Psych 2301 Ch 10 Practice Quiz

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In Asch’s study, conformity decreased when
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at least one confederate agreed with the participant
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Which of the following would not be effective in minimizing groupthink?
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Caroline wants her team to openly vote by a show of hands either for or against her business plan
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Connor needs just $20 more to go out with his friends. He asks his mother for $50 but she tells him he can have $30 instead. In the end, Conner ended up with $10 more than he originally planned. What technique did Conner use?
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door-in-the-face technique
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Who among the following might be the least likely target for a cult?
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Dan, who is curious about the forms of religion and independent
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In Burger’s follow-up study to Milgram’s obedience experiment, participants
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were only slightly less likely to obey than those in Miligram’s study
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Which of the following represents the affective component of an attitude?
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\”I love to go to the clups- it makes me so happy!\”
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As an attorney, you always recommend to your clients that they dress up in professional clothes their day in court. What aspect of persuasion are you focusing on?
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the source
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One of your friends tells you, \”I didn’t like the enviromental-awareness presentation today. First of all it was too long, not to mention the person who gave it was drinking out of a polystyrene cup and drive away in a huge SUV.\” What kind of processing might your friend be using?
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peripheral-route processing
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According to the phenomenon known as social categorization, what is most influential in helping us form an attitude about someone or something?
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Those things that happen first, also known as the primary effect
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Kohanna thinks that everyone who smiles must always be happy and those people who are quiet must be naturally shy. Such assumptions are the bases for
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implicit personality theory
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Caleb almost always shows up later for work. His friends attribute this to Caleb’s laziness. This is an example of a ___ cause.
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dispositional
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How might someone who unknowingly is committing the fundamental attribution error explain Stanley Milgram’s obedience study?
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Subjects in that study must have been the kind of people who like to hurt others.
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Prejudice is about ___ whereas discrimination is about ___
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attitudes; behavior
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What are two of the most prominent social factors in creating stressful living conditions?
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poverty and job stress
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Joaquin moved from Nicaragua to the U.S. He learned to speak and write English, changed his last name so that it would sound more, \”American\”, and no longer maintains any of his old culture’s styles of dress or customs. Joaquin has used which method of entering the majority culture.
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assimilation
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What effect, if any, does religion have on one’s stress?
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Religion can help people effectively cope with stress in multiple ways
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What does the research say about the concept of opposites attract?
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Studies do not support this idea and instead note that similarity is what tends to draw people together
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In grade school, 12-year-old Chase does not know 12-year-old Corrine well, but starts to like her when he hears from her friends that she has a crush on him. This is an example of
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reciprocity of liking
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According to Sternberg, when all three components of love are present, a couple possesses ___ love
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consummate
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When people are unable to reach a goal, frustration may result, which can ultimately turn into
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aggression
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Increased levels of aggression in those who drink alcohol may be due to a decrease in what neurotransmitter?
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serotonin
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Studies of the brain have found that the ___ is influential in the presence of ___ behavior.
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temporoparietal junction; altruistic
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Which of the following scenarios probably will not result in the bystander effect?
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You come across someone lying on a walking path while you are walking alone at your local nature center.
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Once a situation has been defined as an emergency, the next step in the decision-making process is
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taking responsibility
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Saul admits that he conforms so as to be liked by others. This is known as
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normative social influence
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According to the text, in which of the following has groupthink been known to occur?
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presidential elections
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Maria was approached by her neighbor, asking her to adopt two to three kittens that were abandoned by their mother. Although Maria refused to take in three kittens, she did agree to adopt just one. What compliance technique did her neighbor use on Maria?
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door-in-the-face
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When examining Stanley Milgram’s research, some have suggested that a teacher’s willingness to deliver potentially lethal shocks may be more a product of ___ than of obedience, but as of yet no research supports this specific conclusion
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the foot-in-the-door technique
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The public service messages that encourage parents to sit down with their children and talk frankly about drugs are promoting which method of attitude formation?
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direct instruction
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Researchers have found that a ___ degree of fear in a message makes it more effective, particularly when it is combined with ___
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moderate; information about how to prevent the fearful consequences
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Sandy was a juror in the trial for a man accused of stealing guns from a sporting goods store. The defendant was not very well-spoken and came from a very poor background, but Sandy listened carefully to the evidence presented and made her decision based on that. Sandy was using ___ processing.
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central-route
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If LaShonda experiences a sense of cognitive dissonance between her attitude and behavior, which of the following would help her reduce that uncomfortable sensation?
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changing the behavior
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Gerard goes to a job interview dressed in patched blue jeans, a torn T-shirt and sandals. His hair is uncombed and he hasn’t shaved in a few days. Obviously, Gerard knows nothing about
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impression formation
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If behavior is assumed to be caused by external characteristics, this is known as
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a situational cause
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Thomas likes to \”hang with the guys\”. These people with whom Thomas identifies most strongly with are called a(n)
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in-group
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The \”Robber’s Cave\” experiment showed the value of ___ in combating prejudice.
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an equal status contact
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Huong has moved from China to the U.S. While she dresses and acts like her American friends, she still has retained much of her cultural heritage and attends traditional Chinese dance classes on the weekend. This is an example of
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integration
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Which of the following people may have the greatest ability to cope with stress?
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Mary, a very religious person who is involved in her community
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Vivian and Steve met at work. At first they were just friends, but over time, they found themselves falling in love- or as Vivian tells her friends. \”Steve just grew on me!\” According to research in interpersonal attraction, the most likely explanation for their attraction is
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mere exposure
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According to Sternberg, a couple whose love is based on intimacy and passion but who are not yet committed to a long-term relationship are in the form of love called ___ love.
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romantic
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The concept that aggression results from a social role is based on what psychological theory?
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social learning
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To which two processes do most social psychologists attribute the failure of those around LaShanda Calloway to help her?
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bystander effect and diffusion of responsibility
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While serving as a chaperon for her son’s class trip to the museum, Cara witnessed someone fall down a flight of stairs. She was able to request emergency assistance by simply dialing 9-1-1 on her cell phone. Which step in the decision process for helping was Cara?
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taking action
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Which of the following would the field of social neuroscience be most likely to study?
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what parts of the brain influence social behavior

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