Jolene likes to have a lot of leisure time whenever possible. She is also easygoing and doesn’t lose her temper often, preferring to avoid conflict. Which of the following statements about Jolene is most likely true?
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Hardy
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Azriel seems to thrive on stress and feels very much in control of his life. He would probably be labeled a __________ personality.
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Integration
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Huong has moved from China to the Unites States. While she dresses and acts like her American friends, she still has retained much of her cultural heritage and attends traditional Chinese dance classes on the weekends. This is an example of
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Problem Focused
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Gary is having trouble with psychology and statistics.He goes to the school’s academic help center for tutoring and spends extra time working on problems at home. Gary’s method of coping is
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Visualization
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To alleviate her stress, Jenny often closes her eyes and envisions herself on a quiet beach during sunset. This vision often helps her to relax, especially before talking in front of a crowd. Such an approach is known as
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Mary, a very religious person who is involved in her community
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Which of the following people may have the greatest ability to cope with stews?

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