Psychology 150

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Trepanning
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In ancient times holes were cut in an ill person;s head to let out evil spirits in a process called
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Hippocrates
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Believed that mental illness came frim an imbalance in the body’s four humors
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Psychopathology
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The study of abnormal behavior is called
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Psychoanalytical Disorder
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A pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life is called a
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Maladaptive
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Anthing that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and ecerday demands of life is called
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Biological
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The ______ model explains behavior as caused by biological changes in the chemical, structural, or genetic system of the body
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Psychoanalytical Theorists
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Assume that abnormal behavior stems form repressed conflicts and urges that are fighting to become conscious
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Behaviorists
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Abnormal behavior is seen as learned by the
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Cognitive Theorists
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See abnormal behavior as coming from irrational beliefs and illogical patterns of thought
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Cultural Relativity
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The need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture in which behavior takes place
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Culture-Bound Syndromes
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Disorders found only in particular cultures are known as
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
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A manual of psychological disorders and their symptoms is called
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Depression
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One of the most common psychological disorders worldwide is
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Anxiety
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Disorders in which the main symptoms are excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness are called _______ disorders
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Phobia
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This is an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity
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Agoraphobia
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The fear of being in a place or situation form which escape is difficult or impossible is called
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
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This disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior (compulsion) is called
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Panic Disorder
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A person is said to have a __ ___ when panic attacks occur frequentlyh enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder
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Is a disorder in which a person has feelings of dread and impending doom along with physical symptoms of stress, which lasts six months or more
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Somatoform Disorder
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Is a disorder that takes the form of bodily illnesses and symptoms but for which there are no real physical disorders
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Psychosomatic Disorder
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Is a disorder in which psychological stress causes a real physical disorder or illness
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Hypochorondriasis
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A somatoform disorder in which person is terrified of beign sick and worries constantly, going to doctors repeatedly, and becoming preoccupied with ecery sensation of the body
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Conversion Disorder
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A somatoform disorder in which the person experiences a specific symptom in the somatic nervous systems functioning, such as paralysis, numbness, or blindness, for which there is no physical cause is called
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Dissociative Amnesia
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A loss of memory for personal information, wither partial or complete, is known as
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Dissociative Fugue
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Is traveling away from familiar surroundings with amnesia for the trup and possible amnesia for person information
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Dissociative Identity Disorder
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Is a disorder occuring when a person seems to have two or more sitinct personalities within one body
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Affect
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In Psychology, an emotional reaction is called the
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Cychothymia
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A disorder that consists of mood swings from moderate depression to hypomania and lasts two years or more is called
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Major Depression
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Is a Severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause
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Bipolar Disorder
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Is severe mood swings between major depressive episodes and manic episodes
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Mania
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When an individual has excessive excitement, energy, and elation or irritability, it is known as
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Schizophrenia
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A severe disorder in which the person suffers form disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, and is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality is called
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Psychotic
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When someone does not have the ability to perceive what is real and whis fantasy, we say they are
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Positive Symptoms
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The ___ ___ of schizophrenia are excesses of behavior or occur in addition to normal behavior, hallucinations, delusions, and disorted thinking
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Negative Symptoms
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Schizophernia are lacks of behaviors or less-than-normal behavior like poor speech or loss of affect
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Hallucinations
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False sensory perceptions, such as hearing voices that do not really exist, are called
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Delusions
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False beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness are called
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Disorganized
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The type of schizophenia in which behavior is bizarre and childish and thinking, speech, and motor actions are very disordered is called _______ schizophrenia …
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Paranoid
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The type of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur, and jealousy, together with hallucinations is called ____ schizophrenia
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Personality Disorder
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A disorder in which a person adopts a persistent, rigid, and maladaptive pattern of behavior that interferes with normal social interactions is called a
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Antisocial Personality Disorder
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This is a disorder in which a person has no morals or conscience and often behaves in an impulsive manner withour regard for the consequences of that behavior…
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Borderline Personality Disorder
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Is a Maladaptive personality pattern in which ther person is moody, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity, and often clings to others
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Seasonal Affective Disorder
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Is a mood disorder caused by the body’s reaction to low levels of sunlight in the winter months

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