Psychology Chapter 11 & 12

psychologist define stress as
The process by which we appraise and respond to threatening or challenging events

two-thirds of Americans responding to surveys taken in the three weeks after 9-11 terrorist attacks reported
Sleeping difficulties

In response to stress, the adrenal glands release

The general adaption syndrome describes stages in the
Body’s response to prolonged stress

Dental students healed more slowly from punch wounds received three days prior to a major exam than from punch wounds during summer vacation. The slower healing prior to a major exam is best explained by the students’ temporarily reduced release of

Who is the best example of a type A personality
Philip, a competitive, hot-tempered corporation president

Who is the best example of a type B personality
Wang Lung, A relaxed, easygoing dentist

In their classic nine-year study, Friedman and Rosenman reported that, compared with type A men, type B men were
Less susceptible to heart attacks

A Harvard School of Public Health researched team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10 year period. They found that____ were more than twice as likely as___ to develop heart disease
Pessimist: optimists

To alleviate the stress of losing her job, Alicia enrolled in a work retaining program that led t0 full-time employment. Alicia’s behavior best illustrates
problem-focused coping

Rats that received electric shocks were unlikely yo develop ulcers if the
Rats could control the termination of the shocks

Alex experiences little stress because he expects things to work out the way he wants them to. This best illustrates the value of

Aerobic exercise has been most closely linked to decrease in

One possible explanation for the longer life expectancy of religiously active people is that
They receive more social support

They study of positive emotions, desirable character traits, and enabling institutions is central to the emerging subfield know as
positive psychology

The frequency of positive and negative emotion words used by US facebook users indicates that their most positive moods were expressed on

Which of the following factors has been found to be clearly related to feelings of general happiness or life satisfaction
Having an active religious faith

One way for people to improve their own subjective well-being is to
Participate in regular aerobic exercise

After receiving very bad news, people ___ the duration of their negative emotions

The feel-good, do-good phenomenon refers to the fact that when people feel happy they
Are more willing to help others

An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her

Psychoanalysis refers to the personality theory and the therapeutic practices developed by
Sigmund Freud

By professional training, Freud was a

According to Freud , the unconscious is
The thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware

Free association is central to the process of

When 2 year old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, he threw his plate on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his

Freud emphasized that the id operates on the ___ principle

Ego is to id as ___ is to ___
Reality principle; pleasure principle

According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standard is the

Freud suggested that the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct pleasure-sensitive areas of the body known as
Erogenous Zones

The Oedipus Complex is the term used by Freud to describe
Boy’s feelings of guilt and fear of punishment over their sexual desire for their mother

Gender Identity refers to
The sense of being male or female

According to Freud, Defense mechanisms are used by the
Ego to prevent threatening impulses from being consciously recognized

When she was 8 years-old, Inge was sexually abused by her uncle. At 14, Inge felt uncomfortable whenever she saw this uncle but was unable to understand why she felt this way. A psychoanalyst would most likely suggest that Inge is using the defense mechanism of

Freud believed that the manifest content of dreams consisted of
Censored expressions of unconscious wishes

Four year-old Timmy had not wet the bed for over a year. However, he started bed-wetting again soon after his sister was born. Timmy behavior illustrates

Alfred Adler was a neo-Freudian who proposed the concept
The inferiority complex

Karen Horney, a prominent neo-Freudian, disputed Freud’s assumption that women
Have weak superegos

Carl Jung referred to a shared reservoir of memory traces from our species history as the
Collective unconscious

The famous test introduced by Hermann Rorschach asks test-takers to respond to
Meaningless inkblots

Right-hemisphere activity enables a split-brain patient’s left hand to carry out instructions the patient cannot verbalize. This best illustrates the importance of
Unconscious thought

Carl Rogers would have suggested that many of the defense mechanisms described by Freud are used to minimize the perceived discrepancy between
The actual self and the ideal self

The MMPI is an example of a(n)
Personality Inventory

IN assessing candidates for spy missions during WWII, US Army psychologist subjected them to simulated undercover conditions, This best illustrates the use of an assessment strategy favored by ___ theories

Narcissism refers to excessive

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