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Psych Chapter 15 Therapy

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Active listening
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listening with total attention to what another person is saying; involves reflecting, paraphrasing, and clarifying what the person says and means
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psychotherapy
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techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
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client-centered therapy
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Roger’s therapy emphasizing the client’s natural tendency to become more healthy and productive; techniques include empathy, unconditional positive regard, genuineness and active listening.
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Cognitive behavior therapy
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combines cognitive therapy and behavior therapy
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cognitive restructuring
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process in cognitive therapy to change destructive thoughts or inappropriate interpretations
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cognitive therapy
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therapy that treats problem behaviors and mental processes by focusing on faulty thought processes and beliefs
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dream analysis
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In psychoanalysis, interpreting the underlying true meaning of dreams to reveal unconscious processes
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empathy
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an insightful awareness and ability to share another’s inner experience
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free association
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In psychoanalysis, reporting whatever comes to mind without monitoring its contents
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genuineness
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authenticity and congruence; the awareness of one’s true inner thoughts and feelings and being able to share them honestly with others
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group therapy
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a number of people meet together to work towards therapeutic goals
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humanistic therapy
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therapy that focuses on removing obstacles that block personal growth and potential
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interpretation
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a psychoanalyst’s explanation of a patient’s free associations, dreams, resistance, and transference; any statement by a therapist that presents a patient’s problem in a new way
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psychodynamic therapy
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a briefer, more directive, and more modern form of psychoanalysis that focuses on conscious processes and current problems
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rational-emotive behavior therapy
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Ellis’s cognitive therapy to eliminate emotional problems through rational examination of irrational beliefs
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resistance
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in psychoanalysis, the person’s inability or unwillingness to discuss or reveal certain memories, thoughts, motives or experiences
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self-help group
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Leaderless or non professionally guided groups in which members assist each other with a specific problem, like AA
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self-talk
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internal dialogue; the things people say to themselves when they interpret events
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transference
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in psychoanalysis, the patient may displace unconscious feelings about a significant person in his/her life onto the therapist
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unconditional positive regard
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Roger’s term for love and acceptance with no contingencies attached
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aversion therapy
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pairing an aversion stimulus with a maladaptive behavior
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behavior therapy
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group of techniques based on learning principles used to change maladaptive behaviors
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modelling therapy
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watching and imitating models that demonstrate desirable behaviors
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systematic desensitization
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a gradual process of extinguishing a learned fear (phobia) by working through the hierarchy of fear-evoking stimuli while staying deeply relaxed
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antianxiety drugs
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Medications used to produce relaxation, reduce anxiety, and decrease overarousal in the brain
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antidepressant drugs
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Medications used to treat depression, some anxiety disorders, and certain eating disorders
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antipsychotic drugs
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Medications used to diminish or eliminate hallucinations, delusions, withdrawal or other symptoms of psychosis. “Neuroleptics” “major tranquilizers”
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biomedical therapy
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using biological interventions to treat psychological disorders
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electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
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biomedical therapy based on passing electrical current through the brain; used mainly for treating severe depression when medication doesn’t work
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lobotomy
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outmoded medical procedure for mental disorders, which involved cutting nerve pathways between the frontal lobe and the thalamus and the hypothalamus
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mood stabilizer drugs
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drugs medications used to treat the combination of manic episodes and depression characteristics of bipolar disorders
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psychopharmacology
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the study of drug effects on mind and behavior
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psychosurgery
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operative procedure on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not responded to other treatments
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repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
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Biomedical treatment involving repeated pulses of magnetic energy being passed through the brain
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tradive dyskinesia
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movement disorder involving facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic medications
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eclectic approach
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combining techniques from various theories to find the most appropriate treatment