Psychology Ch.7 (PRE)Mastering

question

adolescence refers to the period between
answer

age thirteen and the early twenties
question

_____ may cause miscarriage and low birth weight for the developing embryo
answer

caffeine
question

down syndrome is
answer

a chromosome disorder
question

the cell resulting from fertilization is called a(n)
answer

zygote
question

during the embryonic period, the embryo
answer

becomes vulnerable to diseases the mother may have
question

during the intimacy versus isolation stage, Erikson saw the primary task to be
answer

finding a mate
question

declines in memory during middle age are most likely due to
answer

stress and information overload
question

A _____ will always be expressed in the observable trait.
answer

dominant gene
question

When you touch an infant’s cheek, he will turn toward your hand, open his mouth, and search for the nipple. This is known as the _____ reflex.
answer

rooting
question

By the end of Piaget’s sensorimotor stage, infants have fully developed a sense of
answer

object permanence
question

A research design in which one participant or group of participants is followed and studied over a long period of time is called a _____ design
answer

longitudinal
question

Dizygotic twins
answer

are more likely to occur in women taking fertility drugs
question

Erikson believes that during late adulthood, people engage in a process called
answer

a life review
question

When the mass of cells does not completely split apart, the result is
answer

conjoined twins
question

Humans have a total of _____ chromosomes in each cell of their bodies
answer

46
question

The primary task of individuals facing Erikson’s stage of identity versus role confusion is to
answer

develop values in life and beliefs concerning things such as political issues and career options
question

Which of the following is true about reflexes?
answer

Some reflexes help infants to survive until they are capable of learning more complex means of interaction
question

Which of the following describes the relationship between heredity and environmental factors in determining development?
answer

Genes and experience can affect each other
question

A researcher spends her entire career comparing the relative influences of heredity and environment on the development of alcoholism in men. This researcher works in the field of
answer

behavioral genetics
question

Lizzie, age 12, regularly asks questions such as, \”What if everyone just got along?\” and, \”If I became a medical researcher, I could find a cure for cancer?\” According to Piaget’s theory, these questions suggest that Lizzie has acquired the ability to _____
answer

think abstractly
question

A four-year-old watches her father pour liquid from a short, wide glass into a tall, thin glass. She believes that there is now more liquid in the tall glass than there was in the short glass. This is due to centration and
answer

irreversibility
question

Olivia is in peak physical health. Her sense are sharp, and her cognitive abilities are mature. Olivia is most likely in which of the following age groups?
answer

twenties
question

Sixteen-year-old Esmerelda often drinks several glasses of beer and then drives herself home. When her parents express worry that her drinking and driving will lead to an accident, Esmerelda responds, \”That won’t happen to me. It only happens to other people.\” Esmerelda’s thinking reflects
answer

the personal fable
question

Seeing a dog for the first time, Kenetra — whose family owns a cat — points and says \”cat\” Piaget would say this is an example of
answer

assimilation
question

Dr. Austin is studying the effects of aging on memory. She gives an initial test of memory to a group of 20-year-olds and a group of 40-year-olds. Then she follows both groups of participants for a period of five years, regularly giving them memory tests during that time. Which research design is Dr. Austin using?
answer

cross sequential

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member